Kangra district

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Kangra
Nagarkot , Trigart
District
Kangra.jpg
Located in the northwest part of the state
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Kangra is located in India
Kangra
Kangra
Location of the district headquarters in India
Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils
Headquarters Dharamshala
Government
 • Divisional Commissioner RAJIV SHANKAR, IAS
 • Superintendent of Police SANTOSH PATIAL, IPS
Area
 • Total 5,739 km2 (2,216 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,510,075
 • Density 263/km2 (680/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 1761xx
Telephone 91 1894 xxxxxx
Largest city Dharamsala & Kangra
Gender ratio 1013 females/1000 males
Literacy rate 86.49%
Lok Sabha Constituency Kangra
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies
Climate ETh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 20 °C (68 °F)
Website hpkangra.nic.in

Kangra is the most populous[1] district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is the home of the Masrur Temples, also known as the Himalayan Pyramids.

History[edit]

Battle of Kangda led by Nepali commander Amar Singh Thapa

Kangra is known for having the oldest serving Royal Dynasty in the world, the Katoch.[citation needed] In 1758, Raja Ghamand Chand was appointed nazim or governor of Jullundur Doab under the Afghans. Ghamand Chand was a brave and strong ruler who restored the prestige of Kangra. As he was unable to capture Kangra fort, he built another fort at Tira Sujanpur on the left bank of the Beas, almost opposite to Alampur on a hill overlooking the town. He died in 1774 and was succeeded by his son, Tegh Chand, who died too soon in 1775.[2] Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. The administrative headquarters of the district were initially at Kangra, but were moved to Dharamshala in 1855.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Kangra District
Religion Percent
Hindus
96.76%
Muslims
01.31%

According to the 2011 census Kangra district has a population of 1,507,223,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[5] or the US state of Hawaii.[6] This gives it a ranking of 331st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 263 inhabitants per square kilometre (680/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.56%.[1] Kangra has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 86.49%.[1]

The native people are the Kangri people and the native language is Kangri, which is very similar to Dogri. The majority of the people are Hindu Brahmin, Rajput, Chaudhary, Banias and SC/OBC, although many Tibetans and others who follow Buddhism have also settled here recently. There are also minority populations of Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians.

Jhamakda is a folk dance of Kangra. It is exclusively performed by women. It features percussion instruments and songs.[7]

Climate[edit]

It is situated in Western Himalayas between latitude 31°2΄-32°5΄ N,longitude 75°-75°45΄ E. The elevation above the sea level of Kangra district is in the range of 427 to 6401 meters. The district is spread over 5,739 Sq. Kms. having about 216643 hectare of land, out of which 195738 hectare is under cultivation. In this district, river Beas flows through distance of 94.00 Kms. The soil characteristic is both sandy & loamy. The climate of district is pleasant around the year except in plains like Nurpur, Indora, Fatehpur areas where temperature may raise up to 40° C in the month of May/June. Monsoon sets in the first week of July and continues till mid September.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hutchinson, J. & J. PH Vogel (1933). History of the Panjab Hill States, Vol. I. 1st edition: Govt. Printing, Punjab, Lahore, 1933. Reprint 2000. Department of Language and Culture, Himachal Pradesh. Chapter V Kangra State, pp. 99–198.

External links[edit]