Kanggye

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Kanggye
강계시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl 강계시
 • Hancha 江界市
 • McCune-Reischauer Kanggye-si
 • Revised Romanization Ganggye-si
Factory in Kanggye
Factory in Kanggye
Kanggye is located in North Korea
Kanggye
Kanggye
Coordinates: 40°58′N 126°36′E / 40.967°N 126.600°E / 40.967; 126.600
Country  North Korea
Region Kwansŏ
Area
 • Total 263.667 km2 (101.802 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 251,971
 • Dialect P'yŏngan

Kanggye (Korean pronunciation: [kaŋ.ɡe]) is the provincial capital of Chagang, North Korea and has a population of 251,971. Because of its strategic importance, derived from its topography, it has been of military interest from the time of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910).

History[edit]

During the Korean War, after being driven from Pyongyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved the capital to Kanggye after first moving temporarily to Sinuiju.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Kanggye is located at the merging point of four rivers, including the Changja River.

Climate[edit]

Kanggye has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dwa).

Climate data for Kanggye
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.8
(42.4)
15.3
(59.5)
22.0
(71.6)
25.8
(78.4)
28.1
(82.6)
26.9
(80.4)
21.6
(70.9)
14.9
(58.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.9
(25)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.0
(32)
8.3
(46.9)
14.9
(58.8)
19.7
(67.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
15.7
(60.3)
8.2
(46.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
−9.5
(14.9)
6.8
(44.3)
Average low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
1.3
(34.3)
7.9
(46.2)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.2
(63)
9.8
(49.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−5.7
(21.7)
−15.1
(4.8)
0.8
(33.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
13
(0.51)
21
(0.83)
50
(1.97)
72
(2.83)
112
(4.41)
234
(9.21)
219
(8.62)
91
(3.58)
42
(1.65)
32
(1.26)
16
(0.63)
913
(35.93)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Kanggye is divided into 34 tong (neighbourhoods) and two ri (villages):

  • Changja-dong
  • Ch'ungsŏng-dong
  • Hyangro-dong
  • Hŭngju-dong
  • Kangsŏ-dong
  • Koyŏng 1-dong
  • Koyŏng 2-dong
  • Konggwi-dong
  • Kong'in-dong
  • Mansu-dong
  • Nammun-dong
  • Namsan-dong
  • Namch'ŏn-dong
  • Naeryong-dong
  • Oeryong-dong
  • Puch'ang-dong
  • Pukmun-dong
  • Rodongja-dong
  • Ryu-dong
  • Sinmun-dong
  • Sŏsan-dong
  • Sŏkcho-dong
  • Sŏkhyŏn-dong
  • Such'im-dong
  • Taeŭng-dong
  • Tŏksan-dong
  • Tongbu-dong
  • Tongmun-dong
  • Ŭijin-dong
  • Ŭnjŏng-dong
  • Yahak-tong
  • Yŏnju-dong
  • Yŏnp'ung-dong
  • Yŏnsŏk-tong
  • Sinhŭng-ri
  • Tuhŭng-ri

Transportation[edit]

Kanggye is a transportation hub, connected to other cities by road, rail and air. It lies at the junction of the Kanggye and Manp'o Lines. In addition, highways connect it to Pyongyang and other locations. The city is located near a military and civilian dual-purpose air station.

Culture[edit]

Kanggye University of Education, Kanggye University of Technology, and the Kanggye University of Medicine are located in the city.

Places of tourist interest include Inphung Pavilion and Mount Ryonhwa.

Industry[edit]

From 1945, the manufacturing industry developed rapidly.

Kanggye has a mining industry producing copper, zinc ore, coal and graphite.

Kanggye hosts one of the main timber processing factories of Chagang province and North Korea.

Kanggye Timber Processing Factory[edit]

Fabrica Procesamiento Madera Kanggye (3).jpg

Kanggye Timber Processing Factory is a small state-run factory located in Kanggye City. At the start of operations, it produced only two kinds of furniture (dining tables and sterilized chopsticks) through manual labour. Over time it has developed into a comprehensive modernized furniture producer, producing woodwork with a hundred and dozens of modern facilities in production.

Amongst machinery in use are three- and four-faced automatic planes, all-purpose polishers, joining machines, and grooving saws.

Meanwhile, the factory has directed an effort into the programme of modernizing the drying job, which is an important part of the woodworking process. By making technical innovations (such as replacing a boiler-induced drying process drying ovens and using fuels other than coal) the factory increased production and lowered manpower.[citation needed]

No.26 General Plant[edit]

The No.26 factory is the largest underground military facility in Korea. The plant manufactures ammunition which has been exported to Libya, Syria, Iran, Iraq and Egypt. It employs more than 20,000 workers and can produce 126,000 mortar rounds and 1.76 million rounds of rifle ammunition per year. On November 30 1991, up to a thousand people were killed after a massive explosion at the plant.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mossman, Billy (June 29, 2005). United States Army in the Korean War: Ebb and Flow November 1950-July 1951. University Press of the Pacific. p. 51. 
  2. ^ Sandler, Stanley (1999). The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished. The University Press of Kentucky. p. 108. 
  3. ^ "Climate: Kanggye". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved January 15, 2018. 
  4. ^ "The Kanggye explosion: a man-made disaster in North Korea - NK News - North Korea News". 12 January 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°58′N 126°36′E / 40.967°N 126.600°E / 40.967; 126.600