Kangra district

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Kangra
Nagarkot , Trigarta
View of the Dhauladhar Range near McLeod Ganj
View of the Dhauladhar Range near McLeod Ganj
Kangra district
Location in Himachal Pradesh
Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Division, Part ofKangra
Tehsils
HeadquartersDharamshala
Government
 • Lok Sabha Constituency , part of
 • Member of Parliament, Lok SabhaKishan Kapoor[1]

 • Deputy CommissionerNipun jindal , IAS[2]

 • Superintendent of PoliceVimukt Ranjan, IPS[3]
Area
 • Total5,739 km2 (2,216 sq mi)
Highest elevation5,930 m (19,460 ft)
Lowest elevation
500 m (1,600 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,510,075
 • Density263/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP- 68(RTO),
01/ 02D(Taxi)
Largest cityDharamshala & Kangra
Gender ratio1012 females/1000 males
Literacy rate85.67%
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies15
ClimateETh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitehpkangra.nic.in

Kangra is the most populous[5] district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of the district.

History[edit]

Kangra is known for having the oldest serving Royal Dynasty in the world, the Katoch.[6] In 1758, Raja Ghamand Chand was appointed nazim or governor of Jullundur Doab under the Afghans. Ghamand Chand was a brave and strong ruler who restored the prestige of Kangra. As he was unable to capture Kangra fort, he built another fort at Tira Sujanpur on the left bank of the Beas, almost opposite to Alampur on a hill overlooking the town. He died in 1774 and was succeeded by his son, Tegh Chand, who died too soon in 1775.[7] Kangra was annexed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Sikh Empire in 1810. Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. The administrative headquarters of the district were initially at Kangra, but were moved to Dharamshala in 1855.[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901478,364—    
1911469,046−0.20%
1921469,251+0.00%
1931494,658+0.53%
1941563,163+1.31%
1951570,643+0.13%
1961657,232+1.42%
1971800,863+2.00%
1981990,758+2.15%
19911,174,072+1.71%
20011,339,030+1.32%
20111,510,075+1.21%
source:[10]

According to the 2011 census Kangra district had population of 1,510,000.[11]: 18 

District highlights of 2011 Census[11]

  • Kangra district has the highest number of 3,869 villages among the 12 district of the state.
  • Kangra district occupies the 1st rank among the districts in terms of population.
  • Kangra district occupies the 2nd position in terms of sex ratio among the districts of the state with 1,012 females per 1,000 males as compared to 972 females per 1,000 males of state average.
  • Kangra district stands 1st position in terms of its working force having total workers of 675,170 persons against 3,559,422 working persons of the state.
  • Kangra district stands at 5th positions in terms of decadal population growth (2001-2011) of 12.8 per cent persons in comparison to state decadal population growth of 12.9 per cent persons.
  • In terms of density of population per km2., Kangra district with 263 persons per km2. stands at 5th rank in the state.
  • Kangra district occupies 1st rank among the districts of the state in terms of literate population. It has a literate population of 1,152,640 persons.
  • Kangra district holds the 2nd rank in terms of scheduled tribe population in the state. It has reported 84,564 persons as scheduled tribe.
  • The economy of Kangra district is mainly depends on agriculture. It has returned 303,007 persons as cultivators and holds the 2nd position among the districts of the state
  • All the inhabited villages of the district enjoy the facility of electricity and potable drinking water.
  • Kangra district is also known for its attractive tourist destinations. Dharamsala, Kangra, Palampur, Baijnath, Jawalamukhi and Masroor are the famous places of tourist interest in the district. McLeodganj in Dharamsala is a seat of the Dalai Lama has become a place of international fame since 1966.
  • Central University of Himachal Pradesh at Dharamsala in Kangra district was established on 20 March 2009 under the Central University Act 2009(No.25 of 2009) of Indian Parliament.

The native people are the Kangri people and the native language is Kangri, which is very similar to Dogri. The majority of the people are Hindu, although many Tibetans and others who follow Buddhism have also settled here recently. There are also other minorities such as Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians.

Jhamakda is a folk dance of Kangra. It is exclusively performed by women. It features percussion instruments and songs.[12]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Kangra district (2011)[13]

  Hinduism (96.76%)
  Islam (1.31%)
  Buddhism (0.96%)
  Christianity (0.2%)
  Sikhism (0.59%)
  Jainism (0.01%)
  Others (0.01%)
  Not Stated (0.15%)
Religion in Kangra District [a]
Religion Population (1941)[14]: 42  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[13] Percentage (2011)
Hinduism Om.svg[b] 846,567 94.13% 1,461,140 93.29%
Islam Star and Crescent.svg 43,249 4.81% 19,797 1.31%
Sikhism Khanda.svg 4,809 0.53% 15,097 1%
Christianity Christian cross.svg 590 0.07% 3,023 0.2%
Others [c] 4,162 0.46% 17,186 1.14%
Total Population 899,377 100% 1,510,075 100%

Language[edit]

At the 2011 Census, 70.9% of the population in the district spoke Kangri, 14.9% Pahari, 5.55% Hindi, 2.64% Gaddi and 2.06% Punjabi as their first language.[15]

Politics[edit]

No. Constituency Member Party Remarks Reference
6 Nurpur Rakesh Pathania Bharatiya Janata Party Forest Minister [16]
7 Indora (SC) Reeta Devi Bhartiya Janata Party [17]
8 Fatehpur Sujan Singh Pathania Indian National Congress Member until February 2021 [18][19]
Bhawani Singh Pathania Member from 30.10.2021 [20][21]
9 Jawali Arjun Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
10 Dehra Hoshyar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Defected From Independent To BJP[22]
11 Jaswan-Pragpur Bikram Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Industries Minister
12 Jawalamukhi Ramesh Chand Dhawala Bhartiya Janata Party Chairman, Estimates Committee
13 Jaisinghpur (SC) Ravinder Kumar Bhartiya Janata Party
14 Sullah Vipin Singh Parmar Bhartiya Janata Party Speaker
15 Nagrota Arun Kumar Bhartiya Janata Party
16 Kangra Pawan Kumar Kajal Bharatiya Janata Party Defected From INC To BJP[23] [24]
17 Shahpur Sarveen Choudhary Bhartiya Janata Party Social Justice & Empowerment Minister
18 Dharamshala Kishan Kapoor Bhartiya Janata Party Member Until May 2019
Vishal Nehria
19 Palampur Ashish Butail Indian National Congress
20 Baijnath (SC) Mulkh Raj Premi Bharatiya Janata Party

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  2. ^ "Deputy Commissioner Kangra, Himachal Pradesh | District Kangra, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India".
  3. ^ "Who's Who | District Kangra, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India".
  4. ^ "Hanuman Tibba Climbing Expedition (19450 Ft.)".
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Gazetteer of the Kangra district (1883-1884)" (PDF). p. 48.
  7. ^ "Kangra from the Pages of History" (PDF). himachalpradeshtravel.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  8. ^ Kangra District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380.
  9. ^ Dharamshala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 301.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ a b "DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK KANGRAVILLAGE AND TOWN WISEPRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT (PCA)" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in/2011census. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  12. ^ "himachalpradeshtravel.com" (PDF). Kangra’s from the Pages of History. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b "Kangra district Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  14. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  15. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Himachal Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Rakesh Pathania". Himachal Pradesh 13th Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  17. ^ "Reeta Devi". Himachal Pradesh 13th Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  18. ^ "Sujan Singh Pathania". Himachal Pradesh 13th Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Archived from the original on 26 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Veteran Congress MLA, ex-minister Sujan Singh Pathania dies at 77". The Hindu. PTI. 13 February 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 27 November 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  20. ^ "Bhawani Singh Pathania". Himachal Pradesh 13th Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Archived from the original on 16 November 2021.
  21. ^ "Himachal bypolls: Three newly elected MLAs take oath". Hindustan Times. 9 November 2021. Archived from the original on 16 November 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  22. ^ Cite error: The named reference Two Independent MLAs join BJP in Himachal was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  23. ^ "Ahead of state polls, two Congress MLAs join BJP in Himachal Pradesh". The Indian Express. 18 August 2022. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  24. ^ "Pawan Kumar Kajal". Himachal Pradesh 13th Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  25. ^ "National Institute of Fashion Technology - [NIFT], Kangra". collegedunia.com. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  1. ^ Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases. This discrepancy can be seen in the district population history table which has taken into account the various bifurcations since 1941.
  2. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  3. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated

Further reading[edit]

  • Hutchinson, J. & J. PH Vogel (1933). History of the Panjab Hill States, Vol. I. 1st edition: Govt. Printing, Punjab, Lahore, 1933. Reprint 2000. Department of Language and Culture, Himachal Pradesh. Chapter V Kangra State, pp. 99–198.

External links[edit]