Kampong Chhnang Province

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Kampong Chhnang Province

ខេត្តកំពង់ឆ្នាំង
Traditional Rice Harvesting in Kampong Chhnang
Traditional Rice Harvesting in Kampong Chhnang
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Chhnang Province
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalKampong Chhnang Municipality
Government
 • GovernorChhouk Chandoeun
Area
 • Total5,521.0 km2 (2,131.7 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 14th
Population
 (2011)
 • Total472,616
 • RankRanked 14th
 • Density86/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 16th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeKH-4

Kampong Chhnang (Khmer: ខេត្តកំពង់ឆ្នាំង, IPA: [kɑmpɔːŋ cʰnaːŋ], "Port of Pottery") is one of the central provinces (khaet) of Cambodia. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kampong Thom, Kampong Cham, Kandal, Kampong Speu and Pursat. The capital city of Kampong Chhnang Province is Kampong Chhnang.[1][2]

Etymology[edit]

Kampong Chhnang in Khmer means "port of pottery" or "pottery harbor". Kampong in Khmer translates as port or harbor. The word Kampong is shared in other Austrasiatic languages, the Malaysian and Indonesian, both meaning "village." Chhnang in the Khmer language means "pottery."

Geography[edit]

Kampong Channang is a small province 91 kilometres (57 mi) from Phnom Penh. It is in the alluvial plain of central Cambodia and is drained by the Tonle Sap, a tributary of the Mekong river. The capital city of Phnom Penh has grown until it actually encompasses the provincial border of Kampong Chhnang.[3]

History[edit]

The name translates from Khmer literally to Port of Pottery. Archaeological remains from the area have revealed among many other findings artifacts from Dvaravati, a former kingdom in present-day Thailand, dating to the 6th through 11th centuries.[citation needed]

Kampong Chhnang Province centuries ago was a coastal city on the route between China and India; due to sedimentation from the Mekong river, the coast line moved much farther to sea. When the Tonle Sap river changed its course, the city lost its main water source and thus was deserted, the population moving to a city called Kampong Tralach. A city gradually formed around it, bring new life to Kampong Chhnang. A museum presents the archaeological record of the city's history.

Group of Palm Trees in Kampong Chhnang Province

Symbols[edit]

The provincial tree is Diospyros decandra. The provincial slogan is sweet pomelos, delicious rice, beautiful young ladies.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 7 districts and 1 municipality. The districts are further subdivided into 65 communes (khum) and 478 villages (phum). There is one city and 14 townships. There are also 102 khum administrative organizations (KAO).[4][5][6]

ISO Code District Khmer
04-01 Baribour ស្រុកបរិបូណ៌
04-02 Chol Kiri ស្រុកជលគិរី
04-03 Kampong Chhnang Municipality ក្រុងកំពង់ឆ្នាំង
04-04 Kampong Leaeng ស្រុកកំពង់លែង
04-05 Kampong Tralach ស្រុកកំពង់ត្រឡាច
04-06 Rolea B'ier ស្រុករលាប្អៀរ
04-07 Sameakki Mean Chey ស្រុកសាមគ្គីមានជ័យ
04-08 Tuek Phos ស្រុកទឹកផុស

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Official Tourism website of Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia". Kampong Chhnang Official Tourism Website. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  2. ^ "Introduction - Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia". Tourism of Cambodia. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  3. ^ "Geography - Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia". Tourism of Cambodia. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "Kampong Chhnang Province" (PDF). Cambodia investment. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  5. ^ "Map 4. Administrative Areas in Kampong Chhnang Province by District and Commune" (PDF). Stat Gov Japan. Archived from the original on February 7, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Map - Kampong Chhnang, Cambodia". Canby Publications Co. Retrieved December 3, 2016.

External links[edit]