Kampong Thom Province

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Kampong Thom Province
ខេត្តកំពង់ធំ
Province
Phnom Santuk
Phnom Santuk
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Coordinates: 12°42′N 104°53′E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883Coordinates: 12°42′N 104°53′E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalStueng Saen Municipality
Government
 • GovernorUth Sam An (CPP)
Area
 • Total13,814 km2 (5,334 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 2nd
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total708,398
 • RankRanked 11th
 • Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 17th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-6
Districts8

Kampong Thom (Khmer: កំពង់ធំ, IPA: [kɑmpɔːŋ tʰom], "Great Port") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Siem Reap to the northwest, Preah Vihear to the north, Stung Treng to the northeast, Kratie to the east, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang to the south, and the Tonle Sap to the west.

The provincial capital is Stung Saen, a town of approximately 30,000 people on the banks of the Stung Sen River.

Kampong Thom is Cambodia's second largest province by area. There are a number of significant Angkorian sites in the area, including Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk and Prasat Andet temples. As one of the nine provinces bordering Tonle Sap Lake, Kampong Thom is part of the Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Kampong Thom in Khmer means "great port" or "great harbor". Kampong in Khmer translates as port or harbor. The word Kampong is shared in other Austronesian languages, the Malaysian and Indonesian, both meaning "village." Thom in the Khmer language means "big," "grand," or "large."

Administration[edit]

The province is subdivided into 7 districts and 1 municipality.

ISO Code District Khmer
06-01 Baray ស្រុកបារាយណ៍
06-02 Kampong Svay ស្រុកកំពង់ស្វាយ
06-03 Stueng Saen Municipality ក្រុងស្ទឹងសែន
06-04 Prasat Balangk ស្រុកប្រាសាទបល្ល័ង្ក
06-05 Prasat Sambour ស្រុកប្រាសាទសម្បូរ
06-06 Sandaan ស្រុកសណ្ដាន់
06-07 Santuk ស្រុកសន្ទុក
06-08 Stoung ស្រុកស្ទោង

History[edit]

The previous name of the province was Kampong Pous Thom (Port/City of the Great Snakes). According to local legend, at a lakeside dock near the Sen River, a pair of large snakes inhabited a nearby cave. On every Buddhist holiday, the snakes would make appearances to the people nearby who then began to refer to the area as Kampong Pous Thom. Eventually the snakes disappeared and the name was shortened to Kampong Thom. During the Colonial Cambodia period, the French divided Cambodian territory into provinces and named most of them according to the local popular names for the respective areas.

Kampong Thom was a powerful capital in Southeast Asia during the Funan period.[citation needed] Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk, dating from the Chenla Era, is in Kampong Thom Province.[3]

The ancient temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk in northern Kampong Thom.

Geography[edit]

Two of the three core areas in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve are located in Kampong Thom.

Prey Pras, Kampong Thom

Economy[edit]

Kampong Thom Province is rich in tourism potential, attracting tourists with its exotic lakes, rivers, forests, mountains and more than 200 ancient temples.

Much of Kampong Thom is located on the floodplain of the Tonlé Sap lake. In 2003–04, it was a significant producer of wild fish (18,800 tons) and the fourth largest producer of fish through aquaculture in Cambodia (1,800 tons). Most of the fish-raising is done by home production, with a growing segment devoted to rice field aquaculture.[5]

Kampong Thom is also one of the largest producers of cashew nuts in Cambodia, with 6,371 hectares under production in 2003–04.[6]

The province is one of the largest producer of cashews in the country.
Rice paddies in Baray District.
Irrigation canals and farmlands

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 – Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
  2. ^ http://www.tsbr-ed.org
  3. ^ Kubo, Sumiko; Shimamoto, Sae; Nagumo, Naoko; Yamagata, Mariko; Him, Sophorn; So, Sokuntheary; Chang, Vitharong; Lun, Votey; Shimoda, Ichita; Nakagawa, Takeshi (March 2012). "Geomorphology, Archaeo-stratigraphy, and 14C Ages of Sambor Prei Kuk Pre-Angkorean Site, Central Cambodia" (PDF). BULLETIN of the Graduate School of Education of Waseda University. 22. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  4. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, p. 72.
  5. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, pp. 78–81.
  6. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, The Fruit Crops: Agricultural Statistics, 2003–04, Phnom Penh, 2004.

External links[edit]

Official Website