Kandivali

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For other uses, see Samata (disambiguation).
Kandivali
कांदिवली
suburb

[[File:ThakurVillage4.jp

eg|250px|Thakur Village in Kandivali (East)]]
Thakur Village in Kandivali (East)
Kandivali is located in Mumbai
Kandivali
Kandivali
Coordinates: 19°12′16″N 72°50′16″E / 19.204511°N 72.837639°E / 19.204511; 72.837639Coordinates: 19°12′16″N 72°50′16″E / 19.204511°N 72.837639°E / 19.204511; 72.837639
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban
Metro Mumbai
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400067, 400101
Vehicle registration MH-47 (since May 2015)
MH-02 (before May 2015)
Lok Sabha constituency Mumbai North
Vidhan Sabha constituency Charkop
Borivali
(cover western parts of the suburb)
Kandivali East
Magathane
(cover eastern parts of the suburb)

Kandivali (formerly Khandolee) is a suburb in the northern part of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is the 20th railway station from south to north within Mumbai.

History[edit]

Artifacts found near Kandivali indicate that the region was inhabited in the Stone Age .[1]

The Kandivali railway station was built more than 100 years ago in 1907, then known as Khandolee.The station derived its name from the East Indian village of Condolim. Earth and stones from Paran, a hillock east of the Kandivali railway station were quarried to reclaim the Bombay Backbay. On this account a railway line was opened, a workshop erected and a number of dwelling houses were constructed for officers and workmen numbering hundreds.[2] The area around Western Express Highway between Malad and Kandivali had numerous stone quarries and was once famous for Malad Stone. Many heritage buildings in Mumbai were constructed with Malad stone between 1860 and 1930, notable among them are David Sasson library, Bombay House and the Western Railway building at Churchgate.

During the plagues of the 1900s, the Fonsecas from Bandra migrated to Kandivali, they initially settled down to the east of Kandivali at Akurli and then moved to the west at Poinsur. This is where the East Indians thrived and a few families still reside to this day.

During the boom that followed the First World War (1914–18), several Gujaratis flocked near the newly opened railway station of Kandivali. On account of its healthy climate, good water and rural life, the Gujaratis built homes towards the west of the railway station. They soon outnumbered the people in the village. A few Parsis also bought large pieces of land near the village. A municipal body on a smaller scale known as the Notified Area Committee including the villages of Kandivali and Poinsur was soon established. A Town Planning Scheme, launched by the Government to attract more people to the place did not materialize due to the depression of the 1930s.[2] The township was semi-rural up to the 1980s, with agricultural land, huts and villages. With the real estate boom in the 1980s and 1990s, many residential projects started to shift northward.

Landmarks and Localities[edit]

Samata Nagar is one of the oldest colonies of Kandivali. Like all other Mumbai suburbs, Kandivali is split by the train station into Western and Eastern areas. Notable areas of Kandivali include Thakur Complex, Thakur Village, Lokhandwala Township, Samata Nagar and Damu Nagar on the eastern side and Mahavir Nagar, Charkop, Poisar and Dahanukar Wadi on the western side.

The oldest locality in Kandivali is Kandivali village which had 5 families, mostly Pachkalshi, (such as Patil and Mhatre) in the 1800s. Kandivali village is one of the Old East Indian villages of Mumbai. It originally consisted of the East Indian Catholic.

Another old locality in Kandivali is Poisar (Poinsur) village that surrounds Our Lady of Remedy Church (Padroado Church built 1550). Poisar was home to many of the farmer classes of Kulbis who owned land on both the East and the West parts of Kandivali. Poisar village originally consisted of the East Indian Catholic families. The Fonsecas were also the 'Patils' of the village till the mid 1950s.

There is a respectable population of Dawoodi Bohra Muslims in Kandivali West who settled here about 60 years ago from different places in search of a proper home.

Our Lady of Remedy High School is one of the oldest schools in Kandivali West and was established in 1926. The land for the school was donated to the Our Lady of Remedy Church by Doctor Anthony Rebello on the birth of his grand daughter Catherine Fonseca (née Rebello). Our Lady of Remedy Church was a Padroado East Indian Church built by Portuguese missionaries and the East Indians in 1550. It is still a well visited church in Mumbai.

The "Church of Our Lady of Assumption", located off M.G. Road, was built in 1630[3] and was one of the oldest churches of Mumbai. The said church was demolished and a new church was built. The pond located at Shankar Mandir, Kandivali village is used for immersions during Ganesh Chaturthi (The pond is now known as Young Star Krida Mandal Visarjan Talao). Also located on M.G. Road is the famous Kala Hanuman temple, which is visited by hundreds of devotees every day. The 56 year old Shreeji Temple located on Mathurdas Road attracts a large number of devotees. A 150-year-old shrine [4] to Shri Karsangli Akurli Mata, Varahi Mata Temple is at Shankar Lane.

Housing society buildings at Lokhandwala
Mahindra & Mahindra's Kandivali Unit, Auto Sector Main gate overlooking Western Express Highway was established in 1948.

The Mahindra & Mahindra plant occupies a 63-acre (250,000 m2) built-up area and employs over 3,000.[5] Industrial complexes such as Akurli Industrial Estate, Kandivali (Charkop) Industrial estate, Gundecha Industrial Estate, Balaji Industrial Estate and Jai Bonanza Industrial Estate are home to small and medium-sized industries. Kandivali is also home to The Times of India printing press.

The Sports Authority of India has a huge training ground for the popular football team Mahindra United. Football Teams like FC Greens, F United also practice here regularly. Athletics, a very famous handball team and also an American football team are also located in Kandivali.

Close to Mahindra and Mahindra is Thakur Village. This locality has developed at a fast pace and houses some of the tallest towers in Kandivali besides cinemas, restaurants and parks. Naturo Healthplus is also located in Vasant Sagar in Thakur Village. It is a pioneer in bringing the benefits of Himalayan rocksalt in the form of rocksalt lamps, bath salts, pain relief-crystals, etc. to India. Thakur Village also has a lot of good schools, a marriage hall and branded retail outlets.

Another area adjacent to Mahindra and Mahindra is Lokhandwala township. It has developed in last twenty years as a populated area inhabited by many residential complexes, schools, banks, grocery stores, chemist and restaurants. One of the key highlights of the township is the natural walking track behind the Lokhandwala Foundation school.

Raghuleela Megamall, Growel's 101 and Poisar Gymkhana are some of the favorite hang outs. There are several malls, movie theaters, eateries and cafes in Thakur Village, Lokhandwala and Thakur Complex areas. These areas also attract a lot of youngsters as it has several colleges and educational institutes.

Mahavir Nagar has also started developing since the year 2000 and is now one of the best residential localities with big banks, malls and restaurants. It has the newly constructed Sachin Tendulkar Gymkhana. Poisar Gymkhana in the vicinity is for general public and lot of people come for walks in the mornings and evenings. Cricket and football matches are played during the day at the Poisar ground. Mahavir Nagar has many restaurants and the megastore D-Mart.

Transportation[edit]

Kandivali railway station is a busy station on the Western Line of the Mumbai suburban railway. Poisar Bus Depot, one of the oldest BEST bus depot is located on S.V. Road in the western part of the suburb. Road connectivity is provided by means of Western Express Highway on the east, S.V. Road and Link Road on the west. The BEST bus depot is close to the railway station on the eastern side of the suburb and is the point of origin for localities in Kandivali (East) like Ashok Nagar, Hanuman Nagar, Damu Nagar, Samata Nagar, Thakur Village and Thakur Complex.

Two lines of Mumbai Metro (Line 2 and Line 7) will pass through the suburb once operational. Line 2 will pass through Link Road on the western part and Line 7 will pass through the main arterial Western Express Highway on the eastern side of the suburb.

Line 7, once operational will be fully elevated and will run from Dahisar (East) to Andheri (East). Bandongri and Mahindra & Mahindra will be the two halts in Kandivali for the metro.

The Kandivali (West) post office (Pin Code 400067) is the oldest post office in Kandivali.The Kandivali (East) post office (Pin Code 400101) was initially located at Fonseca Compound on Akurli road near Kandivali railway station on the eastern side. It later got shifted to Samata Nagar.

Hospitals[edit]

Shatabdi Hospital was opened at S.V. Road by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) on September 2, 2013. It is named after Bharat Ratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.There are a couple of government hospitals in Kandivali (East). The Akurli Road Municipal Maternity Home (run by Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation) is a two-storey hospital on Akurli Road opposite Dena Bank. There is an Employees State Insurance Scheme (ESIS) hospital as well. Both are within 5 minutes walking distance from the railway station. Other hospitals are

  • Western Hospital
  • Agarwal Hospital

Education[edit]

Kandivali has a number of english, marathi, hindi and gujarati medium schools, including Our Lady of Remedy High School,St.Joseph's High School, Dhanamal High School, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel School, M.L.R.T. Gala Pioneer English School, Cambridge School, Lokhandwala Foundation School, Thakur Public School, Gundecha Education Academy, Thakur Vidya Mandir, Ryan International School (Kandivali), Oxford International School (Kandivali), Swami Vivekanand International School,Kapol Vidyanidhi International School(ICSE), Children's Academy and Thakur Shyam Narayan High School.Our Lady of Remedy High School is the oldest institution in the region founded in the year 1926.

There are several junior and degree colleges in the suburb. Thakur College of Engineering and Technology and Kandivali Education Society are the important ones. The Phoenix Archery Academy is also located here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ghosh, A. (1991). Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. 1. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-09264-1. 
  2. ^ a b "The East Indians of Kandivli". 
  3. ^ "The East Indian Community". Retrieved December 27, 2009. 
  4. ^ Bombay Gazettor's records, XIV, 1882 
  5. ^ "Mahindra & Mahindra Manufacturing Plants". Retrieved December 27, 2009. 

External links[edit]