Kanara

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Canara/Kanara
ಕೆನರಾ/ಕರಾವಳಿ
Karavali
Canara region shown in Saffron
Canara region shown in Saffron
Country  India
State  Karnataka
Region Konkan / Canara
Largest city Mangalore
Headquarters Karwar, Mangalore, Udupi
Talukas Karwar, Ankola, Kumta, Honnavar, Bhatkal, Sirsi, Siddapur, Yellapur, Mundgod, Haliyal, Joida,Mangalore, Sullia, Puttur, Belthangady, Bantwal, Udupi, Karkala, Kundapur, Byndoor, Brahmavar
Area
 • Total 18,730 km2 (7,230 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,633,037
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
 • Other Tulu, Konkani, Havyaka kannada, Are Bhashe, Beary language
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration
Coastline 300 kilometres (190 mi)
Sex ratio 1040 /
Literacy 87.03% (1st in Karnataka)

The Kanara (or Canara) region of Karnataka, also known as Coastal Karnataka, comprises three coastal districts, namely Uttara Kannada (North Canara), Udupi and Dakshina Kannada (South Canara). Kanara forms the southern part of the Konkan coast. The length of this region from north to south is around 300 kilometres (190 mi) while the width varies from 30 to 110 kilometres (19 to 68 mi). The region is characterized by swaying palms and swift brooks running towards the Arabian Sea.

Etymology[edit]

Lord Parshurama commanding Lord Varuna to make the seas recede to make the Tulunadu.

According to legend, Parashurama, an avatar of Vishnu, retrieved Kanara from the sea by throwing his axe into the sea. The sea fell back to the place where his axe fell. Hence, the region is sometimes called Parshurama Kshetra.

According to historian Severino da Silva, the ancient names for this region are Kol Kannam (Tamil: no man's land) or Parashuram Srashti (creation of Parashuram).[1] He and Stephen Fuchs say that the name Canara is the invention of Portuguese, Dutch and English people who visited the area for trade from the early 16th century on wards. The Bednore Dynasty, under whose rule this tract was at that time, was known to them as the Kannada Dynasty, i.e., the dynasty speaking the Kannada language. The letter 'd' being always pronounced like 'r' by the Europeans, the district was named by them Kanara (or Kannada). This name was retained by the British after their occupation of the district in 1799, and has remained ever since. However, they also say that this issue is controversial.[2]

Culture[edit]

Dance[edit]

Yakshagana is a classical dance drama popular in the districts of Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Udupi, South Kanara in Karnataka, and Kasaragod district in Kerala. This theater art involves acting, dance, dialogue, music, songs, story and unique costumes. While dance and songs adhere to well established 'talas', very similar to classical Indian dance forms, acting and dialogues are created spontaneously on stage depending on the ability of the artists. This combination of classical and folk elements makes yakshagana unique from any other Indian art. It would be considered a form of opera to the western eye. Traditionally, yakshaganas start late in the night and run the entire night. Bagavatha, the background singer, who is also the director of the story controls the entire proceedings on stage. He/she along with the background musicians, who play 'chande' and 'maddale' form the 'himmela'. The actors who wear colorful costumes and enact various roles in the story form the 'mummela'. There are many professional troops in Karnataka. In spite of the competition from modern movie industry and television, these troops arrange ticketed shows and make a profit. Apart from the individually arranged shows in villages, inviting well known professional artists like Sri Chittani Ramachandra Hegde and Kondadakuli Ramachandra Hegde, provides an opportunity for local talents to act with the legends. Yakshagana is sometimes simply called aataā (meaning play) in both Kannada and Konkani. Yaksha-gana literally means the song (gana) of a yaksha. Yakshas were an exotic tribe mentioned in the Sanskrit literature of ancient India.

Geography[edit]

Coordinates: 14°53′N 74°35′E / 14.883°N 74.583°E / 14.883; 74.583

The three districts in the region, Uttara Kannada (North Canara), Udupi, Dakshina Kannada (South Canara) have their headquarters in Karwar, Udupi, and Mangalore respectively. The region is bounded on the east by the Western Ghats and on the west by the Arabian Sea. The coastal strip between the Western Ghats and the sea, including Kanara and the state of Goa and coastal Maharashtra to the north, is known as the Konkan coast, while the coast of Kerala is known as the Malabar coast.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Silva 1958, p. 74
  2. ^ Silva & Fuchs 1965, pp. 1§2

References[edit]

External links[edit]