Teuk Chhou River
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampot
|• Governor||Cheav Tay (CPP)|
|• Total||4,873 km2 (1,881 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 17th|
|• Rank||Ranked 12th|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 9th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (Cambodia)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-7|
Kampot (Khmer: ខេត្តកំពត IPA: [kɑmpɔːt]) is a (south west province) province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Koh Kong and Kampong Speu to the north, Takeo and Kep and Vietnam to the east and Sihanoukville to the west. To its south it has a coastline of around 45 km on the Gulf of Thailand. It is rich in low arable lands and has abundant natural resources. Its capital is Kampot town.
Under 19th century French colonial administration Kampot became a regional administrative center with the status of a state border district as a result of the delimitation of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The Circonscription Résidentielle de Kampot contained the arrondissements of Kampot, Kompong-Som, Trang and Kong-Pisey.
In 1889 French colonial census reports a multi-ethnic community: Kampot town consisted of "Cambodian Kampot" on the Prek-Kampot River and "Chinese Kampot" on the right riverbank of the west branch of the Prek-Thom River. Nearby was also a Vietnamese village, called Tien-Thanh and another Vietnamese village on Traeuy Koh Island. A Malay also existed on Traeuy Koh Island. Additional villages of mixed ethnicity are listed.
Khmer Rouge era
Destruction and mass murder happened throughout the whole area of Kampot province, as the Cambodian genocide and bloody massacres engulfed Kampot province under the terror of Khmer Rouge rule. A total 90,450 persons were massacred throughout the province.
- Kampot Black Pepper is a specialized product, protected by GI law, totaling 13 ha and a harvesting area of 10.50 ha located in Domnak Kantoul, Kang Tboung Commune, Kompong Trach District.
- Durian, another specialized product totaling 537 ha and yielding 10,657 tons located in Makbrang Commune, Tek Chhou district.
- Rubber, plantation area: 20 ha
- Cambodia sea salt: produced from natural sea water in a four-stage production process, cultivation area is 4,475.94 hectares, yields are approximately 140,000 tons per year.
Forestry and mining
- Forestry area: 227,154 ha
- 48 Mineral production and mining areas
- Historical/cultural areas: 4 places
- Wildlife sanctuaries and protected areas: Preah Monivong National Park at 140,000 hectares
The province is subdivided into 8 districts.
- 0701 Angkor Chey - អង្គរជ័យ
- 0702 Banteay Meas - បន្ទាយមាស
- 0703 Chhuk - ឈូក
- 0704 Chum Kiri - ជុំគិរី
- 0705 Dang Tong - ដងទង់
- 0706 Kampong Trach - កំពង់ត្រាច
- 0707 Tuek Chhou, changed from Kampot district in 2008 - ស្រុកទឹកឈូ បានប្ដូរឈ្មោះមកពីស្រុកកំពតឆ្នាំ២០០៨
- 0708 Krong Kampot, changed from Kampong Bay in 2008 - ក្រុងកំពត បានប្ដូរឈ្មោះពីស្រុកកំពង់បាយឆ្នាំ២០០៨
- "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
- "List of Islands". Cambodia islands – Island Species Cambodia. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- Kampot Data Book 2009 (PDF). National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD). October 2009. p. 15.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. xviii.
- "Kampot of the Belle Époque: From the Outlet of Cambodia to a Colonial Resort - After colonization by the French..." (PDF). Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
- "The History of the Vinh Te Canal". UNREPRESENTED NATIONS AND PEOPLES ORGANIZATION. January 27, 2004. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
- "Kampot of the Belle Époque: From the Outlet of Cambodia to a Colonial Resort - When the French installed the Résidence,..." (PDF). Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
- "Kampot Province". Cambodia Advisor. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
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