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For other inhabited localities in Russia with this name, including in the Chuvash Republic, see Kanash (inhabited locality).
Kanash (English)
Канаш (Russian)
Канаш (Chuvash)
-  Town[1]  -
Main street Kanash from park.jpeg
Lenina Avenue in Kanash
Map of Russia - Chuvash Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Chuvash Republic in Russia
Kanash is located in Chuvash Republic
Location of Kanash in the Chuvash Republic
Coordinates: 55°30′N 47°29′E / 55.500°N 47.483°E / 55.500; 47.483Coordinates: 55°30′N 47°29′E / 55.500°N 47.483°E / 55.500; 47.483
Coat of Arms of Kanash (Chuvashia).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of July 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chuvash Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Kanash[1]
Administrative center of Town of Kanash,[1] Kanashsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2011)
Urban okrug Kanash Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kanash Urban Okrug,[2] Kanashsky Municipal District[2]
Head[citation needed] Lyudmila Ivanova[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 45,607 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1891[citation needed]
Town status since 1925[citation needed]
Previous names Shikhrany (until 1925)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 429330, 429332–429337, 429340, 429349
Official website
Kanash on WikiCommons

Kanash (Russian: Кана́ш; Chuvash: Канаш, Kanaš, lit. soviet) is a town in the Chuvash Republic, Russia, located at a major railway junction 76 kilometers (47 mi) from Cheboksary, the capital of the republic. Population: 45,607 (2010 Census);[3] 50,593 (2002 Census);[6] 54,585 (1989 Census).[7]


It was founded in 1891.[citation needed] Between 1891 and 1925 it was called Shikhrany (Шихраны).[citation needed]

The town's history is closely linked to the development of the railway. The MoscowKazan line was completed, except for the Imperatorsky Romanovsky railway bridge across Volga, in December 1884 by private Moscow Ryazan Railway Company which was renamed to Moscow Kazan Railway Company on July 11, 1891, which provided all train service in the area up to 1918, when all the remaining private railways were nationalized by the Bolsheviks.

The opening of the station, which was then surrounded by woodland, provided a convenient production point for the timber industry, and windmills were built in the area. In 1911, there were more than forty trading firms in Shikhrany. In 1912, a primary school was opened, and in 1914—a middle school. In 1919, Shikhrany station became a railway junction, when the Arzamas–Shikhrany line, which had been under construction from 1914, when the last section was completed from the Tsarkli River bridge to Shihrany, and opened to full traffic. The line had been in restricted use with limited car loads since summer 1917.

By 1925, when Kanash was granted town status, its population was 2,323.[citation needed]

Another station was built in 1926 for goods transit. The first power station, which supplied electricity to the railway station, portions of the town, and thirteen nearby villages, was constructed in 1929.

Construction of the Kanash–Cheboksary line began in 1939, bringing the number of lines connecting Kanash up to four.

During World War II, railway production facilities and transit capacity were substantially increased.

From the 1950s to the 1970s, local industry was diversified. Factories producing furniture, tools, polymers, and plastics, and car repair factories were built.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kanash serves as the administrative center of Kanashsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of republic significance of Kanash—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Kanash is incorporated as Kanash Urban Okrug.[2]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #28
  2. ^ a b c d Law #37
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 


  • Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №28 от 19 декабря 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чувашской Республики», в ред. Закона №37 от 30 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чувашской Республики и признании утратившим силу Закона Чувашской Республики "О едином балансе активов и пассивов Чувашской Республики"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Государственного Совета ЧР", №23, 1998. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #28 of December 19, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Chuvash Republic, as amended by the Law #37 of July 30, 2013 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of the Chuvash Republic and on Abrogating the Law of the Chuvash Republic "On Consolidated Balance of Assets and Liabilities of the Chuvash Republic". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №37 от 24 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа», в ред. Закона №80 от 25 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Чувашской Республики "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №49-50, 30 ноября 2004 г. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #37 of November 24, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #80 of November 25, 2011 On Amending the Law of the Chuvash Republic "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.).