Kampong Cham Province

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Kampong Cham Province
កំពង់ចាម
Province
View of Kampong Cham from Hanchey Temple
View of Kampong Cham from Hanchey Temple
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Cham
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Cham
Coordinates: 11°59′N 105°27′E / 11.983°N 105.450°E / 11.983; 105.450Coordinates: 11°59′N 105°27′E / 11.983°N 105.450°E / 11.983; 105.450
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalKampong Cham Municipality
Government
 • GovernorKouch Chamroeun (CPP)
 • National Assembly
10 / 125
Area
 • Total4,549 km2 (1,756 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 18th
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total928,694
 • RankRanked 4th
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 5th
Time zoneUTC+07
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-3
Districts10
Communes109
Villages916

Kampong Cham (Khmer: ខេត្តកំពង់ចាម, IPA: [kɑmpɔːŋ caːm], "Port of the Chams") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located on the central lowlands of the Mekong River. It borders the provinces of Kampong Chhnang to the west, Kampong Thom and Kratié to the north, Tbong Khmum to the east, and Prey Veng and Kandal to the south. Kampong Cham was officially divided into two provinces on 31 December 2013 in what was seen by many as a political move by the ruling party.[2][3] All land west of the Mekong remained Kampong Cham while land east of the river became Tbong Khmum province. Prior to this division, Kampong Cham extended eastward to the international border with Vietnam, was the eleventh largest province in Cambodia, and with a population of 1,680,694, was the most populous province in Cambodia. Its capital and largest city is Kampong Cham.

Etymology[edit]

Kampong Cham means "Port of the Chams" in Khmer. Kampong means port, harbor. Cham refers to the ethnic Cham people living in the province. The word Kampong in Cham is shared in other Austronesian language, the Malaysian and Indonesian, both mean village. A symbol the province is known for is two snakes wrapped around each other, which located at the capital city bridge, Kampong Cham.

Geography[edit]

Houses on the border of the Mekong river

Kampong Cham is primarily lowlands. The main river is the Mekong River which forms the eastern border of the province, separating it from Tbong Khmum province.

Administration[edit]

Kampong Cham is subdivided into 9 districts and 1 municipality which in turn are subdivided into communes (khum) which are further divided into villages (phum).[4] The province formerly consisted of 16 districts, however a request by Hun Sen's government to split the province in two was made after his ruling Cambodian People's Party (CPP) lost the province to the opposition in the July 2013 elections.[3] The CPP won only eight of the available 18 National Assembly seats in Hun Sen's home province. The request, which was ostensibly made in order to improve administrative efficiency in the large province, was approved by King Sihamoni on 31 December 2013. The 10 districts that remain in Khampong Cham province overwhelmingly voted for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, led by Sam Rainsy, while five of the six districts cut out from Kampong Cham to form Tbong Khmum Province were won solidly by the CPP.[2]

ISO Code District Khmer
03-01 Batheay ស្រុកបាធាយ
03-02 Chamkar Leu ស្រុកចំការលើ
03-03 Cheung Prey ស្រុកជើងព្រៃ
03-05 Kampong Cham Municipality ក្រុងកំពង់ចាម
03-06 Kampong Siem ស្រុកកំពង់សៀម
03-07 Kang Meas ស្រុកកងមាស
03-08 Koh Sotin ស្រុកកោះសូទិន
03-13 Prey Chhor ស្រុកព្រៃឈរ
03-14 Srey Santhor ស្រុកស្រីសន្ធរ
03-15 Steung Trang ស្រុកស្ទឹងត្រង់

Politics[edit]

The last General elections were held on 28 July 2013, where the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) won a majority with 51.88% (457,819) of the popular vote, compared to the CPP with (376,182). The CNRP won 10 seats, while the CPP won 8 seats in Parliament. Kampong Cham was one of the five provinces that supported the opposition CNRP in 2013, despite the province being Hun Sen's birthplace.

Provincial council[edit]

Party Parliament Provincial council
Cambodian People's Party 8 12
Cambodia National Rescue Party 10 9

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
  2. ^ a b Mom, Kunthear; Kevin Ponniah (10 January 2014). "Kampong Cham's great divide". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b Phorn, Bopha; Alex Willemyns (10 January 2014). "Government Creates New CPP-Majority Province". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Kampong Cham Administration". Royal Government of Cambodia. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-01-20.

External links[edit]