JR Kanegasaki Station
Location of Kanegasaki in Iwate Prefecture
|• Total||179.76 km2 (69.41 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2015)|
|• Density||88.8/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Flower||Satsuki azalea|
|• Bird||Copper pheasant|
|Address||22-1 Nishine-Minami-chō, Kanegasaki-chō, Isawa-gun, Iwate-ken 029-4592|
Kanegasaki (金ケ崎町? Kanegasaki-chō) is a town located in Isawa District, Iwate Prefecture, in the Tohoku region of northern Japan. As of September 2015, the town had an estimated population of 16,122 and a population density of 88.8 persons per km2. The total area was 179.76 square kilometres (69.41 sq mi).
Kanegasaki is located at the confluence of the Kitakami and Isawa rivers and is bordered to the north by Kitakami-shi, to the east and south by Ōshū-shi. In the mountains to the west, there is a large reservoir known as Sengaishi that is dammed and used for irrigating the rice paddies in the plain below. Kanegasaki is characterized by a variety of geographical features, including mountains and wide expanses of rice paddies to the west and a small merchant district and neighboring residential areas to the east. On the border of Kanegasaki and Esashi two neighborhoods (Jōnai and Suwa-kōji) were once the location of a castle that sat at the border of the Nambu and Date domains, and several examples of gardens and houses from the Edo period that were residences of samurai prior to the Meiji Restoration of 1868 remain.
The area of present-day Kanegasaki was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period by the Emishi people. During the later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before coming under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.
The modern village of Kanegasaki was founded on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was raised to town status on September 1, 1925. On March 1, 1955 Kanegasaki absorbed the neighboring village of Nagaoka, also from Isawa District.
Kanegasaki has a relatively diverse economy that includes rice paddies typical of the region, but also extensive dairy farms in the western portion of the town and a large industrial park. The industrial park has several different manufacturing facilities, such as a Toyota plant that produces Lexus automobiles (Kantō Jidōsha) and a Fujitsu semiconductor facility.
Kanegasaki has five elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. In addition,the town is known for having developed a system of Life-Long Learning Centers situated throughout the town that provide educational and other opportunities for the local residents.
- Amherst, Massachusetts, United States (since August 1993)
- Changchun, People's Republic of China (since February 1989)
- Leinefelde-Worbis, Germany (since September 2002) 
Noted people from Kanegasaki
- Houko Kuwashima – voice actress
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Friendly Cooperative Cities Of ChangChun". Official Government Website of Jilin Province. 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Städtepartnerschaften Leinefelde - Kanegasaki (Japan)" (in German). Leinefelde-Worbis government website. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
Media related to Kanegasaki, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (Japanese)