Kandiyohi County, Minnesota

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Kandiyohi County
Kandiyohi County Courthouse
Kandiyohi County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kandiyohi County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°09′N 95°01′W / 45.15°N 95.01°W / 45.15; -95.01
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedMarch 20, 1858[1]
Named for"where buffalo fish come" (Dakota)
SeatWillmar
Largest cityWillmar
Area
 • Total862 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Land797 sq mi (2,060 km2)
 • Water66 sq mi (170 km2)  7.6%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total43,732
 • Estimate 
(2021)
43,767 Increase
 • Density54.9/sq mi (21.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.kandiyohi.mn.us

Kandiyohi County (/ˌkændiˈjh/ KAN-dee-YOH-hy) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 census, its population is 43,732.[2] As of November 20, 1871, its county seat is Willmar.[3]

Kandiyohi County comprises the US Census Bureau's "Willmar, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area".

History[edit]

Kandiyohi County is named for a Dakota word meaning "where the buffalo fish come".[4] (kandi’ - the buffalo fish + oh-hi’-yu - v. of hiyu - to come through).[5] It was organized on March 20, 1858, with Kandiyohi established as the county seat in 1870 (it was then called Kandiyohi Station, as it was merely a stop on the railroad line). The original county occupied only the southern half of its current area. Development was slow, and in 1870 the state legislature called for Monongalia County to merge with Kandiyohi. It took until November 21, 1871, to agree on the centrally located Willmar as the county seat.

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Kandiyohi County consists of rolling hills, partly wooded, mostly devoted to agriculture.[6] The territory slopes to the south and west, with the highest point near its northeastern corner, at 1,306' (398m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 797 square miles (2,060 km2) are land and 66 square miles (170 km2) (7.6%) are covered by water.[8] Kandiyohi County is one of seven southern Minnesota counties that have no forest soils; only prairie ecosystems of savannas and prairies exist.

Soils of Kandiyohi County[9]
Soils of Sibley State Park

Lakes[6][edit]

  • Bass Lake
  • Bear Lake
  • Big Kandiyohi Lake
  • Burr Oak Lake
  • Calhoun Lake
  • Cherry Lake
  • Church Lake
  • Crook Lake
  • Diamond Lake
  • Dog Lake
  • Downs Lake
  • Eagle Lake
  • East Solomon Lake
  • East Sunburg Lake
  • Elkhorn Lake
  • Ella Lake
  • Emma Lake
  • Florida Lake
  • Foot Lake
  • Games Lake
  • George Lake
  • Ging Lake
  • Green Lake
  • Hefta Lake
  • Henchien Lake
  • Henderson Lake
  • Henium Lake
  • Hubbard Lake
  • Johnson Lake
  • Knutsons Lake
  • Lake Andrew
  • Lake Carrie
  • Lake Eight
  • Lake Eleanor
  • Lake Elizabeth
  • Lake Kasota
  • Lake Lillian
  • Lake Minnetaga
  • Lindgren Lake
  • Little Kandiyohi Lake
  • Long Lake (Dovre Township)
  • Long Lake: (Irving and Roseville townships)
  • Mamre Lake
  • Mary Lake
  • Middle Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Nest Lake
  • Norstedt Lake
  • Norway Lake
  • Olson Lake
  • Otter Lake
  • Point Lake
  • Prairie Lake
  • Ringo Lake
  • Saint Johns Lake
  • Schultz Lake
  • Shoemaker Lake
  • Skataas Lake
  • Skull Lake
  • Sperry Lake
  • Stevens Lake
  • Summit Lake
  • Swan Lake (Colfax and Lake Andrew townships)
  • Swan Lake: (Dovre and Willmar townships)
  • Swan Lake: (Kandiyohi Township)
  • Swan Lake: (Mamre Township)
  • Swenson Lake
  • Taits Lake
  • Thompson Lake
  • Timber Lake
  • Twin Lakes
  • Wagonga Lake
  • West Solomon Lake
  • West Sunburg Lake (part)
  • Wheeler Lake
  • Willmar Lake
  • Woodcock Lake (Green Lake Township)
  • Woodcock Lake: (New London and Green Lake townships)

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Burbank State Wildlife Management Area
  • Dietrich Lange State Wildlife Management Area
  • Oleander State Wildlife Management Area
  • Ringo-Nest State Wildlife Management Area
  • Roseville State Wildlife Management Area
  • Sibley State Park
  • Sunburg State Wildlife Management Area
  • Yohi State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186076
18701,7602,215.8%
188010,159477.2%
189013,99737.8%
190018,41631.6%
191018,9693.0%
192022,06016.3%
193023,5746.9%
194026,52412.5%
195028,6448.0%
196029,9874.7%
197030,5481.9%
198036,76320.3%
199038,7615.4%
200041,2036.3%
201042,2392.5%
202043,7323.5%
2021 (est.)43,767[10]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 41,203 people, 15,936 households, and 10,979 families residing in the county. The population density was 51.7/sqmi (20.0/km2). There were 18,415 housing units at an average density of 23.1/sqmi (8.92/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 8.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.4% were of German, 25.8% Norwegian, 9.9% Swedish and 5.6% Dutch ancestry.

There were 15,936 households, out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05.

The county population contained 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,772, and the median income for a family was $48,016. Males had a median income of $32,272 versus $22,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 5.90% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Kandiyohi County voters have switched from Democratic to Republican in recent years. In no national election since 1996 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020). However, Democratic incumbent Amy Klobuchar won the county in 2018 as she coasted to an easy reelection over Republican challenger Jim Newberger. Klobuchar also carried Kandiyohi county in her 2006 and 2012 victories.

United States presidential election results for Kandiyohi County, Minnesota[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,437 61.78% 8,440 36.12% 490 2.10%
2016 12,785 58.72% 7,266 33.37% 1,721 7.90%
2012 11,240 52.36% 9,805 45.68% 420 1.96%
2008 11,319 51.70% 10,125 46.24% 451 2.06%
2004 11,704 54.82% 9,337 43.74% 308 1.44%
2000 10,026 51.99% 8,220 42.62% 1,039 5.39%
1996 7,119 38.41% 9,009 48.61% 2,404 12.97%
1992 6,784 34.51% 7,914 40.26% 4,958 25.22%
1988 8,634 48.34% 8,962 50.17% 266 1.49%
1984 9,539 52.69% 8,402 46.41% 163 0.90%
1980 8,480 46.86% 8,038 44.42% 1,577 8.72%
1976 6,664 38.90% 9,992 58.33% 474 2.77%
1972 6,624 45.74% 7,241 50.00% 616 4.25%
1968 5,086 37.96% 7,639 57.01% 675 5.04%
1964 4,011 30.49% 9,108 69.23% 37 0.28%
1960 6,786 50.02% 6,738 49.66% 43 0.32%
1956 5,445 44.25% 6,834 55.54% 26 0.21%
1952 6,370 49.97% 6,264 49.14% 113 0.89%
1948 3,666 31.62% 7,204 62.14% 723 6.24%
1944 3,784 36.55% 6,482 62.61% 87 0.84%
1940 4,263 36.94% 7,187 62.28% 90 0.78%
1936 2,500 26.25% 6,595 69.25% 429 4.50%
1932 2,674 30.04% 5,813 65.31% 414 4.65%
1928 5,780 67.82% 2,481 29.11% 261 3.06%
1924 3,222 40.16% 222 2.77% 4,578 57.07%
1920 4,759 63.67% 1,282 17.15% 1,433 19.17%
1916 1,612 41.82% 1,968 51.05% 275 7.13%
1912 484 14.59% 855 25.77% 1,979 59.64%
1908 2,312 63.62% 947 26.06% 375 10.32%
1904 2,576 81.26% 252 7.95% 342 10.79%
1900 2,343 64.32% 1,204 33.05% 96 2.64%
1896 2,181 56.25% 1,638 42.25% 58 1.50%
1892 1,341 50.93% 391 14.85% 901 34.22%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Kandiyohi County, Minnesota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 172.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c Kandiyohi County MN Google Maps (accessed March 14, 2019)
  7. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Kandiyohi County MN" Google Maps (accessed March 14, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota:Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 7, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°09′N 95°01′W / 45.15°N 95.01°W / 45.15; -95.01