The Kanara or Canara region, which is also known as Coastal Karnataka, comprises three coastal districts of Karnataka, namely Uttara Kannada, Udupi and Dakshina Kannada and Kasaragod of Kerala in southwestern India. Kanara forms the southern part of the Konkan coast. The length of this region from north to south is around 300 kilometres (190 mi) and width varies from 30 to 110 kilometres (19 to 68 mi). The region is characterised by swaying palms and swift brooks running towards the Arabian Sea.
According to legend, Parashurama, an avatar of Vishnu, retrieved Kanara from the sea by throwing his axe into the sea. The sea fell back to the place where his axe fell. Hence, the region is sometimes called Parshurama Kshetra.
According to historian Severino da Silva the ancient names for this region are Kol Kannam (Tamil: no man's land) or Parashuram Srashti (creation of Parashuram). He and Stephen Fuchs sya that the name Canara is the invention of Portuguese, Dutch and English people who visited the area for trade from the early 16th century onwards. The Bednore Dynasty, under whose rule this tract was at that time, was known to them as the Kannada Dynasty, i.e., the dynasty speaking the Kannada language. The letter 'd' being always pronounced like 'r' by the Europeans, the district was named by them Kanara (or Kannada). This name was retained by the British after their occupation of the district in 1799, and has remained ever since. However, they also say that this issue is controversial.
The three districts in the region are Uttara Kannada (North Canara) whose administrative headquarters is Karwar, Udupi district whose district headquarters is Udupi, and Dakshina Kannada (South Canara), whose administrative headquarters is Mangalore. The region is bounded on the east by the Western Ghats and on the west by the Arabian Sea. The coastal strip between the Western Ghats and the sea, including Kanara and the state of Goa and coastal Maharashtra to the north, is known as the Konkan coast, while the coast of Kerala is known as the Malabar coast.It also around 350 kilometers spread coastal areas in karnataka state i.e., From Mangalore to Karwar.
Demand for Statehood
The demand for creation of a separate state of Tulu Nadu, a prosperous region of Karnataka and Kerala, is based on fact that Tuluvas are culturally very distinct from the rest of Karnataka. Spirit worship (Bhuta Kola), Serpent worship (Nagaradhane) are can see only in coastal karnataka. So this Tuluvas have been demanding a separate state, or at least autonomy. Both the Karnataka and Kerala state governments have created Tulu Sahitya Academy for the preservation and promotion of Tuluva culture, and to counter this accusation of cultural neglect.
- Silva, Severine; Stephen Fuchs (1965). The Marriage Customs of the Christians in South Canara (PDF, 2.48 MB). 2 24. Asian Folklore Studies, Nanzan University (Japan). Retrieved 2009-04-23.
- Silva, Severine (1961). History of Christianity in Canara I. Coompta, North Canara: Star of Kanara Press.