Kangwon Province (North Korea)
- For the province in South Korea that bears the same name but different romanisation, see Gangwon Province, South Korea.
|• Revised Romanization||Gangwon-do|
(Yeongseo: western Kangwŏn; Yeongdong: eastern Kangwŏn)
|Subdivisions||2 cities; 15 counties|
|• Total||11,255 km2 (4,346 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
Kangwon Province (Kangwŏndo; Korean pronunciation: [kaŋ.wʌn.do]) is a province of North Korea, with its capital at Wŏnsan. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Kangwŏn Province and its South Korean neighbour Gangwon Province (also spelled Kangwon Province) formed a single province that excluded Wŏnsan.
Kangwŏn was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. The province was formed 1395, and derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung (or Kangnŭng; 강릉; 江陵) and the provincial capital Wonju (or Wŏnju; 원주; 原州).
In 1896, Korea was redivided into thirteen provinces, and the two districts were merged to re-form Kangwŏn Province. Although Wonju rejoined Kangwŏn province, the provincial capital was moved to Chuncheon.
In 1945, Kangwŏn Province (along with the rest of Korea) was divided by the 38th parallel north in 1945 into Soviet and American zones of occupation in the north and south respectively. In 1946, the northern province was expanded to include the North Korean portion of Gyeonggi Province, and the area around Wŏnsan in South Hamgyŏng Province. The provincial capital of the North Korean portion of the province was established at Wŏnsan, as Kangwŏn's traditional capitals Wonju and Chuncheon both were south of the 38th parallel. In 1948, the province became part of the new Democratic People's Republic of Korea. As a result of the Korean War Armistice Agreement of 1953, the boundary between the North and South Korean portions of the province was shifted northward to the Military Demarcation Line.
In 2002, Mount Kumgang Tourist Region was split off from the rest of the province to form a separately-administered region.
The province is bordered by South Hamgyŏng to the north, South P'yŏngan and North Hwanghae to the west, and Kaesŏng to the south. Additionally, the province is across the Korean Demilitarized Zone from its South Korean counterpart Gangwon. To the east is the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea).
In April 2003, the Mt. Chuae Plant Reserve was created. The reserve is 687 hectares and is in Shindong-ri, Sepho County, and Sanyang-ri, Kosan County. Mt. Chuae is 1,528 meters above sea level and is part of the Masingnyong Mountains. The DPRK Nature Conservation Union is tring to preserve mixed forests of pine and broad-leaf trees. The DPRK Cabinet-level decision has banned animal grazing and collecting plant resources and other acts of damaging the environment.
Kangwŏn Province is divided into 2 cities (si), 1 special administrative regions, and 15 counties (kun).
- Anbyŏn-gun (안변군; 安邊郡)
- Ch'angdo-gun (창도군; 昌道郡)
- Ch'ŏnnae-gun (천내군; 川內郡)
- Ch'ŏrwŏn-gun (철원군; 鐵原郡)
- Hoeyang-gun (회양군; 淮陽郡)
- Ich'ŏn-gun (이천군; 伊川郡)
- Kimhwa-gun (김화군; 金化郡)
- Kosan-gun (고산군; 高山郡)
- Kosŏng-gun (고성군; 高城郡)
- Kŭmgang-gun (금강군; 金剛郡)
- Mount Kumgang Tourist Region (금강산 관광 지구; 金剛山觀光地區)
- P'an'gyo-gun (판교군; 板橋郡)
- Pŏptong-gun (법동군; 法洞郡)
- P'yŏnggang-gun (평강군; 平康郡)
- Sep'o-gun (세포군; 洗浦郡)
- T'ongch'ŏn-gun (통천군; 通川郡)
- Ju, Song I (May 5, 2012). "Plant reserve on Mt. Chuae". Pyongyang Times. George Washington University. p. 8.