The manner of paying taxes varied according to locality. In the Kantō, payments were generally made in rice for wet fields and in gold for uplands. In the Kinai and western provinces, a slightly different formula was applied; but the payments were also received in both rice and gold. In the case of cash payments, the money would have been taken to Edo Castle or to Osaka Castle where it became the responsibility of kane-bugyō.
The kane-bugyō in Edo and Osaka were responsible for all accounts associated with such receipts of cash. These were complied and then subsequently audited by the katte-kata. The entire operation was closely scrutinized by a member of the rōjū or the wakadoshiyori.
List of kane-bugyō
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- Hall, John Wesley. (1955) Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 201
- Brinkley, Frank et al. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era, p. 638.
- Brinkley, pp. 638-639.
- Brinkley, Frank. (1915). A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era. London: Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Hall, John Wesley. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Tokugawa bureaucracy organization chart
This bureaucracy evolved in an ad hoc manner, responding to perceived needs.
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