Kanguk Formation

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Kanguk Formation
Stratigraphic range: Late Cretaceous
Type Geological formation
Sub-units Eglinton Member
Underlies Eureka Sound Formation
Overlies Hassel Formation
Thickness up to 365 metres (1,200 ft)[1]
Primary Shale, Siltstone
Other Sandstone
Coordinates 79°14′24″N 92°21′58″W / 79.24°N 92.36613°W / 79.24; -92.36613 (Kanguk Formation)
Region North America
Country  Canada
Type section
Named for Kanguk Peninsula
Named by Souther, 1963

The Kanguk Formation is a geological formation in the Northwest Territories of Canada whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[2]

It was first described in the Kanguk Peninsula of the Axel Heiberg Island, along the shore of the Stand Fiord by Souther in 1963.[3] The formation occurs throughout the Sverdrup Basin and the southern Queen Elizabeth Islands.


The Kanguk Formation is composed of dark shale and siltstone with interbeds of sandstone, bentonite and tuff.[1] Thicker sandstone and conglomerate beds occur in the western reaches in Eglinton Island.

Vertebrate paleofauna[edit]

Dinosaurs of the Kanguk Formation
Genus Species Location Stratigraphic position Abundance Description Images



See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Lexicon of Canadian Geological Units. "Kanguk Formation". Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  2. ^ a b c Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Late Cretaceous, North America)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 574-588. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  3. ^ Geological Survey of Canada Map 36-1959