There are 38 Kangean Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Kangean) altogether with 6 inhabited, forming an archipelago that is part of Indonesia covering a total space of 668 square km. They are located in the Java Sea approximately 120 km (75 mi) north of Bali and 120 km east of Madura Island. The islands are administratively a part of Sumenep Regency within East Java province.
The largest island, at about 490 km², is Kangean Island. Other islands include Paliat, Sepanjang, and several smaller islands. The towns of Kalikatak and Arjasa, both on Kangean Island, are the area's largest population centres. The islands have strong historic and ethnic ties with Madura; the people of Kangean are almost 100% Moslem; most residents are ethnically Madurese.
The highest elevation point on the islands is in the northeast at 1,192 feet (364 m.), while overall the islands are low in elevation. The weather tends to rain regularly.
Saltwater crocodiles are reported to be present within the island's coastal mangroves.
They are administered as three districts (kecamatan) of Sumenep Regency - Arjasa, Kangayan, and Sapeken. Together, their population was 108,264 in the 2000 census, increasing to 123,367 in the 2010 count
Exports and reserves
Since 1993 the islands have been the site of substantial natural gas mining. The natural gas fields were first discovered and developed by the United States corporation ARCO, which became a subsidiary of BP in 2000. In mid-2004, BP sold its Kangean holdings to an Indonesian corporation, PT Energi Mega Persada. The islands are connected to East Java via a 430 km pipeline, most of which runs underwater.
In 2014, the local government agreed to reactivate an old airstrip on Kangean Island. The airstrip is 1,000 meters long and 30 meters wide.
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- "Pemkab Buka Lapter Eks Belanda di Pulau Kangean". May 7, 2014.
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