Kamphaeng Phet Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Kamphaeng Phet Province
|• Governor||Thani Thanyaphot (since 2015)|
|• Total||8,607.5 km2 (3,323.4 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 22nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 35th|
|• Density rank||Ranked 53rd|
|• HDI (2009)||0.725 (medium) (49th)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-62|
Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand in the upper center of the country. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, and Tak.
In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.
One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.
Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as later of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).
- "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015.
- Kamphaeng Phet travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Provincial page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Website of Province (Thai)