Kandanur

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Kandanur
panchayat town
Kandanur is located in Tamil Nadu
Kandanur
Kandanur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°06′18″N 78°49′30″E / 10.105°N 78.825°E / 10.105; 78.825Coordinates: 10°06′18″N 78°49′30″E / 10.105°N 78.825°E / 10.105; 78.825
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Sivaganga
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kandanur is a panchayat town in Karaikudi taluk, Sivaganga district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Kandanur had a population of 6454. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Kandanur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kandanur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Chettinad House in Kandanur[edit]

The Chettinad houses are built on a rectangular, traversal plot that stretches across two streets,with the front door opening into the first street and the back into the second. Looking in from the main threshold, your eye travels in a straight line across a series of inner counrtyards,each a diminishing rectangle of light, leading out to the back door.

Most of the Chettiyar’s house in Chettinad consists of thousands of windows, hundreds of wooden pillars, door frames with Gajalakshmi who symbolize Goddess of wealth and a Kumbam(brass pot) with sprouting leaves engraved on them to symbolize wealth. Some buildings has a scene-by-scene narration of Mahabharatha and Ramayana in its wooden panels and walls. Some mansions are filled up with pillars of different materials such as wood, stone, plaster and metal. These pillars are coated with egg white stand tall in marvelously big dinner hall called Kalyana Kottahai. These houses may also contain raised platform known as ‘Thinnai’ used to protect from sun and rain.

First comes an outer thinai - Large raised platforms on either side of the central corridor, where the host would entertain male guests. The platforms lead off on one side into store rooms and massive granaries and on the other, into the ( Kanakupillai ) or Accountant's room.This area also usually leads off to the men's well. From here, the huge elaborately carved teak front door, with image of Lakshmi carved over the head and navaratna or nine precious gems buried under the ( Vasapadi) threshold.

The door leads into the first open air courtyard, with pillared corridors running on each side that lead into individual rooms, each meant for a married son, each with a triangular slot cut into the wall for the evening lamp. Then comes the second counrtyard with large dining spaces on either side. The third courtyard was for the women folk to rest and gossip, while the fourth, or nalankattai comprised the kitchens, leading out to the backyard with its women's well and grinding stones. The wealthier the merchants the larger the house, often spreading out to a second floor.

The walls are of baked bricks, plastered over by a secret recipe of roots, yolk and lime that leaves them silken smooth and washable; the tiles are Spanish; the floors of Italian marble or locally - crafted Athangudi tiles; and the pillars of Burmese teak, many houses have small turrets and elaborate guard houses on the terrace. The carvings and friezes are not just Hindu pantheon but include British soldiers, Victorian women, and scenes from the Raj.

The chettiar's main intent was to make his house a statement of his social success and he put everything into it, but the pastiche of styles - Kerala Woodwork, neo-classical, Victorian, Anglo-Indian - blend into a beautiful pattern. The airy courtyards seem somehow to absorb and mute everything down inside. The outside are not always so lucky - colours, curves, domes and arches often clash painfully but the message of splendour is not lost.

The display of wealth extended to other areas. At the chettinad railway station, exactly opposite where the Raja of chettinad's first - class coach would halt, a paved path leads through an arched gate to his private waiting room, where he went directly without having to mix with the rabble at the station. The waiting room and attached toilets are still furnished, with superb divans, recliners bidets and washbasins, all in various stages of disrepair. There are three smaller such buildings around, for lesser personages and family guests.

The practical detail inside the houses are rich: the courtyards supply ample light and air ( pickles and papads were dried there ) but leaving the rest of the house in deep and cool shadow. The courtyards have tiles placed exactly under the storm-water drain run right through the house, with stone stoppers carved exactly for their mouths. Large stone vats for water and wooden bins for firewood line the inner courtyards.

Reception area in a Chettiar House[edit]

Walking through ghostly corridors looming with huge portraits and Belgian mirrors, feet crunching on years of bat droppings that cover exquisite floor tiles.... it's easy to imagine these houses asleep in some sort of time capsule. But it's unlikely they will stay that way. Already an immense portion of the chettiar families belongings - pewter, brass porcelain, glass Burmese bamboo - is in the local antique shops and being shipped across the world. Houses are being dismantled and sold piece-meal, with carved doors, pillars and friezes in high demand in India and abroad.

Football[edit]

in kandanur more football teams and football players also more CLUBS there are,KALAIVANAR FOOTBALL CLUB AND RAJINI FC,KANNADASAN FC, AMBEDKAR FOOTBALL CLUB ,AMFC,VFC,786FC,AND FFC,

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Interview With Thiru Alamelu Vairavan Nagarathargateway.com, 2012-04-19.
  3. ^ "Poly / Cotton Yarns, Sree Karpagambal Mills Ltd". Karpagambal.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  4. ^ "sasimaths.com. Sasi Maths is online syllabus based maths. Practice your Maths and Enjoy with lots of fun". sasimaths.com. Retrieved 2016-01-19.