Kanabec County, Minnesota

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Kanabec County
Kanabec County Courthouse in Mora (2007)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kanabec County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°57′N 93°18′W / 45.95°N 93.3°W / 45.95; -93.3
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 13, 1858 (created)
1882 (fully organized)
Named forSnake River
SeatMora
Largest cityMora
Area
 • Total534 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Land522 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  2.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
16,207
 • Density30.7/sq mi (11.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.kanabeccounty.org

Kanabec County (/kəˈnbɪk/ kə-NAY-bik) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 16,239.[1] Its county seat is Mora.[2]

History[edit]

The Minnesota legislature authorized creation of Kanabec County on March 13, 1858,[3] with territory partitioned from Pine County. No county seat was designated at that time, and the county organization was not effected at that time. The county name came from the Ojibwe term ginebig, meaning "snake," after the Snake RiverKanabecosippi (Ginebigo-ziibi in the modern spelling) — which flows through the county.[4]

The area of Kanabec County was attached to Chisago County for administrative and judicial purposes. What county business was handled locally was performed by part-time County Auditor and County Treasurer, in a single room in a stopping place operated by lumber-trader George Staples at Millet Rapids.

In 1871 the county was detached from Chisago, and assigned to Pine County. This assignment lasted through 1881.

The 1870 US Census listed 53 occupants of the Kanabec County area. However, an influx of settlers into its southern areas occurred in the early 1870s, and by 1876 an official county building was needed. A one-room wood building was erected at Millet Rapids, put into use in 1876. In 1881 the county was detached from Pine, and the government structure was finalized, with the county seat being designated at Brunswick. Only one court term was held at Brunswick; in the 1882 general election, a nearly-unanimous vote designated Mora as the county seat. The old courthouse building was sold to a local farmer, who moved it to his property to use as a home. The wood courthouse erected at Mora was used until 1894, when it burned and was replaced by a more fireproof building.[5]

Geography[edit]

The Snake River flows south-southeasterly through the central part of the county, fed by Groundhouse River (flowing northeasterly from the county's SW corner) and Red Creek and Mud Creek. The Snake continues easterly into Pine County. The county terrain consists of partly-wooded rolling hills, etched by drainages. It is largely devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest point near the NW corner, at 1,309' (399m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 534 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 522 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.3%) is water.[8]

Sunset over Fish Lake in Kanabec County

Lakes[6][edit]

  • Ann Lake
  • Bachman Dam
  • Bass Lake (part)
  • Beauty Lake
  • Featherbed Lake
  • Fish Lake
  • Knife Lake
  • Lake Eleven
  • Lake Five
  • Lake Full of Fish
  • Lewis Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Pennington Lake
  • Pomroy Lake
  • Rice Lake
  • Thirteen Lake
  • White Lily Lake

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Ann Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Bean Dam State Wildlife Management Area
  • Hay-Snake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rice Creek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rum River State Forest (part)
  • Tosher Creek State Wildlife Management Area
  • Whited State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186030
187093210.0%
1880505443.0%
18901,579212.7%
19004,614192.2%
19106,46140.0%
19209,08640.6%
19308,558−5.8%
19409,65112.8%
19509,192−4.8%
19609,007−2.0%
19709,7758.5%
198012,16124.4%
199012,8025.3%
200014,99617.1%
201016,2398.3%
Est. 201816,207[9]−0.2%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[14] there were 16,239 people and 6,277 households in the county. The population density was 31.1/sqmi (12.0/km²). There were 7,808 housing units (2014 estimate). The racial makeup of the county was 96.6% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American or Alaska Native, 0.4% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian, and 1.6% from other races or two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the 2000 census, 30.2% were of German, 18.1% Swedish, 13.1% Norwegian, 5.5% American and 5.4% Irish ancestry.

In the census of 2000, there were 5,759 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 24.0% under the age of 18 and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,068. The per capita income for the county was $22,291. About 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Kanabec County voters have moved toward the Republican Party in the past few decades; since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 67% of national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.0% 5,230 28.5% 2,327 7.6% 620
2012 53.1% 4,328 44.1% 3,593 2.8% 229
2008 52.7% 4,479 44.0% 3,743 3.3% 277
2004 54.9% 4,527 43.6% 3,592 1.6% 129
2000 51.1% 3,480 41.6% 2,831 7.3% 500
1996 32.4% 1,924 49.2% 2,927 18.5% 1,097
1992 29.8% 1,876 40.3% 2,532 29.9% 1,880
1988 45.9% 2,571 53.1% 2,970 1.0% 57
1984 52.9% 3,027 46.5% 2,660 0.7% 37
1980 45.4% 2,500 48.2% 2,654 6.4% 354
1976 36.6% 1,943 60.0% 3,188 3.4% 180
1972 51.7% 2,395 42.5% 1,969 5.8% 268
1968 43.5% 1,847 50.7% 2,154 5.8% 247
1964 33.5% 1,348 66.3% 2,666 0.3% 10
1960 54.3% 2,278 45.1% 1,890 0.6% 25
1956 52.8% 1,950 47.0% 1,736 0.2% 7
1952 55.9% 2,205 43.4% 1,714 0.7% 29
1948 38.6% 1,531 58.1% 2,305 3.4% 134
1944 51.5% 1,913 47.8% 1,776 0.7% 24
1940 50.9% 2,311 48.1% 2,185 1.1% 49
1936 33.0% 1,350 63.1% 2,579 3.9% 159
1932 35.2% 1,268 58.4% 2,106 6.4% 231
1928 68.4% 2,380 29.9% 1,040 1.8% 62
1924 47.6% 1,507 4.0% 128 48.4% 1,533
1920 75.7% 2,436 10.3% 332 14.0% 451
1916 49.0% 776 38.4% 608 12.6% 199
1912 17.0% 218 21.0% 270 62.0% 795
1908 69.5% 803 21.0% 242 9.5% 110
1904 86.1% 872 10.5% 106 3.5% 35
1900 73.4% 658 23.4% 210 3.1% 28
1896 64.1% 484 33.9% 256 2.0% 15
1892 53.5% 182 11.2% 38 35.3% 120

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Minnesota State Government Series - State Counties
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172.
  5. ^ About Us. Kanabec County website (accessed 13 March 2019)
  6. ^ a b c Kanabec County MN Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Kanabec County MN" Google Maps (accessed 13 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved September 19, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ziegler, Frank and Robert H Beck (1981). Ken-ā-big : the story of Kanabec County: an illustrated history of Kanabec County, its early years. Mora, MN: B & W Printers. ISBN 978-1-199-49133-6. ISBN 1-199-49133-0.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°57′N 93°18′W / 45.95°N 93.30°W / 45.95; -93.30