Kami (caste)

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Kami/Bishwakarma
कामी/विश्वकर्मा
Regions with significant populations
   Nepal1,258,554 (4.8% of Nepal's population)[1]
Languages
Nepali language (Khas kura)
Religion
Om.svgHinduism, Buddhism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Khas people, Damai, Badi, Sarki, Gandarbha/Gaine

Kami/Bishwakarma (Nepali: कामी/ विश्वकर्मा) is an ethno-linguistic Indo-Aryan Nepali speaking group. It is a Khas occupational caste belonging to blacksmiths.[2] The 1854 Nepalese Muluki Ain (Legal Code) not keep in lowest category.[3] Kami are categorized under "Hill Dalit" among the 9 broad social groups, along with Damai, Badi, Sarki and Gaine by the Government of Nepal.[1] Thus, the tribal designation of Khas is given only in few context to Kami[2]

They live in Nepal, Sikkim and Darjeeling District of West Bengal, India. Kamis are essentially blacksmiths Kami/Vishowkarma are Vishowkarmabramin.are scattered across almost all hilly districts of Nepal, districts of Sikkim, Darjeeling (a District of W.B), and Assam; some have settled in other parts of India as well. They are also known as Vishwakarma or Bishwakarma.

The Kami are traditionally held to be the descendants of God or Lord Vishwakarma. They are one sub-caste from other Vishwakarma sub-caste to kami they have their own identity and occupation and language. The word kami may derive from the Sanskrit word karma or kam, meaning "work". The Kami make the famous Khukuri knives used by the Gurkha Army, and a traditional Nepali drum called a Madal. They are also expert performers of the traditional folk dance Maruni Nritya.

According to the 2001 Nepal census, there were a total of 895,954 Kami, of whom 96.69% were Hindus and 2.21% were Buddhists. According to 2011 Nepal census, Kami make up 4.8% of Nepal's population (or 12,58,554 peoples).[1]

Surnames of Bishwakarmas[4][edit]

असुरपाती (Asurpati), आग्री (Aagri), आफरवाडी (Aafarbadi), आफलघाती (Aafalghati), आगरी (Aagari), ओर (Oar), ओखेडा (Okheda), ओड (Oad), एयरपती (Ayarpati), इरनाई (Iranai), उखेडा (Ukheda), श्रीपाली (Shripali), कामी (Kami), कर्मा (Karma), करार (Karar), काललोहार (Kalalohar), कौशल (Kaushal), कालीराज (Kaliraj), कसरा (Kasara), कालीकोटे (Kalikote), कालीराज (Kaliraj), कुमार्की (Kumarki), कैनी (Kaini), कोली (Koli), कालाकोटी (Kalakoti), कसेरा (Kasera), कसारो (Kasaro), कुलाल (Kulal), कवि (Kabi), कुलगल (Kulagal), कुयाल (Kuyal), कडरा (Kadara), करला (Karala), कमेनी (Kameni), कालीमार (Kalimar), कोहली (Kohli), खड्काथोकी (Khadkathoki),(khati)खातो, दुधराज (Dudharaj), गोल्डस्मिथ (Goldsmith), गहतराज (Gahatraj), गुरताल (Gurtal), गावा (Gawa), गदाल (Gadal), गोथे (Gothe), गडाल (Gadal), गुतील (Gurtil), गजमेर (Gajmer), गदली (Gadali), घर्तीववरे (Ghartibabare), घताने (Ghatane), घतानी (Ghatani), घमाल (Ghamal), घिमिरे (Ghimire), घामघत्ले (Ghamghatle), घडेरी (Ghaderi), चुनारा (Chunara), चौठेमार (Chauthemar), चौढेमार (Chaudhemar), चुनार (Chunar), चन्दरा (Chandara), द्धन्द«परे (Dandapare), छिनाल (Chhinal), छामछल्न (Chhamchhalna), छिस्तुल (Chhistul), जगतीपुरे (Jagatipure), जडकामी (Jadakami), जम्लाली (Jamlali), जाडकामी (Jadkami), जगडी (Jagadi), जइगडी (Jaigadi), जनाला (Janala), ज्याबन (Jyaban), टमटा (Tamata), ठटरा (Thatara), डोटेली (Doteli), डडालीयर (Dadaliyar), डल्ली (Dalli), तिरुवा (Tiruwa), त्यागी (Tyagi), दुलाल (Dulal), देउती (Deuti), देवपाते (Devpate), दुराल (Dural), दुरैली (Duraili), ददेल (Dadel), दयाल (Dayal), दर्लामी (Darlami), दुधसुनार (Dudhasunar), दुधराज (Dudharaja) धमाला (Dhamala), धनुके (Dhanuke), धयाल (Dhayal), धम्याल (Dhamyal), धन्याल (Dhanyal), धानुक (Dhanuk), धानीक (Dhanik), धोतीकामी (Dhotikami), नेपाली (Nepali), पार्की (Parki), पाददेउती (Paddeuti), पोर्तेल (Portel), पियाली (Piyali), परी (Pari), पहरी (Pahari), पाइटु (Paitu), पल्याल (Palyal), पल्यान (Palyan), प्वाल्याल (Pwalyal), बुरीटमटा (Buritamata), बान्दे (Bande), वरेली (Bareli), बछाली (Bachhali), बएल (Bayal), बल्मान (Balman), बयानी (Bayani), बाबली (Babali), बटला (Batala), बगालेथापा (Bagalethapa), बसक्याल (Basakyal), भन्याल (Bhanyal), भारध्वाज (Bharadhwaj), भूल (Bhul), महरा (Mahara), मल्ल (Malla), मुड्याल (Mudyal), महिराज (Mahiraj), मध्य (Madhya), मःरकोहली (Marakohli), मगरा (Magara), महिलीपार (Mahilipar), मडयाल (Madyal), मिझार (Mijhar), महर (Mahar), रसाईली (Rasaili), रिसाल (Risal), रपाल (Rapal), रामदाम (Ramdam), रैकाल (Raikal), रिजाल (Rijal), रामदार (Ramdar), राम (Ram), रामछाम (Ramchham), राजीलौहार (Rajilauhar), रपशंकर (Rapashankar), रुचालु (Ruchalu), लखडा (Lakhada), लाखड (Lakhad), लावण–लावड (Lavan-Lavad), लोहार (Lohar), ल्थर (Lthar), ल्वागुन (Lwagun), लकान्द्री (Lakandri), लौकान (Laukan), लामगोद (Lamgod), लामगादे (Lamgade), लुहार (Luhar), वड (Od), बालोमर (Balomar), वथानी (Bathani), वेथानी (Bethani), वेदानी (Bedani), वरही (Barahi), स्वर्णकार (Swarnakar), विखैमर (Bikhaimar), व्यागी (Byagi), विर्खेमर (Birkhemar), वंशपाली (Banshapali), सुजी (Suji), सदाशंकर (Sadashankar), साशंकर (Sashankar), सेजवाल (Sejwal), सिन्चौरी (Sinchauri), सेतीमगर (Setimagar), सेती (Seti), सहुरखाती (Sahurkhati), सैसवाल (Saisawal), सिर्पाइली (Sirpaili), सुरुवाल (Suruwal), सेवा (Sewa), सिगाउरे (Sigaure), सेतीपार (Setipar), सुनधुवा (Sundhuwa), सिंगौली (Singauli), सेतीसिलाल (Setisilal), सिमलखडा (Simalkhada), सिमलदिया (Simaldiya), सिंगडरे (Singadare), साई (Sai), सराल (Saral), सेरला (Serala), सोनाहा (Sonaha), सिङऔरी (Singauri), सुनकामी (Sunkami), सेतिमहर (Setimahar), सुखाल (Surwal), सुन्चौरी (Sunchauri), सेन्चुरी (Senchuri), सेतीमोर (Setimor), सिकर्मी (Sikarmi), स्नेही (Snehi), सुनार (Sunar), संकटयाल (Sankatyal), सोव (Sob), सेराल (Seral), सुनी (Suni), सोनी (Soni), सिल्खाल (Silkhal), थोकी (Thoki), हुम्लाली (Humlali)

विश्वकर्मा जातीका गैरदलितसंग मिल्ने थरहरु : ओली (Oli), अर्याल (Aryal), कार्की (Karki), घिमिरे (Ghimire), रिजाल (Rijal), खड्काथोकी (Khadkathoki), मल्ल (Malla), धमाल (Dhamal), चन्द (Chanda), दुलाल (Dulal), सिलवाल (Silwal), खनाल (Khanal), खपाङ्गी (Khapangi), खाती (Khati), गजुरेल (Gajurel), गिरी (Giri),गौतम (Gautam), पोख्रेल (Pokhrel), भट्ट (Bhatta), भट्टराई (Bhattarai), पन्थी (Panthi), पौडेल (Paudel), लोहनी (Lohani), थापा (Thapa), शर्मा (Sharma), शाह (Shah), वराल (Baral), लामिछाने (Lamichhane), धामी (Dhami), भुषाल (Bhusal), सिजापति (Sijapati), बगाले (Bagale), सिंह (Singh), बस्नेत (Basnet), बास्कोटा (Baskota), निरौला (Niraula), तिवारी (Tiwari), पोखरेल (Pokharel), लोहनी (Lohani) .......

Notable Kami/ Bishwakarmas[edit]

  • Bishwakarma Baba - Hindu God of Architecture
  • Tulsi Ghimire - Nepalese Film Actor/Director/Producer
  • Bhuwan Singh Bishwakarma - First Nepali to reach Antarctica
  • Sompal Kami - Nepali National Cricketer
  • Jagat Tamata - Coach, Nepal national cricket team
  • Ranjit Gajmer - Musician
  • Bharati Ghimire - Actress
  • Niruta Singh - Actress
  • Rima Bishwakarma - Actress/ Media Personality
  • Sabita Bishwakarma - Media Personality
  • Kabiraj Gahatraj - Choreographer
  • Maheshwor Sunar {Mahesh Godar}-Choreographer
  • Ruben Khati -Christian Musician.
  • Aashma Bishwakarma - Dancer
  • Dinesh Sunar - Nepali Parker
  • Shiva B.K. - Choreographer
  • Shankar B.C. - Choreographer
  • B.B. Anuragi - Musician
  • Saugat Sayar - Singer
  • Prakash Saput - Singer
  • Purnakala B.C. - Lok Dohori Singer
  • Kulendra Bishwkarma - Lok Dohori Singer
  • Swarupa Rasaili - Singer..
  • Nisa Sunar - Singer
  • Bijay Ghimire - Everest Climber
  • Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma - Ex Minister / Spokesperson, CPN (Biplab)
  • Jagat Bahadur Bishwkarma - Minister, Youth and Sports
  • Subodh Shirpali - General Secretary, YCL Nepal
  • Daljit Shipali - Ex Minister, Youth and Sports
  • Chhabilal Bishwakarma - Ex Minister
  • Min Bahadur Bishwakarma - Ex Minister
  • Lal Bahadur Bishwkarma - Ex State Minister
  • Dal Bahadur Sunar - Ex State Minister
  • Sushil Bishwakarma - Musician
  • Manjul Miteri - Sculpture
  • Navraj Bishwakarma - Actor
  • Gobinda Bishwakarma - U.S. Army
  • Puskar Bishwkarma - Writer
  • Ravi Oad - Nepal Idol Season 2
  • Bikram Baral-Nepal Idol 1st Runner Up Season 2
  • Ghanshyam Bishwakarma - Sociologist Finland

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b Whelpton 2005, p. 31.
  3. ^ Gurung, Harka (2005) Social Exclusion and Maoist Insurgency. Paper presented at National Dialogue Conference at ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal peoples, Kathmandu, 19–20 January 2005.
  4. ^ "NDC - Cms Site". ndc.gov.np. Retrieved 2018-12-03.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]