|• Type||City Municipality|
|• Mayor||Neak Sovannary|
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
Kampot (Khmer: ក្រុងកំពត) is a city in southern Cambodia and the capital of Kampot Province. It is on the Praek Tuek Chhu River southeast of the Elephant Mountains and around 5 km (3 mi) from the Gulf of Thailand. Kampot was the capital of the Circonscription Résidentielle de Kampot under French rule and Cambodia's most important seaport after the loss of the Mekong Delta and before the establishment of Sihanoukville. Its center is, unlike most Cambodian provincial capitals, composed of 19th century French colonial architecture. The region and town are known for high quality pepper, which is exported worldwide. It is also known for its Kampot fish sauce, and durian.
Under 19th century French colonial administration Kampot became a regional administrative centre with the status of a state border district as a result of the delimitation of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The Circonscription Résidentielle de Kampot contained the arrondissements of Kampot, Kompong-Som, Trang, and Kong-Pisey.
In 1889 French colonial census reports a multi-ethnic community: Kampot town consisted of "Cambodian Kampot" on the Prek-Kampot River and "Chinese Kampot" on the right riverbank of the west branch of the Prek-Thom River. Nearby was also a Vietnamese village, called Tien-Thanh and another Vietnamese village on Traeuy Koh Island. A Malay enclave also existed on Traeuy Koh Island. Additional villages of mixed ethnicity are listed.
Crime and security
Whilst considered largely safe, Kampot still faces a number of challenges related to crime, security, and safety, particularly involving tourists and foreign residents. Despite some efforts to provide better security and policing, local authorities have been criticized in recent years for their response to a number of high profile serious crimes, including rapes and murders, that were dealt with poorly. As in neighbouring Sihanoukville, police in Kampot have been accused of corruption, drug trafficking and drug use, and links to organized crime. Some members of Kampot's expatriate community have also faced criticism for alleged attempts to censor, cover up, and control any negative news or reviews about the city, its businesses, and inhabitants, especially on social media groups and pages.
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- Khuon, Narim (10 February 2017). "Three Kampot Police Officers Test Positive for Meth Use". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- Chanveasna, Ros (19 January 2017). "Cop arrested for drug trafficking". Khmer Times. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- Reaksmey Kongkea, Buth (21 September 2016). "Former Police Nabbed With Drugs". Khmer Times. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
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- Laurenson, Jack (20 January 2016). "Foreigners Accused of Running Underground Drug Network Acquitted in Expedited Trial". Khmer Times. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
Kampot travel guide from Wikivoyage
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