Kamphaeng Phet Province

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Kamphaeng Phet

กำแพงเพชร
Flag of Kamphaeng Phet
Flag
Official seal of Kamphaeng Phet
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
CountryThailand
Government
 • GovernorThani Thanyaphot (since 2015)
Area
 • Total8,607.5 km2 (3,323.4 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 22nd
Population
(2014)
 • Total729,522[1]
 • RankRanked 35th
 • Density rankRanked 53rd
HDI
 • HDI (2009)0.725 (medium) (49th)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s)055
ISO 3166 codeTH-62
Vehicle registrationกำแพงเพชร

Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand in the upper center of the country. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.

Etymology[edit]

In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.

Geography[edit]

Banana Festival

The main river is the Ping, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River. River flats make up much of the east of the province, while the west is mountainous and covered with forests.

One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.

History[edit]

Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as later of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Districts

The province is divided into 11 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 78 sub-districts (tambons) and 823 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Kamphaeng Phet
  2. Sai Ngam
  3. Khlong Lan
  4. Khanu Woralaksaburi
  5. Khlong Khlung
  6. Phran Kratai
  1. Lan Krabue
  2. Sai Thong Watthana
  3. Pang Sila Thong
  4. Bueng Samakkhi
  5. Kosamphi Nakhon
Ruins, Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park
Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°33′29″N 99°30′40″E / 16.55806°N 99.51111°E / 16.55806; 99.51111