Kane in April 2014.
|Birth name||Glenn Thomas Jacobs|
April 26, 1967 |
Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
|Resides||Jefferson City, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Spouse(s)||Crystal Goins (m. 1995)|
|Alma mater||Northeast Missouri State University|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Angus King
Isaac Yankem, DDS
|Billed height||7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)|
|Billed weight||323 lb (147 kg)|
|Trained by||Dean Malenko|
Glenn Thomas Jacobs (born April 26, 1967) is an American professional wrestler, insurance agent, and actor. He works for WWE, and is best known by his ring name Kane. Jacobs began his professional wrestling career on the independent circuit in 1992. He wrestled in promotions such as Smoky Mountain Wrestling (SMW) and the United States Wrestling Association (USWA) before joining the World Wrestling Federation (now WWE) in 1995. Jacobs played various characters until 1997, when he was repackaged as Kane, the half-brother of The Undertaker, with whom Jacobs would alternatively feud or team as The Brothers of Destruction.
Following his debut, Kane remained a pivotal component of the company's Attitude Era of the late 1990s and early 2000s, defeating Stone Cold Steve Austin – described as the "poster boy" of that era – for the WWF Championship in his first pay-per-view main event at King of the Ring 1998. He has continued to headline WWE pay-per-view cards in world championship matches through 2014. In 2015, WWE executive Triple H dubbed Kane as "The Constant", owing to his underrated, "always great" performance during his long tenure with the company. Also that year, WWE Hall of Famer Ric Flair called Kane "the best in the world".
Kane has won 18 total championships during his WWF/E career, including being a three-time world champion (having held the WWF Championship, ECW Championship, and World Heavyweight Championship once each), and is also a 12-time world tag team champion, having held the WWF/E (World) Tag Team Championship, WCW Tag Team Championship, and WWE Tag Team Championships with various partners. He is also the 2010 Money in the Bank winner.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Early career (1992–1995)
- 2.2 World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE
- 2.2.1 Early gimmicks (1995–1997)
- 2.2.2 The Undertaker's half-brother (1997–2000)
- 2.2.3 Brothers of Destruction (2000–2001)
- 2.2.4 Championship reigns and unmasking (2002–2003)
- 2.2.5 Storyline with Lita (2004–2005)
- 2.2.6 Teaming with Big Show and "May 19" (2005–2006)
- 2.2.7 Brothers of Destruction reunion (2006–2007)
- 2.2.8 ECW Champion (2007–2008)
- 2.2.9 World Heavyweight Champion (2008–2011)
- 2.2.10 Remasking and Team Hell No (2011–2013)
- 2.2.11 Director of Operations (2013–present)
- 3 Other media
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Personal life
- 6 In wrestling
- 7 Championships and accomplishments
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Jacobs was born in Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, to a United States Air Force family stationed in Spain. Jacobs earned a degree in English literature at Northeast Missouri State University, where he played both basketball and football.
Professional wrestling career
Early career (1992–1995)
In the ring, Jacobs was first known as Angus King when he debuted in the St. Louis, Missouri area with the CSWA which was owned and run by Jacobs's childhood friend Mark Morton. Jacobs later moved south and began wrestling as Doomsday, appearing in the United States Wrestling Association as The Christmas Creature and as Unabomb in Smoky Mountain Wrestling, where he held the SMW Tag Team Championship with Al Snow in a team called The Dynamic Duo. During his time in the United States Wrestling Association, Jacobs (as Doomsday) held the USWA Heavyweight Championship. Jacobs also worked for Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi under his real name.
World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE
Early gimmicks (1995–1997)
Jacobs made his first television appearance with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) as Isaac Yankem, DDS, Jerry Lawler's private dentist, in a vignette on the June 26, 1995, episode of Raw. Placing emphasis on Jacobs's imposing height and weight, Yankem was portrayed as a monstrous figure whom Lawler had hired for the purpose of ridding the WWF of his longtime nemesis, Bret Hart. His in-ring debut occurred at a Superstars taping on August 15, where he lost to Hart by countout. At SummerSlam, Jacobs was disqualified when he hung Hart by twisting him in the top and middle ropes by his neck. He lost to Hart in a steel cage match in the main event of the October 16 episode of Raw, and finally in a tag team match against Hart and Hakushi, in which he was partnered with Lawler, on the November 6 episode of the show. After his initial run with Hart, Jacobs's push dwindled. He was part of an unsuccessful team in an elimination match at Survivor Series. He participated in the 1996 Royal Rumble match, but the remainder of Yankem's televised run through April was spent as a jobber to the stars, including losses to The Undertaker, Jake "The Snake" Roberts, Marc Mero and The Ultimate Warrior. Jacobs wrestled frequently at live events in May, but was not used again until September, when he made his final appearances under the Yankem gimmick.
In September 1996, play-by-play announcer Jim Ross introduced Jacobs as Diesel and Rick Bognar as Razor Ramon as part of a storyline mocking the departure of former employees Kevin Nash and Scott Hall respectively, while attempting to portray Ross as a disgruntled employee. The idea proved unpopular and was dropped almost immediately, and despite receiving a WWF Tag Team Championship match against Owen Hart and the British Bulldog at In Your House 12: It's Time, the gimmick's television lifespan lasted only until the 1997 Royal Rumble, where Jacobs was the third-to-last participant. He continued to work sporadic live events as Diesel until April, when the WWF began to gradually introduce Jacobs's new character of Kane. He would not appear again for the company until the debut of Kane.
The Undertaker's half-brother (1997–2000)
At April 1997's In Your House 14: Revenge of the 'Taker event, The Undertaker launched a fireball into the face of former manager, Paul Bearer, who had unsuccessfully attempted to assist his protege, Mankind to victory in their WWF Championship match. On the May 12 episode of Raw, Mankind reintroduced Bearer, whose face was heavily bandaged due to the burns The Undertaker had inflicted. The injury prompted Bearer to attempt to reunite with Undertaker after a long period of mutual hostility, using the ultimatum of revealing The Undertaker's "biggest secret"; during the cryptic interview, Bearer likened the fire that had burned his face to a fire that had occurred during The Undertaker's childhood. When Undertaker continually refused to once again align with Bearer, Bearer began tormenting him by telling him that his long-lost brother, Kane (later revealed as Bearer's son and the Undertaker's half-brother), was coming to the WWF to challenge him. In the ensuing months, Bearer implied that The Undertaker had accidentally killed his family by starting a fire at their funeral home, with the exception of Kane, who was left physically and mentally scarred by the event; Undertaker claimed that Kane, a pyromaniac, was the one who started the fire and could not possibly have survived (however, in October 1998, this was exposed as a falsehood when Undertaker confessed to burning down the home, shortly prior to his 1999 gimmick as the "dark priest" of The Ministry of Darkness).
Jacobs made his re-debut as Kane at Badd Blood: In Your House on October 5, 1997, by using The Undertaker's signature Tombstone Piledriver to cost him the victory in the first Hell in a Cell match against Shawn Michaels. In keeping with the notion that Kane had been scarred by the fire – and to conceal Jacobs's identity – the character wore a mask, sported long hair, and wore red and black ring attire that almost covered his entire body. Kane and The Undertaker feuded with one another over the following year, during which time their history vis-à-vis one another was expounded. Jacobs won his first match as Kane against Mankind at Survivor Series. In weeks prior on Raw, Kane had randomly attacked other wrestlers including Ahmed Johnson, Road Warrior Hawk, The Hardy Boyz, Flash Funk, and Cactus Jack/Mankind's alter ego, Dude Love. The Undertaker initially refused to face him, saying he would not fight his own "flesh and blood". After a brief partnership, Kane betrayed his "brother" when he cost him the WWF Championship; he interfered in The Undertaker's WWF Championship title match against Shawn Michaels at the Royal Rumble; after the match, Kane locked Undertaker in a casket and set it on fire, though it was later revealed that Undertaker managed to escape the casket without being seen before Kane set it on fire. This provoked The Undertaker into returning to face Kane at WrestleMania XIV on March 29, where Kane was defeated by Undertaker after three Tombstone Piledrivers. After the match Kane and Paul Bearer attacked The Undertaker. They continued to feud until Unforgiven: In Your House on April 26, when The Undertaker defeated Kane in an Inferno match. In this match, Bearer tried to help Kane by attacking Undertaker; however, at one point of the match, as Kane was retreating backstage, Vader forced Kane back towards the ring, and The Undertaker attacked them both by jumping over the ring ropes surrounded by fire before setting Kane's right arm on fire. Over the next few months, Kane and The Undertaker continued to feud, with more details of their history being revealed in the process.
After defeating The Undertaker to win a WWF Championship title shot, Kane won the WWF Championship at the King of the Ring pay-per-view, defeating Stone Cold Steve Austin in a First Blood match after being helped by his "brother". However, Kane lost the title back to Austin the next night on Raw. He formed a tag team with Mankind, with whom he won the WWF Tag Team Championship twice. After losing the titles and turning on Mankind, Kane formed a short-lived tag team with his "brother". The half-brothers fought one another for the vacant WWF Championship at Judgment Day: In Your House, with the match ending in a no contest; during the match, The Undertaker betrayed Kane for Paul Bearer, turning Kane face and Undertaker heel. Kane took part in the "Deadly Games" tournament for the WWF Championship at Survivor Series, but was eliminated by Undertaker in the quarter-finals. At Rock Bottom: In Your House, Kane interfered in the Buried Alive match between Austin and The Undertaker, by attacking Undertaker and cost him the match. As a result, The Corporation had Kane committed to an insane asylum.
In December 1998, however, Kane joined The Corporation in order to stay out of the insane asylum. He was later betrayed by The Corporation and thrown out of the alliance. Shortly afterward, Kane formed a tag team with X-Pac and acquired a girlfriend, Tori. While teaming with X-Pac, Kane evolved from being mute to aided speech through an electrolarynx to speaking unaided. He also became associated with D-Generation X (DX), the faction of which X-Pac was a member. His first unaided words were the DX slogan "suck it". The duo won the WWF Tag Team Championship twice. The tag team broke apart when X-Pac turned on Kane and rejoined DX. Kane and X-Pac then engaged in a lengthy feud against each other, which was exacerbated in early 2000, when Tori betrayed Kane and joined X-Pac and DX. The former partners' feud eventually ended at WrestleMania 2000, where Kane teamed with Rikishi to defeat X-Pac and Road Dogg. Shortly after WrestleMania, Kane suffered a hand injury that kept him out of action for a month.
Brothers of Destruction (2000–2001)
Kane returned on the May 29 episode of Raw, when he helped The Undertaker and The Rock fight off the McMahon-Helmsley Faction. His involvement in this feud culminated in a main event match at King of the Ring against Vince and Shane McMahon, and then-champion Triple H. The Undertaker and Kane's rivalry resurfaced during the match, but they patched their relationship up soon after. Kane later turned heel by assaulting The Undertaker, leading to a match between the two at SummerSlam. The match ended when The Undertaker removed Kane's mask, causing him to flee the ring, covering his exposed face. Kane stayed in contention for the WWF Championship for the remainder of the year and ended 2000 in a feud with Chris Jericho; Kane defeated him at Survivor Series and again at Rebellion, but he ultimately lost to Jericho in a Last Man Standing match at Armageddon.
Kane turned face when he reformed his alliance with The Undertaker immediately before the Royal Rumble, in which he eliminated a then-record number of 11 wrestlers and was the runner-up, after being eliminated by Steve Austin. In early 2001, Kane competed for the Hardcore Championship, defeating Raven for the title at WrestleMania X-Seven in a match that also featured Big Show. Kane and The Undertaker began teaming as the "Brothers of Destruction" and in the course of the year, they feuded with Edge and Christian, Rikishi and Haku, and The Two-Man Power Trip. While feuding with The Two-Man Power Trip, Austin and Triple H broke Kane's left arm. At Judgment Day, Kane defeated Triple H to win the WWF Intercontinental Championship. He became the third Grand Slam Champion, and the first person to win the Grand Slam championship by winning the WWF, Intercontinental, Tag Team and Hardcore Championships. He lost the title to Albert on an episode of SmackDown!, following interference from Diamond Dallas Page.
During The Invasion, Kane and The Undertaker feuded with DDP and Chris Kanyon after Page began stalking The Undertaker's wife Sara. The feud culminated at SummerSlam, when Kane and The Undertaker defeated Page and Kanyon in a steel cage match, resulting in them holding both the WWF Tag Team and the WCW Tag Team Championships. Kane and The Undertaker defeated KroniK at Unforgiven, and both participated in the ten-man Winner-Takes-All match at Survivor Series as members of the victorious Team WWF.
Championship reigns and unmasking (2002–2003)
In 2002, Kane began a small feud with Big Show, after Kane single handedly eliminated him at the Royal Rumble. Kane then began feuding with Kurt Angle, to whom he lost at WrestleMania X8. On March 25, the WWF was divided into two brands, Raw and SmackDown!, with Kane being drafted to Raw. Kane feuded with the New World Order until tearing his biceps. Kane returned to the renamed WWE as part of the Raw roster in mid-2002, with a new half-mask.
In 2002, Kane won the World Tag Team Championship with The Hurricane on the September 23 episode of Raw from Lance Storm and Christian. One week later, Kane won the Intercontinental Championship from Chris Jericho, despite interference from Triple H and Ric Flair. On October 7, Kane successfully single-handedly defended the World Tag Team Championship in a four-team Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match, as The Hurricane had been attacked earlier that evening by Triple H and Ric Flair and was unable to compete. That match was later nominated as WWE's 2002 "Match of the Year". They held the title until the October 14 episode of Raw, where they lost to Christian and Chris Jericho.
In October 2002, Kane began feuding with Triple H, leading to a match at No Mercy on October 20 in which both Kane's Intercontinental Championship and Triple H's World Heavyweight Championship were at stake. In the weeks preceding the match, Triple H claimed that, several years earlier, Kane had an unrequited relationship with a woman named Katie Vick. He claimed that after Vick was killed in a car crash, Kane had sex with her. Triple H later threatened to show video footage of Kane committing the act in question; however, the footage that finally aired showed Triple H (dressed as Kane) simulating mock sex with a mannequin in a casket; Kane's tag team partner The Hurricane responded the following week by showing a video of Triple H (rather, someone wearing a Triple H series of masks) getting an enema. The angle was very unpopular with fans, and was de-emphasised before the title match. Triple H defeated Kane at No Mercy, due to Triple H and Flair cheating, unifying the two titles.
Kane then formed a tag team with Rob Van Dam, with the duo eventually winning the World Tag Team Championship. After they lost their World Tag Team Championship to La Résistance at Bad Blood, Triple H offered Kane a spot in his stable Evolution. Raw co-general manager Stone Cold Steve Austin offered Kane the opportunity to face Triple H for the World Heavyweight Championship if he rejected Triple H's offer; however, co-general manager Eric Bischoff insisted that if Kane lost the match, he would unmask. Kane accepted Austin's offer and went to challenge Triple H the following week in Madison Square Garden. Triple H won the match following interference from his stablemates, and on the June 23, 2003 episode of Raw, Kane removed his mask. He then turned heel and chokeslamed partner Van Dam, and defeated him at SummerSlam. The unmasking rendered Kane emotionally unstable, and in an interview with Jim Ross, Kane attacked Ross and set him on fire. He later attacked Linda McMahon on the Raw stage. This action sparked a feud between Kane and Shane McMahon, Linda's son, with Kane defeating Shane in a Last Man Standing match at Unforgiven and an ambulance match at Survivor Series. During the latter event, Kane also interfered in a Buried Alive match between Vince McMahon and The Undertaker, helping McMahon bury The Undertaker and win the match. The following month at Armageddon, Kane competed in a triple threat match for the World Heavyweight Championship against Triple H and defending champion Bill Goldberg, a match which Triple H won.
Storyline with Lita (2004–2005)
In January 2004, Kane took part in the Royal Rumble match. He was eliminated when he heard the bell toll from The Undertaker's entrance music, distracting and distressing Kane and enabling Booker T to eliminate him. Over the following weeks, Kane repeatedly insisted that The Undertaker was "dead", only to be met with various paranormal incidents such as a rainstorm localized over the ring in which he stood. The Undertaker finally returned at WrestleMania XX (again sporting his "Deadman" persona) with Paul Bearer at his side, defeating Kane.
Following his defeat at WrestleMania XX, Kane fell in love with Lita, but was spurned. This led to him kidnapping Lita in May and asking her an unknown question, to which she replied in the affirmative later that month. On the same night, Kane won a twenty-man battle royal to receive a World Heavyweight Championship title shot against Chris Benoit at Bad Blood. Lita later announced that she was pregnant, with Matt Hardy her then-boyfriend both on- and off- screen, assuming that he was the child's father. On the June 21 episode of Raw, Kane claimed that he was the father. The following week, Kane explained that he had impregnated Lita in order to continue his legacy and justified a vicious attack on Shawn Michaels several weeks earlier by claiming that Michaels had stood in the way of him winning the World Heavyweight Championship. In order to appease Kane, General Manager Eric Bischoff gave Kane a rematch with Benoit, instructing Benoit that he could only win by submission, whereas Kane could win the title by any means. Despite dominating much of the match, Kane again lost to Benoit. Following the match, Lita came to the ring and low-blowed Kane, who initially went to chokeslam her in revenge but stopped when he realized that she was trying to force him to cause her to miscarry their child.
Kane and Matt Hardy faced one another in a "Till Death Do Us Part" match at SummerSlam, with Lita obliged to wed the victor. Kane defeated Hardy, and "married" Lita on the August 23 episode of Raw. Although he was attacked by Hardy during the ceremony, he gained the upper hand and ultimately chokeslammed Hardy off the stage (in reality, Hardy needed time off because of a knee injury and later a staph infection). On the September 13 episode of Raw, Kane accidentally fell on Lita during a match with the debuting Gene Snitsky, who hit him on the back with a steel chair, ostensibly causing Lita to miscarry. Kane turned face after he sought revenge against Snitsky for causing the death of his child. He lost to Snitsky in a steel chain match at Taboo Tuesday, and he was sidelined for several months after Snitsky crushed his larynx with a chair following the match. This attack was a repeat performance of the storyline where Kane "injured" Michaels in the same exact manner. The "injury" gave Kane time to complete his starring role in the film, See No Evil. Kane returned in January 2005, defeating Snitsky at New Year's Revolution. After WrestleMania 21, Kane and Lita reconciled with one another and began antagonizing Lita's rival Trish Stratus. This led to a match between Kane and Stratus' hired bodyguard Viscera at Backlash that was won by Kane.
Lita later turned on Kane and started a on-screen relationship with her real-life boyfriend at the time Edge, after helping Edge win the Gold Rush Tournament Finals on the May 16 episode of Raw by giving him his Money in the Bank briefcase to hit Kane with. This would lead to a feud between Kane and Edge. Kane was able to defeat Edge at Vengeance, despite interference from Snitsky. The feud ended when Edge defeated Kane in a Stretcher match on the July 25 episode of Raw. Lita's allegiance with Edge resulted from the couple's real-life affair while she was still romantically involved with Matt Hardy. Hardy was later rehired and Kane was dropped from the angle, with Matt and Edge having a feud over Lita.
Teaming with Big Show and "May 19" (2005–2006)
Kane returned to WWE television on October 17, 2005, winning an eighteen-man battle royal. As a result of his victory, he, along with Big Show and Shawn Michaels, was featured in an Internet poll to decide who would receive a shot at the WWE Championship at Taboo Tuesday. In the weeks before Taboo Tuesday, Kane and Big Show teamed together on several occasions. The poll was won by Michaels, and Kane and Big Show teamed together to face Lance Cade and Trevor Murdoch, defeating them for the World Tag Team Championship. The duo successfully retained their championship throughout the remainder of 2005, during which time they engaged in an inter-promotional feud with members of the SmackDown! brand. He and Big Show feuded with Carlito and Chris Masters throughout early 2006, culminating in a successful title defense at WrestleMania 22 on April 2. The following evening, Kane and the Big Show lost the World Tag Team Championship to Spirit Squad members Kenny and Mikey. One week later, Kane and Big Show faced Spirit Squad members Johnny and Nicky in a rematch for the title, but were disqualified after Kane "snapped", ostensibly due to "voices in his head".
In subsequent weeks, Kane began attacking anyone who mentioned the date May 19. During the match between Kane and Big Show at Backlash, Kane's voice began echoing throughout the arena saying "May 19", "It's happening again" and "They're all going to know" leaving Kane visibly shaken. Big Show then struck Kane with a chair, resulting in a no contest. On May 19, Kane appeared on SmackDown! as John "Bradshaw" Layfield's hand-picked opponent for Rey Mysterio. After both the aforementioned voices and mask video began playing, Kane chokeslammed both Layfield and Mysterio before leaving the ring. On the following episode of Raw, he claimed that May 19 was the date on which his mother and adopted family were killed in a fire. The voices continued to the May 29 episode of Raw, when Kane was confronted by the source of the voice, an impostor Kane (Drew Hankinson); wearing Kane's old mask and ring attire, he chokeslammed Kane during his match against Shelton Benjamin for the Intercontinental Championship. Kane and the look-alike continued to fight one another in subsequent weeks, leading to a match between the two being scheduled for Vengeance, in which the real Kane lost to the impostor. On the June 26 episode of Raw, Kane threw the impostor out of the arena and removed his mask, saying "I believe that this is mine." Kane was absent from WWE television for two months thereafter as he toured Europe to promote See No Evil. Kane returned at SummerSlam, attacking Umaga, who was interfering in the D-Generation-X verses Mr. McMahon and Shane McMahon tag-team match. Upon his return, he faced his former partner Big Show for the ECW Championship in a losing effort. Soon after, Kane would engage in a major feud with Umaga that concluded on October 9 in a "Loser Leaves Raw" match, which Kane lost.
Brothers of Destruction reunion (2006–2007)
On October 13, Kane moved to SmackDown! for the first time since the 2002 brand extension. On November 3, Kane reunited with The Undertaker as The Brothers of Destruction to defeat Montel Vontavious Porter (MVP) and Mr. Kennedy. Kane continued a feud with MVP competing in several gimmick matches. The end result of the feud was an Inferno match at Armageddon; Kane won by setting MVP's back on fire which resulted in first degree burns. Kane continued to have matches throughout the year with MVP.
On the SmackDown! before the Royal Rumble, Kane was involved in a six-man elimination over-the-top-rope battle royal, with King Booker, MVP, The Miz, Chris Benoit and Finlay. This match went to a no contest as The Undertaker interrupted after Kane had been eliminated and punished by the remaining opponents. At the Royal Rumble, Kane eliminated King Booker, but Booker re-entered the ring and eliminated Kane. A couple weeks later on SmackDown!, while receiving the key to the city in his hometown of Houston, Booker was attacked by Kane starting a feud between the two. At No Way Out, Kane defeated King Booker. On February 23, Kane lost to King Booker in a Falls Count Anywhere Money in the Bank Qualifying match after interference from The Great Khali, sparking a feud between the two. Prior to WrestleMania 23, Kane started to walk around with a hook, similar to the hook he used as Jacob Goodnight in See No Evil. At the event, Kane was defeated by Khali. During the match, in homage to Hulk Hogan slamming André the Giant twenty years earlier at WrestleMania III, Kane picked up Khali for the first time and body-slammed him to the mat. After WrestleMania, he began to feud with William Regal and Dave Taylor. The Boogeyman then joined the feud, teaming up with Kane. On the May 4 episode of SmackDown!, Kane competed in a number one contender's match for the United States Championship held by MVP. Kane lost due to interference by Regal and Taylor. On the May 25 episode of SmackDown!, Kane competed in a fatal four-way number one contender's match for the World Heavyweight Championship which was won by Batista. Kane then entered a short feud with Mark Henry. Kane was defeated by Henry in a Lumberjack match at One Night Stand due to interference from lumberjacks Kenny Dykstra and Chavo Guerrero and then took a short hiatus.
On the July 6 episode of SmackDown!, General Manager Theodore Long announced that Kane would face Edge for his World Heavyweight Championship at The Great American Bash. After Edge was attacked and injured by Kane and the title was vacated, Batista faced Kane in a number one contender's match. During the match, new World Heavyweight Champion The Great Khali interfered by attacking Batista; the match was ruled a no contest and both men were ruled the number one contenders, and were scheduled to face Batista in a triple threat match at the Great American Bash. Khali retained the title after pinning Kane for the win. Kane later teamed up with Batista on the August 18 episode of Saturday Night's Main Event to defeat Khali and Finlay. Kane then entered a storyline with Finlay, which led to a match at SummerSlam, which Kane won after chokeslamming Finlay. They continued to feud on SmackDown, which included Kane losing to Finlay and Kane in a number one contender's tournament after interference from Hornswoggle.
ECW Champion (2007–2008)
He then made an appearance on the October 16 episode of ECW as the hand-chosen partner of ECW Champion CM Punk, helping him defeat John Morrison, The Miz, and Big Daddy V in a three-on-two handicap match. In retaliation, Big Daddy V attacked Kane on the October 19 SmackDown, igniting a feud between the two. The two continued to battle in the following weeks. Kane was voted to face the defending champion MVP for his United States Championship at Cyber Sunday, which Kane won by countout and thus did not win the title. After this, he continued to feud with Big Daddy V, with the two ending up on opposite teams at Survivor Series, where Kane's team won. Big Daddy V eventually began to team with Mark Henry, while Kane teamed with CM Punk. The feud concluded at Armageddon, where Kane and Punk lost to Big Daddy V and Henry after Big Daddy V pinned CM Punk.
In a battle royal before WrestleMania XXIV, Kane won by last eliminating former rival Mark Henry, earning a match for the ECW Championship against Chavo Guerrero later that night. Kane defeated Guerrero in the fastest-ever WrestleMania match with a record-setting eleven seconds to win the ECW Championship. Shortly after winning the championship, Kane officially joined the ECW roster. At Backlash, Kane successfully defended the ECW Championship against Guerrero. He then continued teaming with CM Punk to earn a WWE Tag Team Championship match at Judgment Day, which the duo did not win. As part of the 2008 WWE Draft, Kane moved to the Raw brand, making the ECW Championship exclusive to Raw. Kane lost the ECW Championship to Mark Henry at Night of Champions in a triple threat match that also involved Big Show.
World Heavyweight Champion (2008–2011)
On the July 7 episode of Raw, Kane was denied a World Heavyweight Championship match at The Great American Bash leading him to attack commentators Michael Cole and Jerry Lawler turning heel in the process. At The Great American Bash, Kane interfered and attacked both the champion CM Punk and the challenger Batista. In September 2008, Kane began a feud with Rey Mysterio that lasted through Survivor Series. On the March 2 episode of Raw, Kane pinned Mike Knox in a triple threat match, also involving Rey Mysterio, to earn a spot in the Money in the Bank ladder match at WrestleMania XXV, a match ultimately won by CM Punk. During the 2009 draft Kane beat The Brian Kendrick for a draft pick and, later in the night, was drafted back to SmackDown. There, Kane feuded with CM Punk and defeated him to cap it off at Backlash. He then took a break to tour India and also heal injuries, returning at The Bash to assist Dolph Ziggler in his match with The Great Khali by hitting Khali with a steel chair, allowing Ziggler to win. This started a feud with Khali, whom he defeated at SummerSlam and in a Singapore Cane match at Breaking Point. Alongside Chris Jericho, Kane was co-captain for the victorious Team SmackDown at Bragging Rights. Kane then unsuccessfully challenged Jericho in a number one contender's match for an opportunity to face World Heavyweight Champion The Undertaker and Big Show in a triple threat match at Survivor Series. In 2010, at WrestleMania XXVI during the Money in the Bank ladder match, Kane was unsuccessful in claiming the briefcase. Over the next few months, Kane was involved in sporadic singles matches on episodes of SmackDown!, including a loss to CM Punk in May in a qualifying match for the World Heavyweight Championship match for the Fatl 4-Way pay-per-view event. The following week on SmackDown, Kane stated he had found his brother The Undertaker in a "vegetative state" over Memorial Day weekend and vowed revenge on whoever was responsible. Due to The Undertaker's injury, a battle royal was held to determine his replacement for Fatal 4-Way, which Rey Mysterio won by last eliminating Kane.
Kane participated in his fourth Money in the Bank ladder match at its first eponymous pay-per-view. He won the match, and cashed in his Money in the Bank contract later that night and defeated Rey Mysterio (who had just defeated Jack Swagger) to win the World Heavyweight Championship. He became the only wrestler to cash in the Money in the Bank contract on the same night it was won. On the next SmackDown! on July 23, Kane accused Mysterio of putting The Undertaker in a vegetative state; Mysterio countered the accusations, claiming that Kane himself was the perpetrator. At SummerSlam, Kane retained the World Heavyweight Championship against Mysterio, and following their match, The Undertaker appeared. Kane was revealed as The Undertaker's attacker, reigniting their feud. He successfully defended the World Heavyweight Championship against The Undertaker, in a No Holds Barred match at Night of Champions. On the following episode of Smackdown!, a casket was brought to ringside by druids to reveal the return of Paul Bearer, supporting The Undertaker. At Hell in a Cell, Bearer turned on The Undertaker, and allied himself with Kane, who retained the World Heavyweight Championship with Bearer's help. At Bragging Rights, Kane defeated Undertaker in a Buried Alive match to retain the title again after help from The Nexus. Kane then rekindled his feud with Edge, who, on the October 28 episode of SmackDown!, was named the new challenger to Kane's World Heavyweight Championship at Survivor Series. On the November 12 episode of SmackDown, Edge kidnapped Bearer and started to play mind games with Kane, trying to psychologically wear him down before their title match. At Survivor Series, Kane retained his title after the referee determined the match a draw due to both men pinning each other at the same time. As Edge still had Bearer in his captivity, Kane agreed to a rematch at the next pay-per-view. On December 3, Edge defeated Kane in a non-title match to win the right to determine the stipulation for the title match; Edge chose a Tables, Ladders and Chairs match. The following week, Kane accidentally injured Bearer, believing it to be another hoax by Edge, and Bearer was written out of the storyline. At TLC: Tables, Ladders and Chairs, Kane lost the championship to Edge, in a four-way Tables, Ladders and Chairs match, also involving Mysterio and Alberto Del Rio. Kane received his rematch for the World Heavyweight Championship on the January 7, 2011 episode of SmackDown in a Last Man Standing match, but was unsuccessful.
Kane competed in the 2011 Royal Rumble match, and was the last person to enter the match, but was eliminated by Mysterio. Kane competed in the 2011 Elimination Chamber match, eliminating Drew McIntyre and Big Show before being eliminated by Edge. The following month, Kane reunited with the Big Show against a common enemy, turning face in the process: The Corre. Kane and Big Show challenged them for the tag team title and saving other wrestlers from their attacks. At WrestleMania XXVII, Big Show and Kane teamed with Santino Marella and Kofi Kingston to beat The Corre. The next week, a rematch took place, under two of three falls rules, which Kane's team won. On the April 22 episode of SmackDown, the duo defeated Corre members Justin Gabriel and Heath Slater to win the WWE Tag Team Championship, their second championship as a team. Big Show and Kane then started feuding with the New Nexus. After defending the titles against CM Punk and Mason Ryan at Over the Limit, Kane and Big Show lost the championship to Michael McGillicutty and David Otunga on the following day on Raw. The team disbanded after the match, as Big Show suffered an injury. Kane participated in the second annual SmackDown Money in the Bank ladder match but the match was won by Daniel Bryan. On the July 22 episode of SmackDown, Kane was attacked by Mark Henry, who injured his leg with a steel chair. WWE reported the attack had fractured Kane's fibula, likely to sideline him for five months.
Remasking and Team Hell No (2011–2013)
Beginning in November 2011, WWE began airing vignettes featuring Kane and a burning red mask, and ending with the words Kane Resurrected appearing on screen. Kane returned on the December 12 episode of Raw wearing a metallic mask and new ring attire inspired by the incisions of a postmortem human body after an autopsy. He interrupted the main event between Mark Henry and John Cena, attacking Cena before removing the metallic mask to reveal a new red mask and turning heel once again. Kane continued to attack Cena in the following weeks, claiming he wanted Cena to "embrace the hate" from Cena's detractors, rather than try to "Rise Above Hate", as Cena's T-shirt proclaimed. Kane also attacked and injured Cena's ally Zack Ryder. Kane and John Cena fought to a double countout at the Royal Rumble. On February 19 at Elimination Chamber, Cena defeated Kane in an Ambulance match to end the feud. In March, Kane initiated a feud with Randy Orton by attacking him. Kane later explained that he needed to feel like a monster again, and believed that defeating Orton would allow him to do that. Orton retaliated in the following weeks, leading to a match at WrestleMania XXVIII, which Kane won. In a rematch on the following SmackDown, Orton defeated Kane in a No Disqualification match. After Kane attacked Orton and his father, "Cowboy" Bob Orton, the pair faced off at Extreme Rules, in a Falls Count Anywhere match, which Orton won by utilizing a steel chair.
Kane then engaged in a three-way feud with WWE Champion CM Punk and Daniel Bryan after Bryan interfered in a non-title match between Kane and Punk to frame Punk for attacking Kane with a steel chair. On the June 1 episode of SmackDown, a WWE Championship match between Kane and Punk ended in a double disqualification after Bryan attacked both men. Meanwhile, Bryan's jilted ex-girlfriend AJ turned her affections to both Punk and Kane. The feud culminated in a triple threat match at No Way Out, where Punk retained the WWE Championship after AJ distracted Kane. At Raw 1000, Kane turned face, when he was saved by his brother The Undertaker from an attack by Jinder Mahal, Drew McIntyre, Tyler Reks, Curt Hawkins, Hunico and Camacho. At SummerSlam, Kane was defeated by Bryan.
As a result of Bryan and Kane's issues, AJ enrolled them in anger management classes hosted by Dr. Shelby and they were later forced to compete in a "Hug it Out" match. At the arrangement of Dr. Shelby and AJ, the two adversaries formed a team whose constant infighting during matches inadvertently resulted in them defeating The Prime Time Players (Titus O'Neil and Darren Young) to become the number one contenders to the WWE Tag Team Championship, and defeating champions Kofi Kingston and R-Truth to win the championship at Night of Champions. Kane and Bryan made their first successful title defense the following night on Raw, defeating the former champions in a rematch. The following week on Raw, "Team Hell No" was chosen as the official team name via a Twitter poll. Team Hell No entered a feud with Team Rhodes Scholars (Cody Rhodes and Damien Sandow), and successfully defended the championship against them on multiple occasions. On the November 26 episode of Raw, both Kane and Bryan were assaulted by The Shield (Seth Rollins, Dean Ambrose, and Roman Reigns). Team Hell No allied with Ryback to face The Shield, but lost a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match at TLC: Tables, Ladders and Chairs. Further successful title defenses against Team Rhodes Scholars and 3MB (Drew McIntyre and Heath Slater) followed throughout December 2012 and January 2013. On the February 11 episode of Raw, Kane defeated Dolph Ziggler to earn the final spot in the number one contender Elimination Chamber match for the World Heavyweight Championship, but was the second man eliminated from the match at the Elimination Chamber pay-per-view. On April 7 at WrestleMania 29, Team Hell No defeated Dolph Ziggler and Big E Langston in another successful title defense. Following WrestleMania, Team Hell No rekindled their rivalry with The Shield after they saved The Undertaker from The Shield. On the April 22 episode of Raw, Team Hell No and The Undertaker were defeated by the Shield in a six-man tag team match. Kane and Bryan then faced members of the stable in both tag team and singles competition, but were mainly unsuccessful. On May 19 at Extreme Rules, Kane and Bryan lost the WWE Tag Team Championship to Shield members Seth Rollins and Roman Reigns, ending their reign at 245 days. Team Hell No lost their rematch against Reigns and Rollins on May 27.
On the June 14 episode of SmackDown, Kane, Bryan, and Randy Orton ended the Shield's unpinned/unsubmitted streak in televised six-man tag matches. Kane unsuccessfully challenged Dean Ambrose for the United States Championship three days later at Payback and the following night on Raw.
On the July 8 episode of Raw, Kane was attacked and injured by the debuting Wyatt Family, removing him from his scheduled match at Money in the Bank. Kane returned three weeks later, losing to Bryan. Following the match, he was attacked again by the Wyatt Family, setting up a Ring of Fire match at SummerSlam against Bray Wyatt. Kane lost the match, following interference from Erick Rowan and Luke Harper, and after another attack, he was carried out of the arena by the Wyatt Family. The storyline was put in place to allow Jacobs time off to film See No Evil 2.
Director of Operations (2013–present)
Following a two-month hiatus, Kane returned at Hell in a Cell on October 27, attacking both The Wyatt Family and The Miz. The following night on Raw, Kane turned heel as he pledged allegiance to Stephanie McMahon by handing her his mask, and reinforced his loyalty the following week by aiding members of The Authority. As part of his character change, he appeared unmasked and wore a suit and tie to fit in with the corporate ideology of The Authority, and was given a fictional role as "Director of Operations". Kane participated in the 2014 Royal Rumble, and was eliminated by CM Punk. He re-appeared later during the match, eliminating Punk to tie the record for most eliminations in the Royal Rumble match; however, his thirteen-year-old record for most eliminations in a single Rumble was broken by Roman Reigns. Kane then involved himself in The Authority's feud with Daniel Bryan, which included Kane booking himself in a match with Bryan on the February 17 episode of Raw and interfering in the Elimination Chamber match between Bryan and Randy Orton at Elimination Chamber.
Following WrestleMania XXX, after Kane and The New Age Outlaws lost to the Shield, Kane was berated by Stephanie McMahon and told to find the "Big Red Monster" that he was before. He retrieved his mask that same week, attacking Big Show on Main Event. McMahon announced Kane as the number one contender to the WWE World Heavyweight Championship at Extreme Rules, prompting Kane to attack champion Daniel Bryan and his wife Brie Bella. Kane lost his title match to Bryan at Extreme Rules. At Money in the Bank, Kane aided Seth Rollins to capture his Money in the Bank contract, but he failed to win the WWE World Heavyweight Championship in a ladder match against seven other superstars. At Battleground, Kane took part in a Fatal 4-Way match for the WWE World Heavyweight Championship against John Cena, Randy Orton, and Roman Reigns, but Cena retained the title.
On the August 4 episode of Raw, after Kane lost to Roman Reigns in a Last Man Standing match, he once again removed his mask and gave it to Stephanie McMahon. The next week on Raw, Kane resumed his role as The Authority's Director of Operations. At Survivor Series, Kane was part of Team Authority in the main event, but he was eliminated by Dolph Ziggler, who ultimately won the match for Team Cena. After Survivor Series, he began feuding with Ryback, which led to a match between the two at TLC, where Ryback emerged victorious. On January 25, 2015 at the Royal Rumble, Kane eliminated four superstars, surpassing Shawn Michaels’ record for most overall eliminations in the Royal Rumble match. At Fastlane, Kane, Big Show and Seth Rollins defeated Dolph Ziggler, Erick Rowan and Ryback when Kane pinned Ziggler. Kane participated in the 2nd Annual André the Giant Memorial Battle Royal at WrestleMania 31, but he was eliminated by Cesaro. At Extreme Rules, Kane served as the "gatekeeper" for the WWE World Heavyweight Championship steel cage match between Seth Rollins and Randy Orton, which Rollins won by escaping the cage. At Payback, Kane helped Rollins to retain his title in a Fatal 4-Way match against Dean Ambrose, Randy Orton, and Roman Reigns.
On the July 13 episode of Raw, Kane was attacked by Brock Lesnar. Lesnar smashed Kane's ankle with the steel ring steps, resulting in the ankle being broken. Kane's injury was further exacerbated by Rollins after the latter berated and kicked the injured Director of Operations. Kane will be out of action indefinetely, however, there have been no announcements of changes regarding Kane's position in the Authority, as of yet.
Jacobs made his film debut as "Jacob Goodnight" in the first production of WWE Studios, See No Evil, which was released on May 19, 2006. Jacobs has also made an appearance in the film, MacGruber, alongside fellow WWE wrestlers Montel Vontavious Porter, Chris Jericho, The Great Khali, Mark Henry, and Big Show. A sequel to See No Evil, also starring Jacobs, was announced in August 2013 and was released on October 21, 2014.
Kane appeared on a special WWE episode of The Weakest Link in March 2002, and won by beating out Bubba Ray Dudley in the final round. The money won was donated to Jacobs's chosen charity, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, in Memphis, Tennessee. He also appeared on Smallville series episode "Combat" as Titan alongside former WWE Diva Ashley Massaro. The episode was aired on March 22, 2007. Kane was also featured in a Chef Boyardee commercial in which he attempts to eat while wearing his mask.
The Kane character was featured in the fourteen-issue Undertaker comic book produced by the now-defunct Chaos! Comics in 1999. The character only spoke once, in the Undertaker Halloween Special, which tied into the single issue Mankind comic book produced by the same company. A book written by Michael Chiappetta detailing the origins of Kane titled Journey into Darkness: An Unauthorized History of Kane was released in 2005. WWE released a three-disc anthology titled, The Twisted, Disturbed Life of Kane on December 9, 2008. The DVD consists of Kane's greatest feuds and rivalries during his first ten years.
Jacobs hosted a podcast titled The Tiny Political Show under the pseudonym Citizen X from March 16, 2007 to March 13, 2008. Jacobs also ran a blog called The Adventures of Citizen X at AdventuresOfCitizenX.com from 2007 at least until July 17, 2011, though its last update at that time was made on May 28 earlier in the year. However, he launched the website back up with its first update on July 1, 2012. Jacobs is a contributor to LewRockwell.com.
In an October 2014 interview conducted with the Pitch, Jacobs revealed that he has no plans to retire from WWE. Jacobs said "I’m still having fun, I’ve been fortunate in that I haven’t had any really bad injuries. I stay in good shape. I can still perform at a high level. I get in there and hang with guys that are almost half my age. And, in fact, I feel like they have to hang with me rather than me hang with them. So as long as I can do that, I’m good with WWE as long as I’m having fun and as long as that I’m performing at a level that is acceptable to me.
|2006||See No Evil||Jacob Goodnight|
|2014||Scooby-Doo! WrestleMania Mystery||Himself|
|2014||See No Evil 2||Jacob Goodnight|
|2007||Smallville||Titan||Season 6, Episode 17: "Combat"|
|2013–2015||The JBL and Renee Show||Himself||recurring role|
Jacobs is married to Crystal Maurisa Goins since August 23, 1995. Together they have two children. Jacobs is also involved in political issues, and publishes his views via a blog. He supported Ron Paul for President in 2008. He is a member of the Free State Project, and spoke at the organization's 2009 New Hampshire Liberty Forum. He has also spoken at the Ludwig von Mises Institute.
In an interview on the Tom Woods Show libertarian podcast, Jacobs mentioned Woods, Harry Browne, Ron Paul, John Stossel, Peter Schiff, and Murray Rothbard as his political influences, and stated he is "theoretically a Rothbardian", but does not believe that a stateless society will be achieved in his lifetime. Some Tea Party affiliated groups attempted to recruit Jacobs to run in the 2014 Republican U.S. Senate primary in Tennessee against Sen. Lamar Alexander.
Outside of wrestling, Jacobs also works as an insurer; he and his wife own an Allstate agency in Knoxville, Tennessee. In a July 2015 interview for Realtor.com, the website of the National Association of Realtors, Jacobs indicated that the couple's obligations to their insurance business led them to place their Jefferson City home up for sale. The home, built in 2005, was an hour's drive from the agency, and both Jacobs and his wife eventually tired of the commute.
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
- Backbreaker, sometimes transitioned into a submission or preceded by a tilt-a-whirl
- Big boot
- Cradle slam
- Military press drop, or slam
- Multiple clothesline variations
- Multiple powerslam variations
- Multiple suplex variations
- Running DDT
- Running front dropkick to a seated opponent, usually preceded by a scoop slam or a snapmare
- Tilt-a-whirl slam
- Uppercut/Throat thrust
- Entrance themes
- "Burned" by Jim Johnston (October 5, 1997 – June 12, 2000)
- "Out of the Fire" by Jim Johnston (June 19, 2000 – March 28, 2002)
- "Rollin' (with "Out of the Fire" intro)" by Limp Bizkit (February 2001 – November 18, 2001; used while a part of The Brothers of Destruction)
- "Slow Chemical" by Finger Eleven (April 1, 2002 – August 11, 2008)
- "Rest in Fire" (Man on Fire + Rest in Peace) by Jim Johnston (March 14, 2004 – March 6, 2010; used while a part of The Brothers of Destruction)
- "Man on Fire" by Jim Johnston (August 18, 2008 – July 22, 2011)
- "Veil of Fire" by Jim Johnston (December 12, 2011–present)
Championships and accomplishments
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment/WWE
- ECW Championship (1 time)
- WCW World Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with The Undertaker
- World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- WWE Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Big Show (1) and Daniel Bryan (1)
- WWF Championship (1 time)
- WWF Hardcore Championship (1 time)
- WWF/E Intercontinental Championship (2 times)
- WWF (World) Tag Team Championship (9 times) – with Mankind (2), X-Pac (2), The Undertaker (2), The Hurricane (1), Rob Van Dam (1), and Big Show (1)
- Bragging Rights Trophy (2009) – with Team SmackDown (Chris Jericho, R-Truth, Matt Hardy, Finlay, and The Hart Dynasty (David Hart Smith and Tyson Kidd))
- Money in the Bank (SmackDown 2010)
- Most total Royal Rumble eliminations of all-time (recognized as 40 – also has three more under prior personas)
- Slammy Awards (2 times)
- Eighth Triple Crown Champion
- Third Grand Slam Champion
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Most Disgusting Promotional Tactic (2004) Impregnating Lita
- Most Overrated (2010, 2014)
- Worst Feud of the Year (2002) vs. Triple H
- Worst Feud of the Year (2003) vs. Shane McMahon
- Worst Feud of the Year (2004) vs. Matt Hardy and Lita
- Worst Feud of the Year (2007) vs. Big Daddy V
- Worst Feud of the Year (2008) vs. Rey Mysterio
- Worst Feud of the Year (2010) vs. Edge
- Worst Feud of the Year (2012) vs. John Cena
- Worst Gimmick (1996) as Fake Diesel
- Worst Worked Match of the Year (2001) with The Undertaker vs. KroniK at Unforgiven
Luchas de Apuestas record
|Winner (wager)||Loser (wager)||Location||Event||Date||Notes|
|Kane (mask)||Vader (mask)||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||Over the Edge||May 31, 1998|
|Triple H (championship)||Kane (mask)||New York City, New York||Raw||June 23, 2003|
- "Kane Bio". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Kane". Canoe.ca. Québecor Média. Retrieved December 5, 2007.
- "IGN: Kane (WWE) Biography". IGN. Retrieved May 19, 2008.
- Oliver, Greg (2007). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Heels. ECW Press. p. 228. ISBN 1-55022-759-9.
- Nair, Mona. "WWE wrestler challenges Lt. Gov. Ramsey to Internet sales tax debate". WATE. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- Rowe, Vance (May 5, 2008). "The Big Red Machine". BellaOnline. Retrieved May 22, 2008.
- "Kane". WWE. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- Martin, Fin (July 2013). "The 10 best U.S.-style all-rounders". Power Slam (SW Publishing) (226): 31.
'Stone Cold' came back from a devastating neck injury caused by a botched Owen Hart tombstone at SummerSlam 1997 to become wrestling's biggest star from 1998–2003. The poster boy for the WWF's Attitude Era, 'The Rattlesnake' was a bundle of charisma and energy, whose brawling-based matches exuded intensity and excitement.
- "Kane: Profile & Match Listing". Internet Wrestling Database. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Caldwell, James (February 2, 2015). "LIVE REPORT – 2/2 Stone Cold & Triple H Podcast". PWTorch. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Triple H". Stone Cold Podcast. Season 1. Episode 2. February 2, 2015. 57 minutes in. WWE Network. WWE.
- Dunham, Jeremy (September 15, 2003). "Smackdown Countdown 2003: Kane". IGN.
- Morrow, Terry (March 26, 1999). "Calm Influence of Family at Center of Life For This WWF Dynamo.". Knoxville News-Sentinel. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "Bluegrass Brawl III results". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Smoky Mountain Wrestling Tag Team Title". Hisa's Puroresu Dojo. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "SMW Tag Team Title". Wrestling Supercards and Tournaments. Retrieved October 21, 2007.
- 1995 results. The History of WWE. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Oliver, Greg (2007). The Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame: The Heels. ECW Press. p. 227. ISBN 1-55022-759-9.
- 1996 results. The History of WWE. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- 1997 results. The History of WWE. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- "WrestleMania XIV Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Unforgiven 1998 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "King Of The Ring 1998 Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Kane's first WWE title reign". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "World Tag Team Title History". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "Judgment Day 1998 Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Survivor Series 1998 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- Degeneration X History. Kulasd.tripod.com. Retrieved on November 29, 2011.[unreliable source?]
- "WrestleManiaXVI Results". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "King Of The Ring 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "SummerSlam 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Survivor Series 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Rebellion 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Armageddon 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- Stewart, Josh (January 26, 2014). "Batista wins WWE Royal Rumble 2014". Newsday. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Stone Cold (No. 27) wins the Royal Rumble Match. WWE (January 31, 2001). Retrieved on November 29, 2011.
- "WrestleMania X-Seven (XVII) Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "Hardcore Title History". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "History of the Intercontinental Championship: Kane". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- Duncan, Royal. "WCW – World Championship Wrestling WCW World Tag Team Title History". Solie. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
- "SummerSlam 2001 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "Survivor Series 2001". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "WrestleMania X-8 (XVIII) Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "History of the Intercontinental Championship: Kane (2)". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "History of the Intercontinental Championship: Kane (2)". WWE. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- Reynolds, R. D. (2003). WrestleCrap: The Very Worst of Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 267. ISBN 1-55022-584-7.
- McMahon (DVD). World Wrestling Entertainment. 2006.
- "No Mercy 2002 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved November 3, 2007.
- "SummerSlam 2003 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
- "Unforgiven 2003 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
- "Survivor Series 2003 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
- "WrestleMania XX Results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved October 30, 2007.
- Clevett, Jason (August 16, 2004). "Orton-Benoit, Guerrero-Angle save SummerSlam". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Sokol, Chris (October 20, 2004). "Nothing Taboo at Tuesday PPV". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Tylwalk, Nick (January 10, 2005). "No Revolution: Triple H prevails". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Sokol, Chris (May 2, 2005). "Hulkamania rules Backlash". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Sokol, Chris (June 27, 2005). "Batista retains with a Vengeance". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Milner, John M. "Lita". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- "RAW results – October 17, 2005". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "RAW results – April 3, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "RAW results – April 10, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "SmackDown results – May 19, 2006". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "Vengeance 2006 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "RAW results – June 26, 2006". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "Armageddon 2006 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 25, 2007.
- "Royal Rumble 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- "Kane def. King Booker". World Wrestling Entertainment. February 17, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- Difino, Lennie (February 23, 2007). "Money in ye Bank". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- "One Night Stand 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- "World Heavyweight Champion The Great Khali def. Batista and Kane (Triple Threat Match)". WWE. June 24, 2007. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Rote, Andrew (August 18, 2007). "Saturday night's alright for fighting". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- "SummerSlam 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- Rote, Andrew (October 16, 2007). "Setting the night on fire". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved October 24, 2007.
- "SmackDown results – October 19, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
- "SmackDown results – November 7, 2007". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
- "Kane def. United States Champion MVP (Countout, MVP retains)". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- "Survivor Series 2007 results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
- "ECW Championship official title history". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
- Plummer, Dale (March 31, 2008). "Mayweather, Orton survive Mania; Edge, Flair don't". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
- Rote, Andrew (May 18, 2008). "Sunday night delight". World Wrestling Entertainment. Archived from the original on May 19, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (June 23, 2008). "A Draft Disaster". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved June 25, 2008.
- Andrew Rote Results:World's Strongest Extreme Champion. WWE. June 29, 2008
- Breaking the news. WWE. Retrieved on November 29, 2011.
- "Kane won SmackDown Money in the Bank Ladder Match". WWE. July 18, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "World Champion Rey Mysterio def. Jack Swagger; Kane def. Rey Mysterio (New World Champion)". WWE. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- Hillhouse, Dave (September 25, 2010). "Smackdown: Kickin’ it old school". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Hillhouse, Dave. "Hell in a Cell: Betrayal, fan interference, and flying shoes". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "WrestleMania 27 live coverage from the Georgia Dome". Wrestling Observer. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Tedesco, Mike. "Smackdown Results – 4ref". Wrestleview. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Plummer, Dale. "RAW: Cena gets nothing but the R-Truth". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
- "Mark Henry injures Kane". WWE. July 23, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 11/28: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Piper's Pit with Cena, WWE Title match". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 12/5: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – #1 contender matches, WWE Network announcement". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 12/12: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live three-hour Monday Night Raw – Henry vs. Cena, Slammys, final TLC hype". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- "RAW Results – December 19, 2012". WWE. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- "WWE News: Raw news & notes – Kane reveals Cena feud, Punk runs gauntlet, Truth returns, final mystery vignette, Clay's return, UFC/Lesnar ads". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 1/23: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – final Royal Rumble hype, Jericho Week 4, Clay Week 3". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "RAW results – January 23, 2012 – Zach Ryder Injury Update". WWE. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Royal Rumble report 1/29: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Rumble match, Punk-Ziggler, Cena-Kane, steel cage". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Giannini, Alex (February 6, 2012). "John Cena vs. Kane (Ambulance Match)". WWE. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 3/2: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Randy Orton's return vs. Daniel Bryan".
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 3/16: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including the return of Christian's Peep Show".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 3/5: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Michaels returns to Raw, Rock-Cena in Cena's hometown".
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 3/9: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including John Laurinaitis running the episode".
- "Randy Orton vs. Kane". WWE. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 4/6: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Sheamus vs. Alberto Del Rio".
- "Randy Orton and "Cowboy" Bob Orton injury update". WWE. April 11, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Giannini, Alex. "Randy Orton vs. Kane – Falls Count Anywhere Match". WWE. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 5/18: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Sheamus vs. Orton".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 5/21: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw #990 – Over the Limit PPV fall-out".
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 5/25: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Triple-Threat #1 Contender Match".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 5/28: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw #991 – Show vs. Brodus teased main event, Punk-Bryan, no Cena".
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 6/1: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including C.M. Punk vs. Kane for the WWE Title".
- Giannini, Alex. "MonsThe ter and the Madwoman?". WWE. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE No Way Out report 6/17: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Cena vs. Show, potential "firings," who will A.J. choose?". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE SummerSlam PPV Report 8/19: Complete "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Lesnar vs. Triple H, Punk vs. Cena vs. Show". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 8/27: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Triple H addresses retirement, Cena-Punk continues, cage main event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 9/3: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Punk returns home, Anger Management". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 9/10: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Hart back in Montreal, final PPV hype". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Night Of Champions PPV Results 9/18: Complete "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Triple H vs. C.M. Punk". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 9/17: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – PPV fall-out, Cena & Sheamus vs. Punk & Del Rio "super main event"". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 9/24: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Cena announcement, Lawler interview, latest on WWE Title picture". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Caldwell's WWE Hell In A Cell PPV Report 10/28: Complete "virtual time" coverage of live PPV – Did WWE pull the trigger on Ryback as top champ?". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "Cupach's WWE Main Event Results 11/14: Cody injured in Tag Title match, Miz-Ziggler, what changed from the taping to TV?".
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 11/26: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – The Shield speaks, Cena-Ziggler". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 12/3: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – McMahon returns, Punk takes a Test". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Caldwell, James. "Caldwell's WWE TLC PPV Results 12/16: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of final 2012 PPV – Cena vs. Ziggler main event, Shield makes a statement". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- "Cupach's WWE Main Event Results 12/19: Kane & Bryan defend Tag Titles, Players vs. Team Co-Bro".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 12/31: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of New Year's Eve episode – Champion's Choice Night ends with Cena dressing down Ziggler".
- "WWE Tag Team Champions Team Hell No def. Team Rhodes Scholars". WWE. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 2/11: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – The Rock returns for Story Time, final Chamber PPV hype, Jericho vs. Bryan".
- Caldwell, James. "WWE News: Chamber PPV results & notes – WM29 main event set, World Title match set, Shield big win, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Caldwell's WWE WrestleMania 29 PPV Results: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live PPV from MetLife Stadium – Rock-Cena II, Taker-Punk, Lesnar-Hunter, more".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 4/8: Complete "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – WM29 fall-out, new World Champ, no Rock, Taker live, crowd takes over".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 4/22 (Second Hour): Shield vs. The Undertaker six-man tag match, Ryder squashed".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 4/29 (Hour 3): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – New Main Event of WWE Champ & Tag Champs vs. Shield, more".
- "Parks' WWE SmackDown REPORT 5/3: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Friday night show, including Daniel Bryan vs. Ryback, Kane vs. Dean Ambrose".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 5/6 (Hour 3): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Ryback vs. Kane main event, Henry whips Sheamus, how did Raw go off the air?".
- "Cupach's WWE Main Event Results 5/15: Kane vs. Seth Rollins singles match, Sin Cara returns to WWE TV, Cross Rhodes vs. Capetown Werewolf 'main event'". Pro Wrestling Torch. May 15, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Bishop, Matt. "Lesnar finishes off Triple H at Extreme Rules". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 5/27 (Hour 2): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Memorial Day Raw – Tag Title match, HBK cameo, bizarre App Poll".
- "WWE News: Significant Smackdown Spoiler for Friday's episode (w/Analysis of potential fall-out scenarios)". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Plummer, Dale. "Smackdown!: The Shield handed their first loss heading into Payback". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- "Caldwell's WWE Payback PPV Results 6/16 (Hour 1): Axel captures IC Title in opening match, A.J. captures Divas Title, RVD returning to WWE".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 6/17 (Hour 2): Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of live Raw – Orton vs. Bryan, A.J. Lee-Stephanie McMahon promo exchange, U.S. Title match".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 7/8 (Hour 3): Punk vs. Orton main event & final MITB hype, Vickie fired in McMahon Family Segment, Wyatts debut & begin new feud". Pro Wrestling Torch.
- "WWE News: Kane's status revealed for Money in the Bank PPV". Pro Wrestling Torch.
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 7/29 (Hour 3): Cena vs. Ryback tables main event, Bryan vs. Kane, Wyatts, McMahons to give Bryan a "corporate make-over?"".
- "Caldwell's WWE Raw Results 8/5 (Hour 2): Cena responds to Bryan, Shield appears, Punk vs. Axel match".
- Plummer, Dale (August 19, 2013). "Daniel Bryan gets a brief taste of glory at SummerSlam". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- Namako, Jason (October 28, 2013). "Kane on "See No Evil 2", Stan Hansen added to WWE Alumni". WrestleView. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Waldman, Jon (October 27, 2013). "Hell in a Cell: The usual suspects end up on top". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved October 28, 2013.
- Asher, Matthew (October 29, 2013). "Raw: Fallout from Hell in the Cell is very intriguing". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- Caldwell, James (November 4, 2013). "Raw News: Big Show-The Authority developments, Bryan out of title picture, Cena, Kidd returns, Heyman update, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- Caldwell, James (November 6, 2013). "WWE News: Kane given a new TV title, Hunter briefly touches on Big Show storyline in Week 10 of interview series". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- Martin, Adam. "Royal Rumble 2014 Results". Wrestleview. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- Clapp, John. "WWE World Heavyweight Championship Elimination Chamber Match". Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results – 4/14/14 (Live results from Birmingham)". Wrestleview. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results – 4/21/14 (Live results from Baltimore)". Wrestleview. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results – 4/28/14 (Live results from St. Louis)". Wrestleview. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Seife, Andy. "WWE World Heavyweight Champion Daniel Bryan vs. Kane (Extreme Rules Match)". WWE. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- Clapp, John. "Seth Rollins won the Money in the Bank Contract Ladder Match". Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- Benigno, Anthony. "John Cena def. Randy Orton, Bray Wyatt, Roman Reigns, Cesaro, U.S. Champion Sheamus, Kane and Alberto Del Rio to become the new WWE World Heavyweight Champion". Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "WWE Battleground 2014 results". WWE. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results – 7/28/14 (New matches for SummerSlam)". Wrestleview. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results – 8/11/14 (Live results from Portland)". Wrestleview. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- "WWE Survivor Series results: John Cena, Seth Rollins, Dolph Ziggler, and a guy you may have heard of". Wrestling Observer. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Clapp, John. "2nd Annual André the Giant Memorial Battle Royal". WWE. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Murphy, Ryan. "WWE World Heavyweight Champion Seth Rollins won a Fatal 4-Way Match". WWE. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Staff, WWE.COM. "Kane suffers a broken ankle on Raw". WWE. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- Graser, Marc (August 6, 2013). "WWE Studios, Lionsgate Scare Up 'See No Evil' Sequel". Variety. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- Morrow, Terry (June 5, 2002). "Big Red Machine revving to get in ring". Knoxville News-Sentinel. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "The Twisted, Disturbed Life of Kane DVD/T-Shirt Package". WWE Shop. April 20, 2009. Archived from the original on April 20, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Tiny Political Show on BlogTalkRadio
- "AdventuresOfCitizenX.com: Joe Biden, Savior and Master of the Obvious". AdventuresOfCitizenX. July 17, 2011. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Glenn Jacobs on LewRockwell.com
- Martin, Adam (March 16, 2014). "WWE star opens up insurance company in Tennessee". wrestleview.com. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "The Jacobs Agency Insurance". jacobsagencytn.com. 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Biography for Glenn Jacobs". IMDb. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- Anderson, Anna Elizabeth (December 26, 2007). "WWE Monster Kane Talks Politics: Endorses Ron Paul for President". National Ledger.
- "New Hampshire Liberty Forum". Free State Project. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- Famed Wrestler Kane Visits the Mises Institute May 5, 2009
- WWE Wrestler Kane Talks Libertarianism, and His Heroes October 30, 2013
- "How Lamar Alexander Kept His Most Dangerous Opponents From Running". National Journal. August 7, 2014.
- Donofrio, Craig (July 17, 2015). "Chokeslam! WWE’s Kane Tells Us Why He’s Selling His Tennessee Estate". Realtor.com. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- "The 50 coolest maneuvers of all time". wwe.com. February 21, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Trionfo, Richard. "WWE SMACKDOWN REPORT: REY RETURNS TO THE RING; DOES DOLPH CASH IN THE BRIEFCASE?; IS CHRISTIAN TRYING TO BE THE BEST MAN IN THE WEDDING OF THE CENTURY OF THE YEAR OF NEXT WEEK?; SANDOW SAVES US". PWInsider. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- Stephens, David. "WWE RAW Results – 6/10/13 (Six days until Payback)". WrestleView. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Eck, Kevin (December 23, 2011). ""Eck's Factor": Weekly Analysis for Dec. 23, 2011". WWE. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
- "WWF Bio". WWF. Archived from the original on April 29, 1999. Retrieved June 19, 2008.
- Benigno, Anthony; Herrera, Tom (February 10, 2014). "15 Superstars' 'secret weapons'". wwe.com. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "411's Live! WWE No Way Out 2003 Coverage.::. Storm/Regal Vs Kane/RVD". 411mania. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- Tedesco, Mike. "Smackdown Results – 6/24/11". Wrestleview. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- Trionfo, Richard. "WWE SmackDown Report: Last Major Show Before Hell in a (or the) Cell; Tag Title Participants in Singles Matches; The Barrage Continues to Roll; Show and Sheamus Have Words for Each Other". PWInsider. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- Parks, Greg. "Parks' WWE SmackDown Report 1/1: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Morrison vs. McIntyre for the I.C. Title". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- Tait, James. "Tait's WWE SmackDown Report 2/24: Alt. perspective review of Vickie's "firing," Raw replays, Overall Picks & Highlights & Dusty Quotes". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- Cupach, Michael. "Cupach's WWE SmackDown Report 7/2: Alt. perspective review of Friday's show, Mike Reax to matches & segments". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- "Smackdown: The effects of Money and Monday". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "SmackDown: Tag belts and rivalries in the cage". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Main Event: Tag belts, Bryan and Kane lead first live show". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Smoky Mountain Wrestling (1995-01-02). "Unabomb introduced by Eddie Gilbert; Unabomb & "Hot Stuff" Eddie Gilbert Vs. The Rock 'n' Roll Express". SMW.
- "Jim Cornette profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- "Triple H answers questions about who the new 'corporate' Kane is". wwe.com. November 6, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/2015-06-25/results-june-25-2015-27552369/page-4 "An embattled Ryback continued to fight back, nearly defeating the Corporate Demon"
- "Kane won SmackDown Money in the Bank Ladder Match". WWE. July 18, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "World Champion Rey Mysterio def. Jack Swagger; Kane def. Rey Mysterio (New World Champion)". WWE. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
- "WWE: Kane has to bring back the mask and terrorize The Authority". GiveMeSport. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
- "Bio". WWE. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- Benigno, Anthony (April 21, 2014). "Raw results: Monsters and demons reign as Kane attacks Bryan and The Wyatts swarm Cena". wwe.com. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "WWE: The Music Vol 9 CD". WWE. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
- "the PWI Awards". Pro Wrestling Illustrated 34 (2): 34–35. 2014.
- "the PWI Awards". Pro Wrestling Illustrated 34 (2): 38–39. 2014.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners Tag Team of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated (PWI) 500 for 2011". The Internet Wrestling Database. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "USWA Heavyweight Championship history".
- "World Heavyweight Championship (WWE) history".
- "WWE News: Smackdown Spoilers 4/22 – Complete "virtual-time" coverage of Smackdown TV taping from London". Pro Wrestling Torch. April 19, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- "2010 Slammy Awards".
- Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2011). "Biggest issue of the year: The 2011 Wrestling Observer Newsletter Awards Issue". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, CA): 1–40. ISSN 1083-9593.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2015). "Jan. 26, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2014 awards issue w/ results & Dave’s commentary, Conor McGregor, and much more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 15. ISSN 1083-9593.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 23, 2013). "The 2012 Wrestling Observer Newsletter Annual Awards Issue". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California). ISSN 1083-9593.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenn Jacobs.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Glenn Jacobs|
- Kane's profile on WWE.com
- Isaac Yankem, D.D.S. profile
- Glenn "Kane" Jacobs at the Internet Movie Database
- The Politics of Glenn Jacobs