|Region||Kaohsiung County Sanmin Township Minchuan Village Area|
|Ethnicity||250 (no date)|
Kanakanavu (also spelled Kanakanabu) is a Southern Tsouic language is spoken by the Kanakanavu people, an indigenous people of Taiwan (see Taiwanese aborigines). It is a Formosan language of the Austronesian family.
The language is considered to be critically endangered.
The native Kanakanavu speakers were Taiwanese aboriginals living on the islands. Following the Dutch Colonial Period in the 17th century, Han-Chinese immigration began to dominate the islands population. The village of Takanua is a village assembled by Japanese rulers to relocate various aboriginal groups in order to establish easier dominion over these groups.
Japanese occupation left evidence of how the culture functioned. Forest clearance allowed agriculture to be the main facet of society, followed by hunting and fishing. Maize, Rice, Millet, Taro, Sweet Potatoes, beans, and soybeans were the staple crops.
There are 14 different consonant phonemes, containing only voiceless plosives within Kanakanavu. Adequate descriptions of liquid consonants become a challenge within Kanakanavu. It also contains 6 vowels plus diphthongs and triphthongs. Vowel length is often not clear if distinctive or not, as well as speakers pronouncing vowel phonemes with variance. As most Austronesian and Formosan languages, Kanakanavu has the syllable structure C V. Very few, even simple words, contain less than three to four syllables.
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- Tsuchida, Shigeru. (1976). Reconstruction of Proto-Tsouic phonology. (Study of languages and cultures of Asia and Africa : monograph series, 5.) Tokyo: Institue for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ. of Foreign Studies. 329pp. (Corrigenda and addenda slip inserted Includes index Bibliography: S. xi-xxiv).
- Tsuchida, Shigeru. (2003). Kanakanavu texts (Austronesian Formosan). (Endangered Languages of the Pacific Rim Publications Series, A3-014.) Osaka: ELPR. 133pp.