|Region||Maya Village, Namasia District, Kaohsiung City|
|Ethnicity||250 (no date)|
Kanakanavu (also spelled Kanakanabu) is a Southern Tsouic language spoken by the Kanakanavu people, an indigenous people of Taiwan (see Taiwanese aborigines). It is a Formosan language of the Austronesian family.
The language is considered to be moribund.
The native Kanakanavu speakers were Taiwanese aboriginals living on the islands. Following the Dutch Colonial Period in the 17th century, Han-Chinese immigration began to dominate the islands population. The village of Takanua is a village assembled by Japanese rulers to relocate various aboriginal groups in order to establish easier dominion over these groups.
There are 14 different consonant phonemes, containing only voiceless plosives within Kanakanavu. Adequate descriptions of liquid consonants become a challenge within Kanakanavu. It also contains 6 vowels plus diphthongs and triphthongs. Vowel length is often not clear if distinctive or not, as well as speakers pronouncing vowel phonemes with variance. As most Austronesian and Formosan languages, Kanakanavu has the syllable structure C V. Very few, even simple words, contain less than three to four syllables.
A, C, E, I, K, L, M, N, Ng, O, P, R, S, T, U, Ʉ, V, ' /ʔ.
C represents the phoneme /c/.
L represents the phonemes /ɗ/ and /ɽ/.
P represents both /ɓ/ and /p/.
/ɫ/ is spelled as hl.
|Stop||p ɓ ⟨p⟩||t||ɖ ⟨l⟩||c||k||ʔ ⟨'⟩|
|Fricative||f v||s z||h|
|Approximant||w||ɫ ⟨hl⟩||ɭ||j ⟨y⟩|
Front: i, e, a
Central: ʉ, e/ə
Back: u, o
- Kanakanabu language at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
- Kanakanavu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
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- Zeitoun & Teng (2014), abstract. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFZeitounTeng2014 (help)
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2016-09-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2016-09-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- Lehmann, C. (n.d.). Kanakanavu. Retrieved 8 February 2016, from https://web.archive.org/web/20160920061449/https://www2.uni-erfurt.de/sprachwissenschaft/Vgl_SW/kanakanavu/language-description/setting-of-language/ethnographic-situation.html
- Li, Paul Jen-Kuei (2004). "Basic Vocabulary for Formosan Languages and Dialects". Selected papers on Formosan languages (in English and Chinese). Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. ISBN 9789570184136.
- Pejros, I. (1994). Some Problems of Austronesian Accent and *T ~ *C (Notes of an Outsider). Oceanic Linguistics, 33(1), 105–127. JSTOR 3623002
- Ross, M. (2012). N Defense of Nuclear Austronesian. Language and Linguistics, 13, 1253–1330. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Tsuchida, Shigeru. (1975). Reconstruction of Proto-Tsouic Phonology. Yale University. 361pp. (Doctoral dissertation).
- Tsuchida, Shigeru. (1976). Reconstruction of Proto-Tsouic phonology. (Study of languages and cultures of Asia and Africa : monograph series, 5.) Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo Univ. of Foreign Studies. 329pp. (Corrigenda and addenda slip inserted Includes index Bibliography: S. xi-xxiv).
- Tsuchida, Shigeru. (2003). Kanakanavu texts (Austronesian Formosan). (Endangered Languages of the Pacific Rim Publications Series, A3-014.) Osaka: ELPR. 133pp.
|Kanakanabu language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|