Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham

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Acharya: Sri Jayendra Saraswati Swamigal
Adi shankara image.jpg
Location Kanchipuram
Founder Sri Adi Shankara
First Acharya Sri Adi Shankara
Formation 482 BC
Website http://www.kamakoti.org/

Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham is a Hindu monastic institution located in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu kanchipuram is one of the five pancha-bhUta-sthalas ("Temples denoting the five elements"). The five pancha-bhUta-sthalas or material sites represent earth (Kanchipuram), sky (Chidambaram), air (Kalahasti), fire (Thiruvannamalai), and water (Thiruvanaikoil). It is known as Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam, and the head of the matha is referred to as a "Sankaracharya".

History[edit]

The mutt is founded by the Adi Sankara.[1][2] HH Sri Jayendra Saraswathi, the 69th Shankaracharya and his successor the 70th Shankaracharya, HH Sri Sankara Vijayendra Saraswathi are the current pontiffs, before which, the mutt was headed by HH Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswati. The Brindavan of Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi is worshipped here.[3]

The Kamakoti Peetam however, traditionally refers to Kamakshi, referred popularly as Kamakoti referring to Goddess Durga. Kancheepuram is referred to as Kanchi. The Vyakarana Mahabhashya of Patanjali uses the word 'Kanchi' and it can be thus understood that the word Kanchi also has a Sanskrit base. Under the guidance of Sureshvarachaya, Adi Shankara appointed Sarvajnatman as the second Peetadhipathi. The mutt however has no historical chronology before the 1820s. [4]

Chronological list of Sankaracharyas[edit]

As per claims of the The Kanchi Mutt (erstwhile kumbakonam mutt ) it was established by Adi Sankara in 482 BC though Adi Sankaras historically accepted period is 8th century AD. The following order of guru parampara given by the mutt is subject to proof of existence of the mutt prior to 1823.

The chronological list of Guru Paramapara of the matham follows:[5]

  1. Adi Sankara Bhagavatpada (482 BC-477 BC)
  2. Suresvaracharya (477 BC-407 BC) ( one of the four disciples who is the first guru of singeri mutt. kanchi mutt was reportedly not one of the four mutts established by Adi Sankara )
  3. Sarvajnatman (407 BC-367 BC)[6]
  4. Sathyabodhendra Saraswati (367 BC-268 BC)[7]
  5. Jnanandendra Saraswati (268 BC-205 BC)
  6. Suddhanandendra Saraswati (205 BC-124 BC)
  7. Aanandaghanendra Saraswati (124 BC-55 BC)
  8. Kaivalyanandayogendra Saraswati (55 BC-28 AD)
  9. Krpa Sankarendra Saraswati (28 AD-69 AD)
  10. Sureswara Saraswati (69 AD-127 AD)
  11. Sivananda Chidghanendra Saraswati (127 AD-172 AD)
  12. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati (172-235)
  13. Satchidghanendra Saraswati (235-272)
  14. Vidyaghanendra Saraswati (272-317)
  15. Gangadharendra Saraswati (317-329)
  16. Ujjvala Sankarendra Saraswati (329-367)
  17. Sadasivendra Saraswati (367-375)
  18. Shankarananda Saraswati (375-385)
  19. Martanda Vidyaghanendra Saraswati (385-398)
  20. Muka Sankarendra Saraswati (398-437)
  21. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati II (437-447)
  22. Bodhendra Saraswati (447-481)
  23. Satchisukhendra Saraswati (481-512)
  24. Chitsukhendra Saraswati (512-527)
  25. Satchidanandaghanendra Saraswati (527-548)
  26. Prajnaghanendra Saraswati (548-565)
  27. Chidvilasendra Saraswati (565-577)
  28. Mahadevendra Saraswati I (577-601)
  29. Purnabhodhendra Saraswati (601-618)
  30. Bhodhendra Saraswati II (618-655)
  31. Brahmanandaghanendra Saraswati (655-668)
  32. Chidanandaghanendra Saraswati (668-672)
  33. Satchidananda Saraswati (672-692)
  34. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati III (692-710)
  35. Chitsukhendra Saraswati (710-737)
  36. Chitsukhanandendra Saraswati (737-758)
  37. Vidyaghanendra Saraswati III (758-788)
  38. Abhinava Sankarendra Saraswati (788-840)
  39. Satchidvilaasendra Saraswati (840-873)
  40. Mahadevendra Saraswati II (873-915)
  41. Gangadharendra Saraswati II (915-950)
  42. Brahmanandaghanendra Saraswati (950-978)
  43. Anandaghanendra Saraswati (978-1014)
  44. Purnabhodhendra Saraswati II (1014-1040)
  45. Paramasivendra Saraswati I (1040-1061)
  46. Sandranandabhodhendra Saraswati (1061-1098)
  47. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati IV (1098-1166)
  48. Advaitanandabodhendra Saraswati (1166-1200)
  49. Mahadevendra Saraswati III (1200-1247)
  50. Chandrachudendra Saraswati I (1247-1297)
  51. Vidyateerthendra Saraswati (1297–1385)
  52. Sankaranandendra Saraswati (1385–1417)
  53. Purnananda Sadasivendra Saraswati (1417–1498)
  54. Vyasachala Mahadevendra Saraswati (1498–1507)
  55. Chandrachudhendra Saraswati II (1507–1524)
  56. Sarvajna Sadasiva Bhodhendra Saraswati (1524–1539)
  57. Paramasivendra Saraswati II (1539–1586)
  58. Atma Bodhendra Saraswati (1586–1638)
  59. Bodhendra Saraswathi (1638–1692)
  60. Advaitatma Prakasendra Saraswati (1692–1704)
  61. Mahadevendra Saraswati IV (1704–1746)
  62. ChandrasekharendraSaraswati V (1746–1783)
  63. Mahadevendra Saraswati V (1783–1813)
  64. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati VI (1813–1851)
  65. Sudarsana Mahadevendra Saraswati (1851–1891)
  66. Chandrasekharendra Saraswati VII (1891 - 7 February 1907)
  67. Mahadevendra Saraswathi V (7 February 1907 – 13 February 1907)
  68. Chandrashekarendra Saraswati (13 February 1907 – 3 January 1994)
  69. Jayendra Saraswathi (3 January 1994 – Present)
  70. Shankara Vijayendra Saraswati (successor)

Notable Followers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roshen Dalal (18 April 2014). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books Limited. p. 613. ISBN 978-81-8475-277-9. 
  2. ^ Varanasi Raj Gopal Sharma (1987). Kanchi Kamakoti Math, a Myth. Ganga-Tunga Prakashan. 
  3. ^ V., Meena (1974). Temples in South India (1st ed.). Kanniyakumari: Harikumar Arts. p. 46. 
  4. ^ http://www.kamakoti.org/
  5. ^ "History of the Kanchi Sankaracharya Math and Acharaparampara". www.kamakoti.org. www.kamakoti.org. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies. Advaita Vedānta from 800 to 1200. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe, 2006. p. 435. ISBN 978-81-208-3061-5. 
  7. ^ "Schools of Philosophy". hindupedia.com. hindupedia.com. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°48′58″N 79°41′24″E / 12.816°N 79.690°E / 12.816; 79.690