Kandal province

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Oudong, the 17th century capital of Cambodia, is located in Kandal province
Oudong, the 17th century capital of Cambodia, is located in Kandal province
Official seal of Kandal
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal province
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalTa Khmau
Subdivisions10 districts; 1 municipality
 • GovernorKong Sophorn (CPP)
 • National Assembly
11 / 125
 • Total3,179 km2 (1,227 sq mi)
 • Rank19th
10 m (30 ft)
 • TotalDecrease 1,201,581
 • Rank2nd
 • Density378/km2 (980/sq mi)
  • Rank2nd
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeKH-8
HDI (2017)0.591[2]

Kandal (Khmer: កណ្ដាល, Kândal [kɑnˈɗaːl]; lit.'Middle') is a province of Cambodia located in the southeast portion of the country. It completely surrounds the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh and borders the provinces of Kampong Speu and Takéo to the west, Kampong Chhnang and Kampong Cham to the north, Prey Veng to the east, and shares an international border with Vietnam (An Giang and Đồng Tháp) to the south. It is the second most populous province in Cambodia after the capital Phnom Penh.[3] Its capital and largest city is Ta Khmau, which is approximately eight kilometres (5.0 mi) south of central Phnom Penh. Kandal is one of the wealthier provinces in the country.



Kandal province completely surrounds the capital Phnom Penh. The province is also a part of the greater Phnom Penh Metropolitan Area with more than a million people living in and around the province. While traveling out of Phnom Penh, the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

The province consists of the typical plain wet area, covering rice fields and other agricultural plantations. The average altitude of the province is no more than 10 meters above sea level. The province also features two of the biggest rivers in the country, the Bassac and Mekong Rivers.[4]


The province has a warm and humid tropical climate. The monsoon season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and May, while the coolest period is from November through March.[5]


Kandal province serves as an economic belt of the capital Phnom Penh. Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include palm oil, peanuts, rice, and pepper. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, silk, and handicrafts.

Many garment factories are located in Kandal province, which hires more than 500,000 workers.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Kandal province.

The province is subdivided into 10 districts and 2 municipality. The districts are further subdivided into 146 communes (khum) and 1087 villages.

ISO code Name Khmer
08-01 Kandal Stueng កណ្ដាលស្ទឹង
08-02 Kien Svay កៀនស្វាយ
08-03 Khsach Kandal ខ្សាច់កណ្ដាល
08-04 Kaoh Thum កោះធំ
08-05 Leuk Daek លើកដែក
08-06 Lvea Aem ល្វាឯម
08-07 Mukh Kampul មុខកំពូល
08-08 Angk Snuol អង្គស្នួល
08-09 Ponhea Lueu ពញាឮ
08-10 S'ang ស្អាង
08-11 Ta Khmau តាខ្មៅ
08-12 Arey Ksat អរិយក្សត្រ

2 districts Khsach Kandal and Lvea Aem in east Mekong river



Religion in Kandal (2019 census)[6]

  Buddhism (98.3%)
  Islam (1.2%)
  Christianity (0.4%)
  Animism and Other religions (0.1%)

The state religion is Theravada Buddhism. More than 98.3% of the people in Kandal are Buddhists. Chams have been practicing Islam for hundreds of years. A small percentage follow Christianity.


  1. ^ "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019 – Final Results" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. 26 January 2021. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Mom, Kunthear (7 August 2019). "Cambodia's population reaches 15.2 million". Khmer Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  4. ^ TC-Kandal Geography
  5. ^ TC-Kandal
  6. ^ "Final General Population Census 2019-English.pdf" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics Ministry of planning. October 2020.