|Body and chassis|
|Class||Leisure activity vehicle/Light commercial vehicle|
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel drive|
The Renault Kangoo and the Kangoo Express are a range of leisure activity vehicles and light commercial vehicles respectively, produced by the French manufacturer Renault since 1997. As of June 2016[update], the electric variant, the Renault Kangoo Z.E., is the world's top selling all electric light utility vehicle, with global sales of 23,219 units, since its inception in 2011.
The Kangoo is manufactured at the MCA plant in Maubeuge, France, and in Santa Isabel, Argentina and Casablanca, Morocco. The version for the ASEAN markets was assembled by the Malaysian Tan Chong Euro Cars (TCEC) in its Segambut plant.
The first generation model was also sold by Nissan in Latin America and Europe as the Nissan Kubistar until late 2009, when it was replaced by the Nissan NV200. In September 2012, Mercedes-Benz launched its version of the Kangoo, called the Mercedes-Benz Citan.
Kangoo I (1997–2007)
|Also called||Nissan Kubistar|
|Production||1997–2007 (continues in Argentina and China)|
|Assembly||Maubeuge, France (MCA)
Santa Isabel, Argentina (Renault Argentina)
Casablanca, Morocco (Somaca)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Renault Clio II|
|Wheelbase||2,605 mm (102.6 in)|
|Length||4,035 mm (158.9 in)|
|Width||1,670 mm (65.7 in)|
|Height||1,800 mm (70.9 in)|
|Successor||Nissan NV200 (for Nissan Kubistar)|
The first generation Kangoo was introduced in October 1997. It was facelifted in March 2003, resulting in a Phase II model. The Phase II vehicles are distinguished by their new nose styling, standardised across the Renault range, with the Renault diamond mounted on a body colour panel in the centre of the grille and teardrop headlamps.
The rear windows and seats of the Kangoo could be removed, producing the panel van Kangoo Express. The Kangoo became popular with the mobility-impaired and wheelchair users due to its height and accessibility and because it could be adapted to include mounting points for wheelchairs.
Both the Kangoo and Kangoo Express were available in four-wheel drive versions and a lengthened version was also available, with an increased cargo area. A pickup truck version was sold in the Swedish market. In some countries, such as Malaysia, the Kangoo was assembled by Nissan with a third row of 3 seats.
The Kangoo Break'Up was a four-wheel drive concept car announced in 2002 and previewed the 2003 facelift design, together with a pick-up style rear. It was powered by 1.6 L engine producing 82 kW (110 hp).
The 4WD version of the Kangoo was introduced in 2002, and was marketed under the model name Trekka. It should not be confused with the Skoda powered New Zealand built utility vehicle named Trekka, which was marketed in the Antipodes, for several years around 1970.
The Kangoo Trekka's all wheel drive system differed from the Renault Scenic RX4 in its inclusion of a Nissan sourced automatic torque coupling "ATC", a hydraulic coupling that would engage drive on all four wheels should the front wheels start to lose traction.
This still allowed the Kangoo Trekka to run in front wheel drive in most conditions, saving fuel. Working in combination with the ATC, the Kangoo Trekka also featured an electronically controlled "ASR" traction control system which could brake the front wheels to arrest traction loss.
The suspension was similar to the standard Kangoo, only strengthened and raised to provide more ground clearance and wheel travel. These changes gave the Kangoo Trekka a 400 mm (15.7 in) fording depth and 28 degree hill climbing capability. The Kangoo Trekka was marketed in the United Kingdom with a choice of two engines, the 1.6 L 16 valve petrol engine and the 1.9 L dCi common-rail turbodiesel.
In 2005, these models were priced at £12,600 and £13,600 respectively. The diesel produced a peak torque of 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) and returned over 7 L/100 km (40 mpg‑imp; 34 mpg‑US) on the combined (urban and extra urban) fuel consumption test. The petrol engine had a 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 60 mph) time of 14.3 seconds, and a combined fuel consumption of 9 L/100 km (31 mpg‑imp; 26 mpg‑US).
The interior of the Kangoo Trekka was spartan, and the rear bench seat could be folded forward to provide a 2.5 m3 (88 cu ft) loading area, to which sliding side doors provided better access.
The Kangoo and Kangoo Express was/is available with a choice of multiple engines:
- 1.0 L D-series petrol, 44 kW (59 hp) (8v) / 51 kW (68 hp) (16v)
- 1.2 L D-series petrol, 45 kW (60 hp) (8v) / 56 kW (75 hp) (16v)
- 1.4 L 8v Energy petrol, 56 kW (75 hp)
- 1.6 L 16v K-series petrol, 71 kW (95 hp)
- 1.5 L dCi turbodiesel, 43 kW (57 hp)/48 kW (65 hp)/
51 kW (68 hp)/52 kW (70 hp)/ 61 kW (82 hp)/63 kW (85 hp)/ 66 kW (88 hp)
- 1.9 L F-series D diesel, 41 kW (55 hp)/48 kW (65 hp) (normally aspirated, indirect injection)
- 1.9 L F-series dTi turbodiesel, 60 kW (80 hp) (direct injection)
- 1.9 L F-series dCi turbodiesel, 60 kW (80 hp)/63 kW (85 hp)
- Electric Electri'cité (limited edition)
- Plug-in Hybrid Elect'road (limited edition)
Kangoo II (2007–present)
|Also called||Mercedes-Benz Citan|
|Assembly||Maubeuge, France (MCA)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle|
|Body style||3/5-door panel van
|Platform||Renault C platform|
|Related||Renault Mégane III
Renault Scénic III
|Wheelbase||2,313 mm (91.1 in) (Compact)
2,679 mm (105.5 in) (Express)
3,081 mm (121.3 in) (Maxi)
|Length||3,898 mm (153.5 in) (Compact)
4,213 mm (165.9 in) (Express)
4,666 mm (183.7 in) (Maxi)
|Width||1,829 mm (72.0 in)|
|Height||1,812 mm (71.3 in) (Compact)
1,844 mm (72.6 in) (Express)
1,836 mm (72.3 in) (Maxi)
The New Renault Kangoo and New Renault Kangoo Express are the new generation light commercial vehicles (LCV) in Renault's lineup. Based on the Scenic and manufactured in Maubeuge, sales began in May 2007.
They are also sold by Mercedes-Benz as the Mercedes-Benz Citan, with a revised front design, being launched in September 2012. In February 2012, Renault retired the Kangoo MPV, Espace, Laguna, Modus, and Wind lines in the United Kingdom.
The Kangoo is available in three wheelbase configurations: the Kangoo Compact, the Kangoo Express and the Kangoo Express Maxi, all three also being produced in passenger versions. the first as the Kangoo Be Bop, between 2009 and 2012.
The Kangoo Compact is used for smaller deliveries, with a payload of 500 kg (1,102 lb), while the Kangoo Express is used for larger deliveries and has a payload of 650 kg (1,433 lb) or 800 kg (1,764 lb). The Kangoo Express Maxi has the largest payload of 800 kg (1,764 lb) and a maximum floor length of up to 2.90 m (9.5 ft).
|Renault Kangoo Z.E.|
|Assembly||Maubeuge, France (MCA)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Electric panel van|
|Battery||22 kWh lithium ion battery|
|Range||170 km (110 mi)|
|Curb weight||1,410 kg (3,110 lb)|
As part of its Z.E. electric car initiative, Renault has developed the Kangoo Z.E. model that is manufactured at its Maubeuge plant, and released the electric van for retail sales in October 2011.
A total of 3,652 Kangoo Z.E. utility vans were registered in France through December 2012, and, with 2,869 units delivered in 2012, the electric van became the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in the country. During 2011 the Kangoo Z.E. sold 991 units in Europe, and cumulative sales in the region reached 6,658 units sold in the region through December 2012, with global sales of 6,665 units.
Worldwide cumulative sales passed the 10,000 mark in early September 2013, representing about 10% of overall Kangoo van global sales. The Kangoo Z.E. is the leader of the small all electric van segment, and the best selling electric vehicle in France, with 9,125 units registered through June 2014. The Kangoo Z.E. is the world's top selling all electric light utility vehicle, with global sales of 23,219 units delivered through June 2016.
A planned Renault battery plant near Paris that will supply batteries for the vehicle was delayed due to technical constraints. Construction will start in the second quarter of 2012 and production of batteries is expected to be delayed to 2014 or 2015. Instead, Renault will have to buy batteries from a joint venture between Nissan Motor and NEC, and from LG Chem of South Korea.
Customers in several countries can pre-reserve models at the Renault-ZE website with an expected release in 2011. European pricing is around €20,000 before any government incentives and excluding VAT (€15,000 excluding VAT and including a tax incentive subsidy of €5,000).
In addition to buying or leasing the vehicle, there is a separate monthly subscription costing from €72 (excluding VAT) for the battery. Renault estimates that fully charging the Kangoo Z.E. battery pack will cost between one and two euros, depending on the local price of electricity (kWh).
The Kangoo Z.E. has the same dimensions as the internal combustion model. It uses a synchronous electric motor with rotor coil. Its peak power is 44 kW (59 hp) at 10,500rpm, while maximum torque is 226 N·m (167 lbf·ft). Its top speed is capped electronically to 130 km/h (81 mph). The vehicle is powered by a 22 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that delivers a combined-cycle range of 170 km (110 mi) that varies depending on factors such as type of road, temperature, speed or driving style.
In August 2016, a previously small competitor announced a plan to become significantly larger. StreetScooter GmbH, owned by Deutsche Post was already making their electric Work branded van on a small scale, but announced that it would begin making 10,000 of the vehicles per year starting in 2017. If that goal is achieved, StreetScooter would become the largest electric light utility vehicle manufacturer in Europe, surpassing Renault.
Other electric vehicles
Cleanova II is a hybrid electric drive train system, used in a vehicle based on Renault Kangoo, with two electric versions: full electric vehicle (FEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV).
- Groupe Renault (July 2016). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2016-07-29. Includes passenger and light utility variants. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (juin 2016)" to download the file "XLSX - 240 Ko" for CYTD sales through June 2016, and open the tab "Sales by Model". Click on "+ Voir plus" (See more) to download the files "Ventes mensuelles du groupe (décembre 2011) (xls, 183 Ko)" "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2012) (xls, 289 Ko)" - Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2013) (xlsx, 227 Ko)" - "XLSX - 220 Ko Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2014)" - "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2015)" to download the file "XLSX - 227 Ko" for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 sales. Sales figures for 2013 were revised in the 2014 report
- "Milestones". Tan Chong Motor Holdings Berhad. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Renault - About Tan Chong Euro Cars". Renault.com.my. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Mercedes-Benz Citan: The Renault Van with the Three-Pointed Star". Car and Driver. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Renault - 2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Renault.com. 2011-04-27. p. 26.
- "Renault Maroc : Voitures neuves, véhicules utilitaires, monospace". Renault.ma. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "Renault - 2004 Annual Report Summary" (PDF). Renault.com. 2005-04-25. p. 9.
- "Nissan Kubistar 1.5dCi". Fleet News. 1 March 2004. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Renault unveils Kangoo break'up, a new concept based on Kangoo" (PDF). Renault. 2002-08-02.
- "Renault - 2010 Registration Document" (PDF). Renault. 2011-04-18. p. 13.
- "Renault to cut five UK models". telegraph.co.uk. 19 December 2011.
- "New Renault Kangoo Van: a range of tailor-built vehicles for exacting business customers". Renault. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "New Renault Kangoo and Grand Kangoo: prices and range (French market)". Renault. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Nouveaux Renault Kangoo Express Maxi et Trafic". Autonews. 9 February 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Renault Kangoo". Renault. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Nouveau Kangoo Express". Renault France. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Renault kangoo be bop, un vehicule insolite, concentré d'espace et de lumière" (PDF). Renault. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Renault Kangoo Express". Renault. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Renault Kangoo Z.E. and Maxi Z.E.". Renault.com. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- "RENAULT TO PRODUCE ELECTRIC FLUENCE IN BURSA, TURKEY" (Press release). Renault. 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Renault Press Release (2012-10-29). "Renault celebrates first anniversary of electric van". The Green Car Website. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Justin Aschard (2012-11-30). "Inmatriculations VP et VUL France à fin Oct. 2012 (2010-2012)" [Registrations of passenger cars and utility vehicles in France through October 2012 (2010-2012)] (PDF) (in French). France Mobilité Électrique. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 14 units were registered in 2010 and 768 in 2011.
- France Mobilité Électrique - AVERE France (2013-01-07). "Bilan des Immatriculations pour l'Année 2012" [Balance of Registrations for 2012] (in French). AVERE. Retrieved 2013-02-16. A total of 2,869 units sold in 2012.
- Renault (2013-04-17). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2013-04-18. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2012) (xls, 294 Ko)" to download the files for 2012 sales, and open the tab "Sales by Model" for 2011 and 2012 sales.
- Faye Sunderland (2013-09-13). "Renault hits 10,000 sales of Kangoo electric van". The Green Car Website. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- AVERE-France (2014-01-08). "Baromètre AVERE-France Janvier 2014" [Barometer AVERE-France January 2014] (in French). France Mobilité Électrique - AVERE France. Retrieved 2014-02-14. A total of 4,174 units were sold in France in 2013.
- Michaël Torregrossa (2014-07-23). "Utilitaires électriques – 2.099 immatriculations au premier semestre 2014" [Electric Utilities - 2099 registrations in the first half of 2014] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- Mark Kane (2014-11-22). "Renault Electric Car Sales Quietly Surpass 50,000". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-11-29.
- Helen Beresford (2011-06-15). "Renault says battery plant project delayed". Reuters.
- "RENAULT IS PRESENTING A WIDER LCV RANGE: BETWEEN 2 AND 22 M3 AND PREMIERING THE KANGOO EXPRESS Z.E. AT €20,000 EXCLUDING VAT" (PDF) (Press release). Renault. 2010-09-22. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
- "RENAULT FLUENCE Z.E. AND KANGOO EXPRESS Z.E.: FINALIZED DESIGNS REVEALED AND PRE-RESERVATIONS OPEN" (PDF) (Press release). Renault. 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Renault Kangoo Z.E. is International Van of the Year 2012". International Van of the Year. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- "2012 International Van of the Year: Renault Kangoo Van Z.E.". Autoevolution.com. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- "Renault Kangoo Z.E. Retains GreenFleet Title of "Electric Vehicle of the Year"". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- "Streetscooter - Der tausendste Elektro-Transporter der Post". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
Die Post will ihren gesamten Fuhrpark auf Elektro-Autos umstellen. Bis dahin dauert es noch. Einen wichtigen Schritt hat das Unternehmen nun aber gemacht.
- Weiss, Richard (24 March 2017). "Even Germany's post office is building an electric car". Waterloo Region Record. Kitchener, Ontario. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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« previous — Renault vehicles timeline 1980 to date, Western European and North American market
|City car||4||Twingo I||Twingo II||Twingo III|
|Supermini||5 / 7||Super 5||Clio Symbol||Symbol II|
|Clio I||Clio II||Clio III||Clio IV|
|Small family car||14||9 / 11||19||Fluence|
|Alliance / Encore||Mégane I||Mégane II||Mégane III||Mégane IV|
|Large family car||18||21 / Medallion||Laguna I||Laguna II||Laguna III||Talisman|
|Executive car||20 / 30||25||Safrane||Vel Satis||Latitude|
|Compact MPV||Scénic I||Scénic II||Scénic III|
|Large MPV/CUV||Espace I||Espace II||Espace III||Espace IV||Espace V|
|LAV||Express||Kangoo I||Kangoo II|
|Van||Trafic I||Trafic II||Trafic III|
|Master I||Master II||Master III|