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The Kandu or Kanu are a Hindu Bania caste in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. They traditionally provided parched grains and are one of the Bania castes in the Vaishya varna. In India and eastern zone the caste often use Maddhesia or Gupta as a surname.[1] In Nepal, the caste is known as Kanu (Nepali: कानू), and Kandu elsewhere. Saints from this community include Sant Paltu Prasad from Nagpurjalalpur (near Ayodhya), who composed the Bhajnavali (Book of Devotion.) Famous person belong to Kandu Bania (Gupta)-Jai Shanker Prasad,Maithlisharan Gupt,Chankya.Shiv shankar gupta(CEO and Founder of swawlamban india ltd.)


The caste has sub-castes Maddhesia, Maghaiya, Bantaria, Kanaujia, Gour, Koranch, Dhuria, Rawani, Ballamitra, and Thathera (distinct from the Thathera caste).[2] In Nepal they are found in the Terai from Jhapa district in the southeast corner west to Banke as well as in Kathmandu.

Present circumstances[edit]

The community is endogamous but practices village and clan exogamy. They have abandoned their traditional occupation of grain parching.[3] Now they are mainly traders, village shop keepers and money lenders in villages. Urban Kandu follow various other occupations.[4]

People in Uttar Pradesh[edit]

In Gorakhpur,Kushinagar,Maharajganj, Deoria,Ayodhya,Varanasi. approx. 210000 (survey Report) population.

People in Rajasthan[edit]

Jaipur, Bharatpur, Alwar, Ganganagar etc.


  1. ^ Gopal, Jha and Singh, loc. cit.
  2. ^ Gopal, Jha and Singh, loc. cit.
  3. ^ "The Liberation Struggle of Bihar". 
  4. ^ Gopal, Jha and Singh, loc. cit.