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Otsuji campaigning in December 2012.
|Member of the House of Representatives|
|Assumed office |
October 27, 2017
|Member of the House of Councillors|
May 23, 2013 – July 28, 2013
|Born||December 16, 1974|
|Political party||Constitutional Democratic|
Kanako Otsuji (尾辻 かな子, Otsuji Kanako, born December 16, 1974 in Nara) is a Japanese LGBT rights activist and member of the House of Representatives for the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan. She is also former member of the House of Councilors, and a former member of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly (April 2003–April 2007). One of only seven women in the 110-member Osaka Assembly, Otsuji represented the Sakai-ku, Sakai City constituency. In May 2013, after her party member of the House resigned, Otsuji became the nation's first openly gay member of the Diet, but her term in office expired in July. She won a seat in the 2017 general election and became the first openly gay member of the House of Representatives.
Otsuji was born in Nara Prefecture, but grew up in Hannan, Osaka. As a schoolgirl in Kobe, Otsuji was an Asian Junior karate champion, then later enrolled at Seoul University to study Korean and tae kwon do. She lost by TKO to Yoriko Okamoto in 1999. She had hoped to go to the Sydney Olympics in 2000 but was unsuccessful in making the national team. She returned to Japan and enrolled at Doshisha University in Kyoto, where she first became interested in politics.
Otsuji stood for election as an Independent in April 2003, at 28 becoming the youngest person ever elected to the Osaka Assembly. She later joined Rainbow and Greens, a new Japanese political coalition dedicated to developing an alternative society based on ecological politics, participatory political ideas and decentralisation. She contested the 2007 House of Councillors election on the Democratic Party of Japan list for the national proportional representation block but was not elected. However, in May 2013 when incumbent member Kunihiko Muroi, Otsuji took up his spot and became the first openly homosexual Diet member. As Otsuji did not run in the 2013 House of Councillors election, she left office at the end of the term in July.
Otsuji returned to the Diet in October 2017, this time to the more powerful House of Representatives. She contested Osaka's 2nd district for the CDP. Despite finishing third in the district, she obtained a sufficiently high proportion of votes to be returned through the CDP list for the Kinki proportional representation block. Her election is another watershed for the Diet as she became the first openly gay House of Representatives member in history. She again became the only openly gay Diet member that term, a distinction she still holds as of today.
In August 2005, Otsuji published an autobiography Coming Out: A Journey to Find My True Self (カミングアウト～自分らしさを見つける旅, Kamingu auto - Jibun rashisa o mitsukeru tabi), and in doing so came out as Japan's first lesbian politician, the day before 2005 Tokyo Pride.
In 2005, Otsuji was instrumental in bringing about a legislative change that allows same-sex couples to rent housing from the Osaka Prefectural Housing Corporation, a privilege previously reserved for married couples. Since same-sex marriages are not recognised under Japanese law, gay couples in Osaka had previously found it impossible to rent public housing.
In June 2006, Otsuji visited the United States on a trip sponsored by the International Visitor Leadership Program of the US Department of State. During her visit she met representatives from the National Center for Transgender Equality, the National Association of LGBT Community Centers, the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, Freedom to Marry and the Stonewall Democrats.
In June 2007, Otsuji held a public wedding ceremony in Nagoya with her partner Maki Kimura, although same-sex marriages are not legally recognised in Japan.
Otsuji did not stand for re-election in April 2007. Her first term in the Osaka Assembly expired on 29 April 2007, but in July 2007 she appeared on the official candidate list of the Democratic Party of Japan, becoming the first-ever openly homosexual serious contender for election to the National Diet. Otsuji received 38,230 votes, far short of securing the seat, so there were no openly homosexual elected officials in Japan until the election of Taiga Ishikawa, an assemblyman in Tokyo's Toshima ward, in 2011.
August 22, 2009 is the world premiere of director Naomi Hiltz's documentary film Kanako: Challenging The System at the Vancouver Queer Film Festival. The film covers the last 17 days of the campaign, ending with election day.
- "LDP member's same-sex comment condemned as homophobic". 25 November 2017.
- "Japan's Only Openly Gay Lawmaker Says Same-Sex Marriage Will Take Years". Bloomberg. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- "First gay candidate runs in Japan". CNN Turner Broadcasting System. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-19.[dead link]
- "Japanese gay woman loses bid for parliament seat". Reuters. 29 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
- "Taiga Ishikawa, Openly Gay Japanese Politician, Wins Election In Tokyo". Huffington Post. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- Japan Times — Lesbian politician Kanako Otsuji talks about gender issues in Japan
- Japan Media Review — Osaka Legislator 'Comes Out' in Autobiography
- TransNews Annex — Japan's first openly gay politician speaks up for nation's silent minorities — IHT/Asahi
- Bay Area Reporter — Japanese politician opens closet doors
- Out of the closet: Japan's transsexuals gain freedoms, but still face barriers[permanent dead link]
- — Article on Otsuji's wedding in Pink News
- - New Beginnings for Gay Movement: Kanako Otsuji at Fridae.com (Empowering Gay Asia)
- — Japanzine - The Lesbian Politician