Kampo list

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Kampō (or Kanpō, 漢方) medicine is the Japanese study and adaptation of Traditional Chinese medicine. Today in Japan, Kampo is integrated into the national health care system. In 1967, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare approved 4 kampo medicines for reimbursement under the National Health Insurance (NHI) program. In 1976, 82 kampo medicines were approved by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Currently, 148 kampo medicines are approved for reimbursement. [1]

Rather than modifying formulas as in Traditional Chinese medicine, the Japanese kampo tradition uses fixed combinations of herbs in standardized proportions according to the classical literature of Chinese medicine. Kampo medicines are produced by various manufacturers. However, each medicine is composed of exactly the same ingredients under the Ministry's standardization methodology. The medicines are therefore prepared under strict manufacturing conditions that rival pharmaceutical companies.

Extensive modern scientific research in Japan has validated the effectiveness of kampo medicines[citation needed]. In October, 2000 a nationwide study was carried out that reported that 72% of registered physicians prescribe kampo medicines [2]. The two leading companies making kampo medicines are Tsumura (ツムラ) and Kracie (クラシエ) the former name Kanebō (カネボウ) [3].

The following list are the kampo medicines produced by Tsumura. Many kampo medicines were borrowed from China. The Chinese name for the formula the kampo medicine is based on is listed below. However, the formula usually doesn't completely match the original Chinese formula. Often the proportions of the herbs were changed slightly. Also some Chinese species of herbs were replaced with herbs found in Japan.

Romaji Kanji Hiragana Kampo # Pinyin Chinese (S)
Anchū-san 安中散 あんちゅうさん 5
Bakumondō-tō 麦門冬湯 ばくもんどうとう 29
Bōfū-tsūshō-san 防風通聖散 ぼうふうつうしょうさん 62 fáng fēng tōng shèng wán 防風通圣丸
Bōi-ōgi-tō 防已黄耆湯 ぼういおうぎとう 20 fáng jǐ huáng qí wán 防己黃耆丸
Bukuryō-in 茯苓飲 ぶくりょういん 69
Bukuryō-in-gō-hange-kōboku-tō 茯苓飲合半夏厚朴湯 ぶくりょういんごうはんげこうぼくとう 116
Byakko-ka-ninjin-tō 白虎加人参湯 びゃっこかにんじんとう 34 bái hǔ tāng wán 白虎湯丸
Chikujo-untan-tō 竹じょ温胆湯 ちくじょうんたんとう 91
Chōi-jōki-tō 調胃承気湯 ちょういじょうきとう 74
Chorei-tō 猪苓湯 ちょれいとう 40
Chorei-tō-gō-shimotsu-tō 猪苓湯合四物湯 ちょれいとうごうしもつとう 112
Chōtō-san 釣藤散 ちょうとうさん 47
Dai-bōfū-tō 大防風湯 だいぼうふうとう 97
Dai-jōki-tō 大承気湯 だいじょうきとう 133
Dai-kenchū-tō 大建中湯 だいけんちゅうとう 100
Daiō-botanpi-tō 大黄牡丹皮湯 だいおうぼたんぴとう 33
Daiō-kanzō-tō 大黄甘草湯 だいおうかんぞうとう 84
Dai-saiko-tō 大柴胡湯 だいさいことう 8 dà chái hú wán 大柴胡丸
Eppi-ka-jutsu-tō 越婢加朮湯 えっぴかじゅつとう 28
Goko-tō 五虎湯 ごことう 95
Gorei-san 五苓散 ごれいさん 17 wǔ líng sǎn wán 五苓散丸
Gorin-san 五淋散 ごりんさん 56
Goshaku-san 五積散 ごしゃくさん 63
Gosha-jinki-gan 牛車腎気丸 ごしゃじんきがん 107
Goshūyu-tō 呉茱萸湯 ごしゅうとう 31
Hachimi-jiō-gan 八味地黄丸 はちみじおうがん 7 bāwèi dìhuáng wán 八味地黄丸
Hainō-san-kyū-tō 排膿散及湯 はいのうさんきゅうとう 122
Hange-byakujutsu-tenma-tō 半夏白朮天麻湯 はんげびゃくじゅつてんまとう 37
Hange-kōboku-tō 半夏厚朴湯 はんげこうぼくとう 16 bàn xià hòu pō wán 半夏厚樸丸
Hange-shashin-tō 半夏瀉心湯 はんげしゃしんとう 14
Heii-san 平胃散 へいいさん 79 píng wèi sǎn wán 平胃散丸
Hochū-ekki-tō 補中益気湯 ほちゅうえっきとう 41 bǔ zhōng yì qì wán 补中益气丸
Inchin-gorei-san 茵ちん五苓散 いんちんごれいさん 117 yīnchén wǔlíng sǎn 茵陈五苓散
Inchinkō-tō 茵ちん蒿湯 いんちんこうとう 135
Irei-tō 胃苓湯 いれいとう 115
Ji-daboku-ippō 治打撲一方 ぢだぼくいっぽう 89
Jiin-kōka-tō 滋陰降火湯 じいんこうかとう 93
Jiin-shihō-tō 滋陰至宝湯 じいんしほうとう 92
Jinso-in 参蘇飲 じんそいん 66
Ji-zusō-ippō 治頭瘡一方 ぢずそういっぽう 59
Junchō-tō 潤腸湯 じゅんちょうとう 51
Jūmi-haidoku-tō 十味敗毒湯 じゅうみはいどくとう 6
Jūzen-daiho-tō 十全大補湯 じゅうぜんだいほとう 48 shí quán dà bǔ wán 十全大补丸
Kakkon-tō 葛根湯 かっこんとう 1
Kakkon-tō-ka-senkyū-shin'i 葛根湯加川きゅう辛夷 かっこんとうかせんきゅうしんい 2
Kami-kihi-tō 加味帰脾湯 かみきひとう 137
Kami-shōyō-san 加味逍遙散 かみしょうようさん 24 jiā wèi xiāo yáo wán 加味逍遙丸
Kan-baku-daisō-tō 甘麦大棗湯 かんばくだいそうとう 72 gān mài dà zǎo wán 甘麥大棗丸
Keigai-rengyō-tō 荊芥連翹湯 けいがいれんぎょうとう 50
Keihi-tō 啓脾湯 けいひとう 128
Keishi-tō 桂枝湯 けいしとう 45 guì zhī tāng wán 桂枝湯丸
Keishi-bukuryō-gan 桂枝茯苓丸 けいしぶくりょうがん 25 guì zhī fú líng wán 桂枝茯苓丸
Keishi-bukuryō-gan-ka-yokui'nin 桂枝茯苓丸加よく苡仁 けいしぶくりょうがんかよくいにん 125 guì zhī fú líng wán 桂枝茯苓丸
Keishi-ka-jutsubu-tō 桂枝加朮附湯 けいしかじゅつぶとう 18
Keishi-ka-ryūkotsu-borei-tō 桂枝加竜骨牡蛎湯 けいしかりゅうこつぼれいとう 26
Keishi-ka-shakuyaku-tō 桂枝加芍薬湯 けいしかしゃくやくとう 60
Keishi-ka-shakuyaku-daiō-tō 桂枝加芍薬大黄湯 けいしかしゃくやくだいおうとう 134
Keishi-ninjin-tō 桂枝人参湯 けいしにんじんとう 82
Kihi-tō 帰脾湯 きひとう 65 guī pí wán 归脾丸
Kikyō-tō 桔梗湯 ききょうとう 138 jié gěng wán 桔梗丸
Kōso-san 香蘇散 こうそさん 70
Kyūki-kyōgai-tō きゅう帰膠艾湯 きゅうききょうがいとう 77
Ma-kyō-kan-seki-tō 麻杏甘石湯 まきょうかんせきとう 55
Ma-kyō-yoku-kan-tō 麻杏よく甘湯 まきょうよくかんとう 78
Maō-tō 麻黄湯 まおうとう 27 má huáng tāng wán 麻黃湯丸
Maō-bushi-saishin-tō 麻黄附子細辛湯 まおうぶしさいしんとう 127
Mashinin-gan 麻子仁丸 ましにんがん 126 má zǐ rén wán 麻子仁丸
Moku-boi-tō 木防已湯 もくぼういとう 36
Nichin-tō 二陳湯 にちんとう 81 èr chén wán 二陳丸
Nijutsu-tō 二朮湯 にじゅつとう 88
Ninjin-tō 人参湯 にんじんとう 32 rén shēn bài dú wán 人參敗毒丸
Ninjin-yōei-tō 人参養栄湯 にんじんようえいとう 108
Nyoshin-san 女神散 にょしんさん 67
Ōgi-kenchū-tō 黄耆建中湯 おうぎけんちゅうとう 98
Ōren-tō 黄連湯 おうれんとう 120 huáng lián sù wán 黃連素丸
Ōren-gedoku-tō 黄連解毒湯 おうれんげどくとう 15 huáng lián jiě dú wán 黃連解毒丸
Otsuji-tō 乙字湯 おつじとう 3
Rikkō-san 立効散 りっこうさん 110
Rikkunshi-tō 六君子湯 りっくんしとう 43 liù jūn zǐ wán 六君子丸
Rokumi-gan 六味丸 ろくみがん 87 liù wèi dì huáng wán 六味地黄丸
Ryō-kan-kyo-mi-shin-ge-nin-tō 苓甘姜味辛夏仁湯 りょうかんきょみしんげにんとう 119
Ryō-kei-jutsu-kan-tō 苓桂朮甘湯 りょうけいじゅつかんとう 39 líng guì zhú gān tāng 苓桂术甘汤
Ryō-kyo-jutsu-kan-tō 苓姜朮甘湯 りょうきょじゅつかんとう 118
Ryūtan-shakan-tō 竜胆瀉肝湯 りゅうたんしゃかんとう 76 lóng dǎn xiè gān wán 龍膽瀉肝丸
Saiboku-tō 柴朴湯 さいぼくとう 96
Saikan-tō 柴陥湯 さいかんとう 73
Saiko-ka-ryūkotsu-borei-tō 柴胡加竜骨牡蛎湯 さいこかりゅうこつぼれいとう 12
Saiko-keishi-tō 柴胡桂枝湯 さいこけいしとう 10
Saiko-keishi-kankyō-tō 柴胡桂枝乾姜湯 さいこけいしかんきょうとう 11
Saiko-seikan-tō 柴胡清肝湯 さいこせいかんとう 80 chái hú shū gān wán 柴胡舒肝丸
Sairei-tō 柴苓湯 さいれいとう 114
Sanmotsu-ōgon-tō 三物黄ごん湯 さんもつおうごんとう 121
San'ō-shashin-tō 三黄瀉心湯 さんおうしゃしんとう 113
Sansonin-tō 酸棗仁湯 さんそにんとう 103 suān zǎo rén tāng piàn 酸棗仁湯片
Seihai-tō 清肺湯 せいはいとう 90 qīng fèi yì huǒ piàn 清肺抑火片
Seijō-bōfū-tō 清上防風湯 せいじょうぼうふうとう 58
Seishin-renshi-in 清心蓮子飲 せいしんれんしいん 111
Seisho-ekki-tō 清暑益気湯 せいしょえっきとう 136
Senkyū-chachō-san 川きゅう茶調散 せんきゅうちゃちょうさん 124
Sha-kanzō-tō 炙甘草湯 しゃかんぞうとう 64 zhì gān cǎo wán 炙甘草丸
Shakuyaku-kanzō-tō 芍薬甘草湯 しゃくやくかんぞうとう 68 sháo yào gān cǎo wán 芍藥甘草丸
Shichimotsu-kōka-tō 七物降下湯 しちもつこうかとう 46
Shigyaku-san 四逆散 しぎゃくさん 35 sì nì sǎn wán 四逆散丸
Shikunshi-tō 四君子湯 しくんしとう 75 sì jūn zǐ tāng wán 四君子湯丸
Shimotsu-tō 四物湯 しもつとう 71 sì wù tāng wán 四物湯丸
Shinbu-tō 真武湯 しんぶとう 30 zhēn wǔ tāng wán 真武湯丸
Shin'i-seihai-tō 辛夷清肺湯 しんいせいはいとう 104
Shinpi-tō 神秘湯 しんぴとう 85
Shōfū-san 消風散 しょうふうさん 22 qīng qì huà tán wán 清氣化痰丸
Shō-hange-ka-bukuryō-tō 小半夏加茯苓湯 しょうはんげかぶくりょうとう 21
Shō-kenchū-tō 小建中湯 しょうけんちゅうとう 99 xiǎo jiàn zhōng wán 小健中丸
Shō-saiko-tō 小柴胡湯 しょうさいことう 9 xiǎo chái hú tāng wán 小柴胡汤丸
Shō-saiko-tō-ka-kikyō-sekkō 小柴胡湯加桔梗石膏 しょうさいことうかききょうせっこう 109 xiǎo chái hú tāng wán 小柴胡湯丸
Shō-seiryu-tō 小青竜湯 しょうせいりゅうとう 19 xiǎo qīng lóng wán 小青龍丸
Shōma-kakkon-tō 升麻葛根湯 しょうまかっこんとう 101
Sokei-kakketsu-tō 疎経活血湯 そけいかっけつとう 53 tōng qiào huó xuè wán 通竅活血丸
Tōkaku-jōki-tō 桃核承気湯 とうかくじょうきとう 61
Tōki-tō 当帰湯 とうきとう 102 dāng guī wán 當歸丸
Tōki-inshi 当帰飲子 とうきいんし 86
Tōki-kenchū-tō 当帰建中湯 とうきけんちゅうとう 123
Tōki-shakuyaku-san 当帰芍薬散 とうきしゃくやくさん 23
Tōki-shigyaku-ka-goshū-shōkyo-tō 当帰四逆加呉茱萸生姜湯 とうきしぎゃくかごしゅうしょうきょとう 38 dāng guī sì nì wán 當歸四逆丸
Tsū-dō-san 通導散 つうどうさん 105
Unkei-tō 温経湯 うんけいとう 106
Unsei-in 温清飲 うんせいいん 57
Yokuinin-tō よく苡仁湯 よくいにんとう 52
Yokukansan 抑肝散 よくかんさん 54
Yoku-kan-san-ka-chinpi-hange 抑肝散加陳皮半夏 よくかんさんかちんぴはんげ 83

OTC Kampo/Quasi Kampo[edit]

Over the counter Kampo (一般用医薬品 literally general use medicine) include some Kampo/quasi Kampo formulations that can be obtained without going to a Kampo speciality store and/or without a prescription from a doctor. They can be bought from any drugstore or even convenience stores. In Japan, there is a tendency to list all plants ingredients together as a formulation. This contrasts with the USA, where additional (and optional) plant ingredients in a formulation are listed separately as inactive ingredients, and are not covered by a patent (only the active ingredient). For example, some nasal sprays in USA with oxymetazoline HCL (the active ingredient) contain menthol and eucalyptol listed as inactive ingredients. The addition of such ingredients does not constitute a novel formulation in US.

There is no rule that states Kampo must not be mixed with Western medicines in a single formulation. Additionally, things like sustained release (徐放性製剤) have worked their way into the Kampo and TCM worlds.[1]

List[edit]

  • Takeda Pharmaceuticals Ichoyaku K (胃腸薬K) formulation, It contains a blend of the traditional Chinese Koshaheiisan (香砂平胃散) and Chinese peony root, as one of 9 other plant ingredients. There are a few versions: powder form to be mixed with water, or for convenience tablet form, but also incorporates tablet making ingredients.
  • Seirogan (正露丸)

Herbs Used in Kampo Medicines[edit]

The 14th edition of the Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP) (日本薬局方 Nihon yakkyokuhō) lists 165 herbal ingredients that are used in kampo medicines. [4] Tsumura (ツムラ) is the leading maker of kampo medicine [5]. They make 128 of the 148 kampo medicines. The most common herb in kampo medicine is Glycyrrhizae Radix (Chinese liquorice root). It is in 94 of the 128 Tsumura formulas. Other common herbs are Zingiberis Rhizoma (ginger) (51 of 128 formulas) and Paeoniae Radix (Chinese peony root) (44 of 128 formulas).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]