|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Named for||Railway Workshop|
|• Body||Kanchrapara Municipality|
|• Chairman||Kamal Adhikary Vice chairman = Subhrangshu Roy|
|• Total||9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Density||14,000/km2 (37,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barrackpore|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bijpur|
From early historical period, geographically, this area had been full of swamps, natural riverine lake, low land, water bodies sparse village-settlements surrounded by deep jungle infested with wild animals of all kinds. Barring a few pockets, the area was considered unfit for human habitation.
However, around this area, there were several dozen villages more or less prosperous, such as Mallickbaag, Kanchanpalli or Kanchrapara, Bhawanipur, Ghoshpara, Chandua and Kampa. This area underwent development from 1862– the Sealdaha Kusthia Broad Gauge Railway Line, through 1863– construction of a 132,000-square-metre (1,420,000 sq ft) locomotive workshop and railway station on the northernmost tip of Bizpur Mouza, undertaken by Eastern Bengal State Railway. In 1914 a carriage and wagon shop were added. Subsequently, a planned Railway Township was laid and built to the East & South West of the Workshops with a wide range of infrastructure – roads, drains, bridges, street lights, internal Railway lines, parks, Institutes, Administrative Buildings, Technical School, Hospital, Co-operative shopping stores, Bazaar, playgrounds for football, Tennis, golf, theatre attached to each institute (Hindmarsh Institute, Bell Institute, Spalding Institute), Officers' Club etc. The resulting population increase caused the construction of huts and pucca buildings, necessitating the expansion of Municipal infrastructure beyond the Railway area. The Kanchrapara Municipality was carved out of the Halisahar Municipality in the year 1917 AD, at the enterprise of Mr. Harnett, the then officer of Kanchrapara Railway Workshop. This city was named Kanchrapara since the Railway Station at Bijpur was named after the then village Kanchanpalli or Kanchrapara. It was prosperous economically and culturally, being the seat of many stalwarts of Baishnab literature and early Bengali literature, as well as famous Vaidyas.
Kanchrapara is located at  It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet)..
Kanchrapara is bounded by Kalyani and Gayespur in Nadia district on the north, Jayanpur, Palladaha, Kampa, Srotribati, Chandua and Jetia on the east and Halisahar on the south and west. Bijpur is a neighbourhood in Kanchrapara.
96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.
For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.
All places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map.
Kanchrapara railway station is in the city's north-east. On its Western Side lies the Greater Kanchrapara. One enters its central market area through the Station Road, which is a two-lane road. Then is the central roundabout of the city, the city's heart – Gandhi More. One road from Gandhi More leads to the 1.5 km long Workshop Road off to the esteemed Kanchrapara Railway Workshop towards the south and another road, Kabi Guru Rabindra Path, which is a 4 km long main road running westwards from Gandhi More till it merges with Rani Rashmoni Ghat Road, at Bagmore, the city's westernmost locality. Along the KGR Path, in the order of their increasing distance from the Kanchrapara Station, the major neighbourhoods are Gandhi More-Mondal Bazar Chottor, Moti Bazar Chottor, Kalinagar, Gyan Mukul School Chottor, Shri Laxmi Cinema More, Kanchrapara College More, Litchubagan, Joramandir, Milannagar, Kumore Para, and finally Bagmore. The Eastern Side of the Station is called Little Kanchrapara or Gram (Rural) Kanchrapara. Here lies Kampa Panchayat, which houses the Kanchrapara Airfield and the Indian Army Camp. Nearby is Jonepur, which is home to a significant minority Christian population.
Kanchrapara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743145 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. The other post offices with the same PIN are Bagermore, Binodnagar, Chandmari Road, Palashi, Kanchrapara Loco Shop, Barajonepur, Chandua, Majhipara and Saliadaha.
|Source: Census of India|
As per the 2011 Census of India, Kanchrapara (municipal area + outgrowth) had a total population of 129,576, of which 65,436 (51%) were males and 64,140 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 9,947. The total number of literates in Kanchrapara was 108,092 (90.36% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001 India census, Kanchrapara had a population of 126,118. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kanchrapara has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 76%. In Kanchrapara, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Kolkata Urban Agglomeration
The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).
As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Kanchrapara Municipal city covered an area of 9.06 km2, subdivided into 24 wards. Amongst the civic amenities it had 160.23 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the educational facilities It had 48 primary schools, 14 middle schools, 14 secondary schools, 14 senior secondary schools, 1 degree college for arts/science/commerce and 8 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 3 stadiums, 2 auditoriums/ community halls, 3 cinema/theatres, 6 public libraries and 6 reading rooms. It had several bank branches, including those of Indian Bank, State Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, UCO Bank, Punjab National Bank, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank among others. Kanchrapara has 3 petrol pumps, one near Gandhi More(East Kanchrapara), another at Litchu Bagan(Central Kanchrapara), and a yet another at Bagmore(West Kanchrapara)
Kanchrapara Railway Workshop
Kanchrapara Railway Workshop was established by Eastern Bengal Railway in 1863, and served the defence department during World War II. With the introduction of electric traction in eastern India in 1962, Kanchrapara Railway Workshop was made a base workshop for periodic overhauling of electric locomotives and electric multiple stock of Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway. It ranks first among the Indian Railways workshops in terms of number of EMU coaches overhauled and second in terms of number of electric locomotives overhauled. The Loco Complex mainly deals with repair and overhaul of electric locomotives and EMU motor coaches. The Carriage Complex deals with periodical overhauling of suburban and mainline EMU trains, DEMU trains, non-AC coaches, accident relief train vans and eight-wheeler tower cars.
Wooden furniture-making and timber harvesting are the major economic factors at Kanchrapara.
- Airfield: Kanchrapara Airfield (for special military purpose).
- Railway: Kanchrapara railway station. EMU Trains, UP towards Krishnanagar City, Shantipur, Ranaghat, Chakdaha, Gede & Kalyani Simanta, DOWN towards Naihati, Barrackpore, Dumdum, Sealdah, Budge Budge, Princep Ghat & Majherhat. Lalgola Passenger & MEMU.
- Roads & Highway: Kalyani Expressway, Kabiguru Rabindra Path, Kanchrapara Jaguli Road connects to NH 12 (old numbering NH 34). Private buses running across the town consist of route no. 85 to Barrackpore, route no. 88 to Barasat, route no. 22 to Nimtala, route no. 27 to Kalyani Simanta.
- Private Bus: 85 Barrackpore Court – Shyamnagar – Naihati – Kanchrapara, 88 Barasat – Amdanga – Jaguli – Kanchrapara, 22 Kanchrapara – Haringhata – Nimtala, 27 Kanchrapara – Kalyani Simanta, E48 Kanchrapara – Jaguli – Barasat – New Town – Salt Lake Karunamoyee.
Kanchrapara has the Krishna-Raya Temple, dedicated to Lord Krishna, which is a point of attraction. Other attractions of the town include religious temples like the Dakat Kali Mandir and Station Kali Bari. There are also mosques in the city. Churches are found predominantly in the Kanchrapra Railway Workshop Complex and in Jonepur. The Kanchrapara Municipality organises Vivek Chetana Utsav, Subhash Chetana Utsav and Rabindra Jayanti every year to commemorate the birth anniversaries of Vivekananda, Subhash Chandra Bose and Rabindranath Tagore respectively. The Vishwakarma Puja is conducted in the Kanchrapara Railway Workshop every year with great pomp and splendour. Annual Cricket tournament, the Kanchrapara Premiere League (KPL), is held in the playground behind the Kanchrapara College during the winter.
Schools such as Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Kanchrapara and Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2 Kanchrapara are also present in the locality which are under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Other well known educational institutes are St.Joseph's School, Kanchrapara Harnett English Medium School (C.B.S.E), Kanchrapara Harnett High School for Boys, Kanchrapara Indian Girls' High School, Kanchrapara Municipal Politechnic High School, Kanchrapara Sharada Devi Uchcha Baalika Vidyalaya, Jonepur High School for Boys, Jonepur Girls School, Kanchrapara High School (W.B.B.S.E.), Kanchrapara Albatross School, Kanchrapara Shree Mandhari High School (H.S) (Hindi Medium), Kanchrapara Janta High School (H.S) (Hindi Medium), Kanchrapara Ram Prasad High School (H.S) (Hindi Medium). Kanchrapara houses Indira Gandhi National Open University centre from where students can receive higher distance education at minimal costs.
Kanchrapara Railway Hospital functions with 220 beds and Shibani Arogya Niketan with 8 beds. Private health units include Night Angel Nursing Home, etc. North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where groundwater is affected by arsenic contamination.
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