Kanbara, Shizuoka

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Former municipality
Location of Kanbara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Kanbara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Kanbara is located in Japan
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°06′57″N 138°35′42″E / 35.1159°N 138.5949°E / 35.1159; 138.5949Coordinates: 35°06′57″N 138°35′42″E / 35.1159°N 138.5949°E / 35.1159; 138.5949
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
District Ihara
Merged March 31, 2006
(now part of Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka)
 • Total 14.69 km2 (5.67 sq mi)
Population (March 1, 2006)
 • Total 12,777
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Tree Pine
 • Flower Rhododendron
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)

Kanbara (蒲原町, Kanbara-chō) was a town located in Ihara District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of March 1, 2006, the town had an estimated population of 12,777 and a density of 870 persons per km². The total area was 14.69 km².

On March 31, 2006, Kanbara was merged into the Shimizu-ku Ward of the expanded city of Shizuoka and thus no longer exists as an independent municipality.

During the Edo period, Kanbara developed as Kanbara-juku, a post station on the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. From the Meiji period onward, Kanbara became an industrial town in Shizuoka Prefecture, with aluminum smelters from Nippon Light Metals Company predominating until been closed in 2014.[1] It was the last remaining aluminum smelter in Japan, having survived on cheap hydro-electric power after all other smelters in Japan were closed in 1975-1987 period.[2]

The town was served by Kambara Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line railway and by an interchange on the Tōmei Expressway.


  1. ^ Official announcement of smelter closure in March 2014, at nikkei.com (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Merton J. Peck, "The World Aluminum Industry in a Changing Energy Era"