Kandal Province

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Kandal Province

កណ្ដាល
Oudong, the 17th century capital of Cambodia, is located in Kandal Province
Oudong, the 17th century capital of Cambodia, is located in Kandal Province
Official seal of Kandal Province
Seal
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kandal Province
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalTa Khmau Municipality
Government
 • GovernorMao Phirun (CPP)
 • National Assembly
11 / 125
Area
 • Total3,179 km2 (1,227 sq mi)
Area rank19th
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2019 census)[1]
 • TotalIncrease 1,195,547
 • Rank2nd
 • Density376/km2 (970/sq mi)
 • Density rank2nd
Time zoneUTC+07
ISO 3166 codeKH-8
Districts11
Communes146
Villages1087
HDI (2017)0.591[2]
medium

Kandal (Khmer: កណ្ដាល pronounced [kɑn.ˈɗaːl], "Central") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the southeast portion of the country. It completely surrounds the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh and borders the provinces of Kampong Speu and Takeo to the west, Kampong Chhnang and Kampong Cham to the north, Prey Veng to the east, and shares an international border with Vietnam to the south. It is the second most populous province in Cambodia after the capital Phnom Penh.[3] Its capital and largest city is Ta Khmao, which is approximately 8 km south of central Phnom Penh. Kandal is one of the wealthier provinces in the country.

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

Kandal Province completely surrounds the capital Phnom Penh. The province is also a part of the greater Phnom Penh Metropolitan Area with more than a million people living in and around the province. While traveling out of Phnom Penh, the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

The province consists of the typical plain wet area, covering rice fields and other agricultural plantations. The average altitude of the province is no more than 10 meters above sea level. The province also features two of the biggest rivers in the country, the Bassac and Mekong Rivers.[4]

Climate[edit]

The province has a warm and humid tropical climate. The monsoon season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and May, while the coolest period is from November through March.[5]

Economy[edit]

Kandal Province serves as an economic belt of the capital Phnom Penh. Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include palm oil, peanuts, rice, and pepper. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, silk, and handicrafts.

Many garment factories are located in Kandal Province, which hires more than 500,000 workers.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 10 districts and 1 municipality. The districts are further subdivided into 146 communes (khum) and 1087 villages.

ISO Code District Khmer
08-01 Kandal Stueng ស្រុកកណ្ដាលស្ទឹង
08-02 Kien Svay ស្រុកកៀនស្វាយ
08-03 Khsach Kandal ស្រុកខ្សាច់កណ្ដាល
08-04 Kaoh Thum ស្រុកកោះធំ
08-05 Leuk Daek ស្រុកលើកដែក
08-06 Lvea Aem ស្រុកល្វាឯម
08-07 Mukh Kampul ស្រុកមុខកំពូល
08-08 Angk Snuol ស្រុកអង្គស្នួល
08-09 Ponhea Lueu ស្រុកពញាឮ
08-10 S'ang ស្រុកស្អាង
08-11 Ta Khmau Municipality ក្រុងតាខ្មៅ

Parliament[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Mom, Kunthear (7 August 2019). "Cambodia's population reaches 15.2 million". Khmer Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  4. ^ TC-Kandal Geography
  5. ^ TC-Kandal

Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444