Kandhar

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Kandhar
कंधार
Town
Kandhar Fort
Kandhar is located in Maharashtra
Kandhar
Kandhar
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°54′02″N 77°12′05″E / 18.9005°N 77.2014°E / 18.9005; 77.2014Coordinates: 18°54′02″N 77°12′05″E / 18.9005°N 77.2014°E / 18.9005; 77.2014
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nanded
Population (2011)
 • Total 24,843
Demonym(s) Kandharkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration MH26

Kandhar is a town and a municipal council in Nanded district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It lies near the western shore of Manyad Reservoir. Kandhar was famous as a major Jain centre in the Rashtrakuta kingdom, having Malkhed or Manyakheta as his capital. A huge statue of Kshetrapala (deity related to jains) is found near the bhuikot; the statue is broken but from the toenail that survives, its height is estimated to be more than 50 feet. Presently, there is an old Digambar Jain Temple in Kandhar which is awaiting for its renovation.

History[edit]

In 1649, Shah Jahan aimed to recapture Kandhar and sent Aurangzeb with 60,000 cavalry and 10,000 infantry. The resultant Siege of Kandhar lasted for three months and 20 days.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Kandhar had a population of 24,843. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kandhar has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 75%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 56%. In Kandhar, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. It is also famous for the fort named Bhuikot, which is situated in Bahadarpura 3 km away from Kandhar. Kandhar is a historical city. Kandhar is also famous for custard apples.

Religions in Kandhar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
53%
Muslims
  
32%
Buddhists
  
10.6%
Jains
  
3.7%
Christians
  
0.4%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bakshi, S.R. (1 January 2003). Advanced history of medieval India. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. p. 92. ISBN 978-81-7488-028-4. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.