Kangaroo Point, Queensland

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Kangaroo Point
Story Bridge Side.jpg
Kangaroo Point, underneath the Story Bridge
Kangaroo Point is located in Queensland
Kangaroo Point
Kangaroo Point
Coordinates27°28′29″S 153°02′19″E / 27.4747°S 153.0386°E / -27.4747; 153.0386Coordinates: 27°28′29″S 153°02′19″E / 27.4747°S 153.0386°E / -27.4747; 153.0386
Population8,063 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density4,480/km2 (11,600/sq mi)
Area1.8 km2 (0.7 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)City of Brisbane (The Gabba Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)South Brisbane
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Kangaroo Point:
Brisbane City Fortitude Valley New Farm
Brisbane City Kangaroo Point New Farm
South Brisbane Woolloongabba East Brisbane

Kangaroo Point is an inner southern suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] In the 2016 census, Kangaroo Point had a population of 8,063 people.[1]

The suburb features two prominent attractions, the Story Bridge and Kangaroo Point Cliffs.


Kangaroo Point is located directly east across the Brisbane River from the Brisbane central business district, but being on the south side of the river is normally regarded as a southern suburb.

Kangaroo Point is located on a peninsula formed of harder rhyolite rock which the Brisbane River flows around. On the northern tip of the peninsula the Story Bridge connects it to the central business district and the suburb of Fortitude Valley. The suburb of Woolloongabba is located to the south. The six-lane Main Street runs from Story Bridge to Woolloongabba. The landscape of Kangaroo Point is predominantly high rise apartments towards the tip of the peninsula while the southern end is predominantly low-medium density apartments and Queenslander type houses.

At the northern tip of the peninsula is Captain Burke Park (27°27′55″S 153°02′06″E / 27.4653°S 153.0350°E / -27.4653; 153.0350 (Captain Burke Park)) with the Holman Street ferry wharf, barbeques, picnic facilities, playground, and outdoor fitness facilities.[4]


The Queensland Navy's main stores below the Kangaroo Point cliffs, with the gunship Paluma moored in the Brisbane River in the 1890s.
Kangaroo Point Ferry Terminal ca. 1928

Before British settlement, Kangaroo Point was settled by the Turrbal people.[5] It is one of the earliest suburbs settled in Brisbane and subsequently, is one of Brisbane's oldest suburbs, rich in history and character. It had a reputation for violent and rowdy street gangs around the 1900s, with a number of street riots.[6]

In 1823, explorer John Oxley described Kangaroo Point as a "jungle, fringed with mangroves with the higher land open forest, covered with grass". During the time of the subsequent convict settlement (1825–1841), Kangaroo Point was cleared and used for cultivation of crops. Subsequently, the area was opened up for free settlement, the first land sales taking place on 13 December 1843. Among the early purchasers was Captain John Clements Wickham, the Police Magistrate and later Government Resident. Surveyor James Warner built the first house at Kangaroo Point in 1844.[7]

Kangaroo Point's first school was opened in 1861 by the Church of England. It came under the control of the Board of Education in 1867 and consisted of a boys department and a girls department. A separate Girls and Infants school opened on 2 March 1874. This was replaced by the Kangaroo Point Girls School and the Kangaroo Point Infants School which both opened on 20 January 1890. The Kangaroo Point Boys School, Girls School and Infants School closed on 28 April 1950 and amalgamated to become the Kangaroo Point State School.[8] The Kangaroo Point State School closed on 30 June 1965.[9] The site was subsequently redeveloped as a TAFE college, on the corner of River Terrace and Main Street. In January 2010 this site was redeveloped into parkland extending the Kangaroo Point Cliffs Park (27°28′31″S 153°02′07″E / 27.4753°S 153.0352°E / -27.4753; 153.0352 (Kangaroo Point Cliffs Park)).[10][4]

In September 1865, 42 allotments of portion 35 of Kangaroo Point were advertised to be auctioned for sale by Arthur Martin & Co.[11] A map advertising the auction contained a diagram of subdivisions 1 to 31 situated between Ipswich Road and the Brisbane River.[12]

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School was founded by Mary MacKillop and opened on 19 March 1870 in Hubert Street in One Mile Swamp (now Woolloongabba) with 70 students. In January 1871, the school relocated to Leopold Street (not Leopard Street) at Kangaroo Point into an unlined timber building with a shingle roof on land provided by James Toohey. In 1879 the Sisters of Mercy took over the operation of the school, following a dispute between MacKillop and the Catholic Bishop of Brisbane.[13][14]

In 1887, the Yungaba Immigration Centre was built on Main Street at Kangaroo Point to replace the poor facilities at the existing centre in William Street.[15]

In June 1888, six allotments, being subdivisions 1 to 6 of subdivisions 7 to 11 of portions 68 in the Parish of Kangaroo Point, on Walmsley Street between the Garden Point Ferry and Main Street were advertised to be auctioned for sale by Simon Fraser & Son.[16] A map advertising the auction contained a local sketch by the surveyors, Hamilton & Raff.[17]

In September 1928, 19 subdivisions adjacent to the Brisbane River and titled "Town Reach River Sites" were advertised to be auctioned for sale by Isles, Love & Co Limited. A map advertising the auction includes an aerial photograph and a panoramic photograph of the area.[18][19]

For many years the suburb was dominated by the factories of heavy engineering businesses, particularly those involved in the maritime industry, such as Evans Deakin, Buzzacott & Co and Evans, Anderson, Phelan & Co. Evans Deakin built the largest ship ever constructed on the Brisbane River, the 66,000 tonne oil tanker Robert Miller, which became adrift in the river during the 1974 Brisbane flood.[20] The last vessel to be built by Evans Deakin was an oil rig called Southern Cross. The company vacated the site in 1976,[20] with it later being redeveloped for high-rise accommodation.

Stone was quarried from the cliffs and used as building material. Until the 1930s, Evans Anderson & Phelan built steam locomotives at their Kangaroo Point works for Queensland Railways, however their works were not located near a railway, so the completed locomotives were delivered along Main Street on temporary track.

Until the federation of the Australian colonies in 1901, the Queensland Navy's main storage facility was located in the suburb. The first ship-based radio transmission in Australia was made between HMAS Gayundah and the buildings in 1903. The naval stores buildings were occupied by the Royal Australian Navy until 1959, and then by the Australian Army until 1984. The heritage-listed buildings are now used by an adventure company focussing on river activities and rock climbing.

The opening of the Story Bridge (27°28′09″S 153°02′09″E / 27.4693°S 153.0359°E / -27.4693; 153.0359 (Story Bridge (Kangaroo Point end))) in July 1940 was the most significant development of the suburb. Trolleybuses operated by the Brisbane City Council linked the suburb with Fortitude Valley via the Story Bridge from 1953 to 1969, running along Main Street from Woolloongabba and other eastern suburbs.[21]

In 2004 2% of sex workers in Queensland were street prostitutes operating in inner Brisbane suburbs such as Kangaroo Point.[22][23]

In the 2016 census, Kangaroo Point had a population of 8,063 people.[1]


Kangaroo Point is a popular recreation spot, conveniently close to the city and the South Bank Parklands. The Kangaroo Point Cliffs, situated on the east bank of the city bend of the Brisbane River north of the Maritime Museum, opposite Riverstage and the Queensland University of Technology at Gardens Point. The Look-out at Kangaroo Point is also included as one of the stops of Brisbane Transport's City Sights bus service. Kangaroo Point is also home to one of less than 200 Mormon temples in the world {as of August 2015}. Kangaroo Point is also home to Ellis Street, one of the 20 steepest hills in Brisbane according to Brisbane City Council. Kangaroo Point is also home to the more-than-160-year-old St Mary's Anglican Church.

Brisbane's CBD from Kangaroo Point cliffs

The cliffs are a popular picnic, rock climbing and abseiling site. The steepness of the cliffs was increased by quarrying operations which mined the volcanic rock or rhyolite lava flows which form the cliffs. The lava was deposited in the Triassic Period about 230 million years ago and filled up an ancient river valley. They currently form the banks of the Brisbane River.

The Story Bridge is a prominent landmark. It is able to be climbed with authorised tourist groups and provides the main means of access to the north of Brisbane. Directly under the bridge is the Story Bridge Hotel, and Yungaba, one of Brisbane's most unusual and iconic landmarks.[24]

The Kangaroo Point Natural History Project was implemented by the council in 2013 to recognise the contribution by some of Queensland's pioneering scientists and researchers from the area. Along a heritage trail through the CT White and James Warner parks are a series of signs and sculptures to commemorate their lives and work: Cyril Tenison White (government botanist), Frederick Manson Bailey (colonial botanist), Silvester Diggles (naturalist), Oscar Werner Tiegs (entomologist and zoologist), James Warner (surveyor), and Harry Oakman (landscape artist).[25][4]


Walkway along the cliffs

By bus the suburb is serviced by the South East Busway transit line and buses along Main Street and Shafstons Avenue. By road Kangaroo Point residents rely on the Story Bridge and Captain Cook Bridge for access to the north, and the Southeast Freeway for access to the south. Main Street connects the Story Bridge through the suburb to the South East Freeway. Bicycle paths run along the Brisbane River from South Bank to and over the Story Bridge. The bicycle paths are heavily used by cyclists, roller skaters and pedestrians.

CityFerry service from the Eagle Street Pier in the CBD and the Sydney Street Pier in New Farm to Holman Street ferry wharf near the peak of Kangaroo Point, Thornton Street ferry wharf on the west side of the point, or Dockside ferry wharf on the east side. CityCat services do not directly service Kangaroo Point.[26]

The M7 Clem Jones Tunnel, a toll tunnel, which opened in March 2010, has a connection on Shafston Avenue. It diverts some traffic travelling through the suburb while providing an additional transport route for residents.

A green bridge was proposed in 2010 to the west to connect Kangaroo Point to Brisibane City and to the east to connect Kangaroo Point to Merthyr Road New Farm, but at March 2020 these projects have not been progressed.[27] The Cross River Rail tunnel is planned to connect under Kangaroo Point Cliffs from Woolloongabba to an Albert Street railway station.


In the 2011 census of Population and Housing, the population of Kangaroo Point postcode area was 7,000 people, in an area of 1.3 square kilometres.[28] The population was 48.3% females and 51.7% males. The median age of the Kangaroo Point population was 35 years of age, 2 years below the Australian median. 53.1% of people living in Kangaroo Point were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 5.2%, England 4.4%, India 1.6%, Ireland 1.6%, Taiwan 1.2%. 69.6% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 1.9% Mandarin, 1.8% Spanish, 0.9% Cantonese, 0.9% Nepali, 0.9% Italian. It has one of the city's highest proportion of residents living in flats, units or apartments (78.8%). Residents in stand alone houses make up only 16.6% of the population. 59.9% of residents are renters while only 18.7% fully own their dwelling. According to REIQ, the median house price in Kangaroo Point for the calendar year 2010 was $658,500.[29]


St Joseph's Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 26-36 Leopard Street (27°28′58″S 153°01′58″E / 27.4829°S 153.0329°E / -27.4829; 153.0329 (St Joseph's Primary School)).[30][31] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 318 students with 24 teachers (18 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[32]

There are no government schools in Kangaroo Point. The nearest government primary school is East Brisbane State School in East Brisbane. The nearest government secondary school is Coorparoo Secondary College in Coorparoo.[33]

For tertiary studies, Kangaroo Point is host to Shafston International College and the Aboriginal Centre for the Performing Arts (ACPA) (which has now moved to the Judith Wright Centre in Fortitude Valley) and was host to a Southbank Institute of TAFE campus until its demolition in 2009. Directly across the river from the cliffs is the Queensland University of Technology (Gardens Point campus) and in an adjacent suburb, the main campus for TAFE Queensland Brisbane (South Bank).

Heritage listings[edit]

Yungaba Immigration Centre and riverside lawn, 2015

Kangaroo Point has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kangaroo Point (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Kangaroo Point - suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 44658)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Kangaroo Point parks". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Turrbal History". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  6. ^ "School of hard knocks on cliffs". The Sunday Mail. Queensland Newspapers. 10 January 2010. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Saint Mary's: Our Rich History". Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  8. ^ BCM 1960 : Kangaroo Point State School in Main St
  9. ^ "Agency ID3303, Kangaroo Point State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  10. ^ Hurst, Daniel (22 April 2009). "Wrecking ball falls on South Bank TAFE". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier. XX (2, 378). Queensland, Australia. 12 September 1865. p. 6. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "City property plan of subdivision of portion no. 35, Kangaroo Point". 18 September 1865. hdl:10462/deriv/18688. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  14. ^ "St Joseph's History". St Joseph's Primary School. Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Yungaba Immigration Depot (entry 600245)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 895). Queensland, Australia. 19 June 1888. p. 8. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Choice allotments Walmsley Street, Kangaroo Point". 23 June 1888. hdl:10462/deriv/398712. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  18. ^ "Town Reach River sites". 22 September 1928. hdl:10462/deriv/258186. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  19. ^ "Advertising". The Brisbane Courier (22, 028). Queensland, Australia. 1 September 1928. p. 28. Retrieved 24 September 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ a b McBride, Frank; et al. (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 250–251. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6.
  21. ^ Clark, H.R.; Keenan, D.R. (1977). Brisbane's tramways: The last decade. Transit Press. ISBN 978-0-909338-01-5.
  22. ^ "Select Sex Industry Statistics" (PDF). www.pla.qld.gov.au/. Prostitution Licensing Authority. December 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  23. ^ "Prostitution crackdown: Calls for police to crackdown at inner Brisbane Suburb". news.com.au. The Courier Mail. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  24. ^ Kangaroo Point Archived 22 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Brisbane Tourism Guide. Retrieved on 2013-11-07.
  25. ^ "Kangaroo Point Natural History Project". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  26. ^ Translink Ferry Map Archived 20 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ "Brisbane, city of bridges?". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. 23 March 2010. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  28. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kangaroo Point (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 March 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  29. ^ Kangaroo Point. REIQ Suburb profile. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  30. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  31. ^ "St Joseph's Primary School". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  32. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Naval Stores (former) (entry 600239)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Raymond Park (West) Air Raid Shelter (entry 602478)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  36. ^ "Shafston House (entry 600241)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  37. ^ "Holman Street Ferry Terminal (entry 602445)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  38. ^ "Home (entry 600242)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Kangaroo Point Cliffs (entry 602400)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  40. ^ "Cliffside Apartments (entry 601650)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  41. ^ "Sunnyside (entry 601810)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  42. ^ "Silverwells (entry 600243)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  43. ^ "St Mary's Anglican Church (entry 600244)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  44. ^ "Scott Street Flats (entry 601171)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  45. ^ "Leckhampton (entry 600246)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  46. ^ "St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Cathedral (entry 600358)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  47. ^ "Raymond Park (East) Air Raid Shelter (entry 602479)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  48. ^ Philp, Angela (2000). "Payne, Frances Mallalieu (Frank) (1885–1976)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  49. ^ Cook, Margaret (2002). "Stewart, Charles Jackson (1876–1954)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.

External links[edit]