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Kamphaeng Phet province

Coordinates: 16°33′29″N 99°30′40″E / 16.55806°N 99.51111°E / 16.55806; 99.51111
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Kamphaeng Phet
Kamphaeng Phet Province
Flag of Kamphaeng Phet
Official seal of Kamphaeng Phet
Chakungrao (Thai: ชากังราว)
Mueang Kluai Khai
(city of lady finger bananas)
กรุพระเครื่อง เมืองคนแกร่ง พระแสงฯ ล้ำค่า ศิลาแลงใหญ่ กล้วยไข่หวาน น้ำมันลานกระบือ เลื่องลือมรดกโลก
("Buddha amulets repository. City of the strong. Precious Phra Saeng swords. Large laterite slabs, Sweet lady finger bananas. Lan Krabue oil. Renowned world heritage.")
Map showing location of Kamphaeng Phet in lower northern Thailand
Location of Kamphaeng Phet in Thailand
Coordinates: 16°33′29″N 99°30′40″E / 16.55806°N 99.51111°E / 16.55806; 99.51111
Country Thailand
CapitalKamphaeng Phet
Subdivisions11 districts
 • GovernorChathip Ruchanaseri (since October 2022)
 • Total8,607.49 km2 (3,323.37 sq mi)
 • Rank22nd
 • TotalDecrease 712,143
 • Rank37th
 • Density82.74/km2 (214.3/sq mi)
  • Rank54th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2022)0.6283 "somewhat low"
Ranked 58th
 • Totalbaht 110 billion
(US$3.8 billion) (2019)
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)

Kamphaeng Phet (Thai: กำแพงเพชร, pronounced [kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ pʰét]) is a province in upper central Thailand. It borders the provinces of Sukhothai to the north; Phitsanulok to the northeast; Phichit to the east; Nakhon Sawan to the south; and Tak to the west and northwest, covering over 8,607.49 square kilometres (3,323.37 sq mi) and is the fourth-largest provinces in central Thailand. Kamphaeng Phet has the Ping River flow through is main river of the province, making river flats make up much of the east of the province, while the west is mountainous which is part of Dawna Range and it covered with plentifully forest. Kamphaeng Phet known its natural environment and has a long history. National and historical parks in the province include Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park, Khlong Lan National Park, and Mae Wong National Park.


In Thai or Lao kamphaeng means 'wall' and phet (from Sanskrit vájra) means 'diamond'. The name means 'wall as hard as diamond'. This wall served as a defensive line to protect the Ayutthaya Kingdom from what is now modern-day Burma. The old name was Khao Kampeng, referring to a 'mountain wall' between the two countries.


The main river is the Ping, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River. River flats make up much of the east of the province, while the west is mountainous and covered with forests. The total forest area is 1,997 km2 (771 sq mi) or 23.5 percent of provincial area.[3]

One of the provinces best-known products is bananas, especially the kluai khai, a small, round, sweet banana. Banana festivals are held every year to thank the spirits for the harvest.

National parks[edit]

There area three national parks make up region 12 (Nakhon Sawan) of Thailand's protected areas.

Wildlife sanctuary[edit]

  • Khao Sanam Phriang Wildlife Sanctuary, 101 km2 (39 sq mi)[5]: 1 


Kamphaeng Phet was already a royal city in the Sukhothai Kingdom in the 14th century, then known under its old name Chakangrao. It formed an important part of the defence system of the kingdom, as well as of the later Ayutthaya Kingdom.


The provincial seal shows the city walls surmounted by diamonds, since the city name means 'diamond wall' (from the shape of the ramparts of the old city wall). The provincial tree is the areca nut palm (Acacia catechu), and the provincial flower the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi). Golden belly barb (Hypsibarbus wetmorei) is provincial fish, since it is a fish found in the Ping river especially in the area of Kamphaeng Phet.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of 11 districts

Provincial government[edit]

The province is divided into 11 districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 78 subdistricts (tambons) and 823 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Kamphaeng Phet
  2. Sai Ngam
  3. Khlong Lan
  4. Khanu Woralaksaburi
  5. Khlong Khlung
  6. Phran Kratai
  1. Lan Krabue
  2. Sai Thong Watthana
  3. Pang Sila Thong
  4. Bueng Samakkhi
  5. Kosamphi Nakhon

Local government[edit]

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[7] one Kamphaeng Phet Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 25 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Kamphaeng Phet, Pang Makha and Nong Pling have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 22 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 64 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[8]

Human achievement index 2022[edit]

Health Education Employment Income
39 70 71 13
Housing Family Transport Participation
30 25 73 35
Province Kamphaeng Phet, with an HAI 2022 value of 0.6283 is "somewhat low", occupies place 58 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[1]

Rank Classification
  1–13 "High"
14–29 "Somewhat high"
30–45 "Average"
46–61 "Somewhat low"
62–77 "Low"

Notable residents[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Kamphaeng Phet was mentioned in crime fiction Sarawat Yai as the backdrop of the whole story. It was adapted into a television drama of the same name twice on Channel 7, in 1994 and 2019. In the versions of both television dramas, Kamphaeng Phet was changed to be called Phra Kamphaeng (พระกำแพง, pronounced [pʰráʔ kām.pʰɛ̄ːŋ]).[9][10]



  1. ^ a b "ข้อมูลสถิติดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี 2565 (PDF)" [Human Achievement Index Databook year 2022 (PDF)]. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) (in Thai). Retrieved 12 March 2024, page 18{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ "Gross Regional and Provincial Product, 2019 Edition". <>. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC). July 2019. ISSN 1686-0799. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  3. ^ "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  4. ^ a b c "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ ที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุบกษา 133 แห่ง" [National Park Area Information published in the 133 Government Gazettes]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  5. ^ "ตาราง 5 พื้นที่เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่า พ.ศ. 2562" [Table 5 Wildlife Sanctuary Areas in 2019] (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  6. ^ Cheevasitthiyanon, Supa (2018-08-20). "จังหวัดกำแพงเพชร ประกาศให้ "ปลาตะพาก" เป็นปลาประจำจังหวัด" [Kamphaeng Phet province declares "golden belly barb" as the provincial fish]. PRD (in Thai). Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  7. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 4 Kamphaeng Phet: 1 PAO, 3 Town mun., 22 Subdistrict mun., 64 SAO.
  8. ^ รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  9. ^ "สารวัตรใหญ่" [Sarawat Yai]. Thairath (in Thai).
  10. ^ "เรื่องย่อ "สารวัตรใหญ่"" [Synopsis of "Sarawat Yai"]. Manager Online (in Thai). 2019-01-09. Retrieved 2023-10-03.

External links[edit]