Kanhaiya Lal Misra
|Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra |
कन्हैया लाल मिश्र
|Advocate General (U.P.) India|
22 May 1952 – 9 March 1969
31 August 1903|
Azamgarh, United Province, British India
(now Mau, Uttar Pradesh, India)
14 October 1975 (aged 72)|
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
The judicial wheel is rounded with equality, oiled with honour and functions smoothly with honesty – principally when both members of the Bench and Bar shoulder their responsibilities seriously— Pt.Kanhaiya Lal Misra
Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra, ('Punditji'), was born on 31 August 1903 (Krishna Janmashtami) in a Brahmin family of Mariyadpur in district Azamgarh, U.P., India. He was Advocate General of Uttar Pradesh, India from 1952 to 1969.
Birth & Parents
As he was born on Krishna Janmashtami his parents named him Kanhaiya Lal. He was the eldest of four sons and one daughter of Pt. Baijnath Misra, a civil and a criminal lawyer, at the Azamgarh Bar, and a long-serving M.L.C.
Advocate General U.P. (India)
Pt. K. L. Misra was the fourth Advocate General of the state of Uttar Pradesh since the creation of the position of Advocate General in 1937, the year that saw the formation of the first responsible representative government in the province by the Indian National Congress, under the Government of India Act, 1935. He held this position for 17 years - 1952 till 1969 - during which period different political parties across the political spectrum were elected and formed the government. This remains a record as of date - October 2015.
He resigned as Advocate General U.P. in 1969 - the year his wife expired.
- First Advocate General 1937
- Dr. Narain Prasad Asthana
- Second Advocate General 1942 and First Advocate General of Pakistan 1947
- Mr. Mohammad Wasim
- Third Advocate General 1947
- Sir Peary Lal Banerji
- Fourth Advocate General 1952 till 1969
- Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra
Marriage & Children
Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra married twice.
His first marriage was to Savitri Devi who bore two children Shanti (daughter) and Vijay Prakash (son).
After the demise of Savitri Devi, he married Gayatri Devi who gave birth to the remaining children: Ravindra Prakash (son), Ajay Prakash (son), Jyoti (daughter), Priti (daughter), Ranjan (son) and Munindra (son).
Smt Gayatri Devi died on 29 April 1969.
1925 - Graduated with honours in Economics securing 91% marks in English.
1926 - Sat for the Indian Civil Service Examination and securing 150/150 in the English paper, an unbreakable record. However, due to his student day's speeches of freedom and his influence by Mahatma Gandhi he was not selected.
1927 - Passed his Law Examination and joint the District Bar.
1930 - October, shifted to the Allahabad High Court. He had an exceptional command of the Hindi, English and Urdu language.
1951 - Offered Judgeship but on his request he was reluctantly not appointed. He attained eminence in the legal field with his flare of advocacy, depth of learning, sweet trapping court craft, humility, and a photogenic memory. His simplicity and brilliance was his landmark.
1952 - Appointed Advocate General, U.P. and continued till 9 March 1969 irrespective of the political party which came to power during this period.
1955 - Offered Supreme Court Judgeship (being the first advocate to receive such distinction) without being a judge. He requested through the Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court – Justice B. Malik, the then Chief Minister and Home Minister to spare him which again they did reluctantly. His reason was that he wanted to be in public life, serving institutions and the public at large.
1969 - Resigned as Advocate General U.P. - the year his wife expired.
As Advocate General U.P. he was closely associated with the Government and the Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh:
- Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant,
- Dr. Sampurnanand,
- Sri C.B. Gupta,
- Smt. Sucheta Kripalani and
- Sri Charan Singh.
He attained excellence in the legal profession in the country and appeared in most High Courts and Supreme Court of India. During the time he was Advocate General of U.P. and even thereafter he appeared for several states of the country in important cases, viz. Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal etc.
Some famous cases conducted by him were the Blitz case in the Bombay High Court, Maharashtra – Mysore boundary dispute, case of Sri Pratap Singh Kairon, for States of West Bengal and Bihar, in-famous Symbol Case before the Election Commission, Gorakhnath Case in the Supreme Court and in the case against Murdhra etc. He had the distinction of appearing against almost all the top advocates of the country.
He appeared successfully for the state of Bihar against the Raja of Ramgarh in the Calcutta High court. He commanded the top position on both civil and criminal side and attained the position of a legal luminary and senior advocate.
Pt. K.L. Misra conducted on behalf of the ruling Congress, the Indian Congress Party Symbol Case in the Supreme Court, was also responsible for defending the State Government in the State Zamindari Abolition case and defended for some time Mrs Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister, in her election petition case at the Allahabad High Court prior to his falling ill and thereafter the case was handed over to Mr. Sri Satish Chand Khare, Senior Advocate. Mrs Gandhi subsequently lost this case which led to the Emergency being imposed in India
He was the Chairman of the Bar Council (17/12/1961 to 09/03/1969), President of the Bar Association of Allahabad, President of the Harish Chandra Research Institute and member of its executive council, President of the Prayag Sangeet Samiti, President of the Hindi Sahitya Sammellan[hi] to name a few. He also had the honour to serve the Allahabad University as its Hon' Treasurer and as a member of its executive council and also judged answer papers of the Law examination way above the L.L.B. degree that he held as his personal educational qualification in Law.
A relatively unknown trait of Punditji was his poetry writing capabilities (in Hindi) when emotionally charged - like on demise of his wife, Gayatri Devi.
Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra, former Advocate General U.P., India, a leading luminary and a prominent Congress leader died of heart failure on 14 October 1975 morning at his Park Road residence on Dussehra. His cremation took place with State Honours in the evening (sunset) of the same day, on the banks of 'sangam' – the point of mergence of the rivers Ganga and Jamuna— 16th Oct. 1975, Northern India Patrika, Allahabad (U.P.) India.
- Sri Siddhartha Shankar Ray
- 'Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra - My Father' by Munindra Misra ISBN 978-1482818550
- 'Courting Destiny' by Shanti Bhushan ISBN 978-0670082186
- 'Before Memory Fades: An Autobiography' by Fali S. Nariman ISBN 978-9381431450
- Misra, Munindra (3 June 2014). Pt. Kanhaiya Lal Misra - My Father (First ed.). India: Partridge Publishing. p. 202. ASIN 1482818566. ISBN 978-1482818567.
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- Allahabad High Court Centenary Celebration (1866-1966) Vol. 1 & 2 and Post Centenary Silver Jubilee Celebration (1866-1991) Vol. 1 & 2
- Keynote Address on the 100th Birth Anniversary of Pt. K.L Misra - Lecture on Spirituality and Law