Kanin-class destroyer

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Kanin class destroyer
Kanin-class destroyer
Class overview
Name: Kanin class
Operators:  Soviet Navy
Preceded by: Kildin class
Succeeded by: Kashin class
Built: 1957-1960
In commission: 1960-1993
Planned: 9
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 1
Retired: 8
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • as built 3,500 long tons (3,556 t) standard, 4,192 long tons (4,259 t) full load
  • as modernised 3,700 long tons (3,759 t) standard, 4,500 long tons (4,572 t) full load
Length: 126.1 m (414 ft)
Beam: 12.7 m (42 ft)
Draught: 4.2 m (14 ft)
Installed power: 72,000 hp (54,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 × shaft geared steam turbines, 4 boilers,
Speed: as built 34.5 knots (63.9 km/h; 39.7 mph)
Complement: 320
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Angara/Head Net (air search),Zalp-Shch (missile guidance) Neptun (surface)
  • Sonar: Pegas-2, replaced by Titan-2
Armament:
  • as built
    • 2 SS-N-1 launchers (12 Missiles),
    • 16 57 mm (2.2 in) guns, (4x4)
    • 6 533 mm (21 in) Torpedo tubes (2x3),
    • 2 RBU-2500 anti submarine rocket launchers
  • as modernised
    • 1 twin SA-N-1 SAM launcher (32 Missiles),
    • 8 57 mm (2.2 in) guns (2x4),
    • 4 30 mm (1.2 in) AK-230 guns (4x2),
    • 10 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes for anti-submarine torpedoes,
    • 3 RBU-6000 anti submarine rocket launchers
Aviation facilities: helicopter pad

The Kanin class were a class of destroyers of the Soviet Navy during the Cold War. The Soviet designation was Project 57A Gnevny (not to be confused with the World War II era Project 7). These ships were the first Soviet guided missile destroyers and were initially designated Project 57bis (or 57b) and known to NATO as the Krupny class. Their primary mission was anti-surface warfare using the SS-N-1 anti-ship missile

Design[edit]

Designed from the outset as guided missile destroyers, their layout was completed in 1956. However in February 1957, the incoming chief of staff, Admiral Sergey Gorshkov ordered changes. Their initial purpose was surface engagement with opposing naval vessels and shore targets. The SS-N-1 missile installed in this class for that specific mission. The destroyers carried two launchers for the SS-N-1, one located at each end of the ship, each magazine holding six additional missiles.[1]

The hull was scaled up from the Kotlin classs,[1] and the machinery was the same as those ships, except that remote control stations were installed and electrical generating capacity was increased. The superstructure was made of steel rather than the aluminium/ magnesium alloy of the Kotlin class ships and accommodation was significantly improved.

Criticisms of the class include that they had limited self-defence weaponry and their main weapon and that the SS-N-1 was soon obsolescent after introduction.[1]

ASW conversion[edit]

Gremyaschy in 1983 post modernisation

The limitations of the SS-N-1 missile were clear by 1965 and the Soviet Navy decided to convert the ships to a more general purpose / ASW role. These ships were called the Kanin class by NATO. This involved providing the destroyers with a new bow sonar, MG-332 Titan-2 that controlled two quintuple torpedo tubes and three RBU-6000s. To clear the bow sonar also required that the bow be extended 5.3 feet (1.6 m). A helicopter pad was installed aft that allowed the ships to operate a Kamov Ka-25 helicopter.[1]

To improve the destroyers' self-defence, launchers firing SA-N-1 anti-air missiles were installed along with two quadruple-mounted 57mm guns.[1] All of these installations required more power and hence, the diesel generator was upgraded to 500 kW and a second generator of that capability was installed. All of this increased the displacement of the ships by 200 tons standard and 308 tons fully loaded and decreased its speed to 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph).[1]

According to Conway's the modernisation proved very expensive and appeared to have deterred the Soviets from any further comprehensive rebuilding of older ships.[1]

Operations[edit]

In May 1975 Boykiy made a five-day visit to Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first post-war visit by a Soviet naval ship to the U.S. The visit was in honor of the celebration of V-E Day.

Ships[edit]

Kanin-class destroyers[1]
Ship Russian Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Fate
Gremyashchiy Гремящий Zhdanov Shipyard, Leningrad 25 February 1958 30 April 1959 30 June 1960 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Zhguchiy Жгучий 23 June 1958 14 October 1959 23 December 1960 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1987
Zorkiy Зоркий 17 April 1959 30 April 1960 30 September 1961 Baltic Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Derzkiy Дерзкий 10 October 1959 4 February 1960 30 December 1961 Northern Fleet Decommissioned 1990
Gnevnyy Гневный North Nikolayev Shipyard, Mykolaiv 17 December 1957 30 November 1958 10 January 1960 Black Sea Fleet (Pacific Fleet from 1970) Decommissioned 1988
Upornyy Упорный 9 April 1958 14 October 1959 3 December 1960 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1993
Boykiy Бойкий 2 April 1959 15 December 1960 16 June 1961 Black Sea Fleet Decommissioned 1988
Gordyy Гордый Amur Shipbuilding Plant, Komsomolsk-on-Amur May 1959 15 December 1960 6 February 1961 Pacific Fleet Decommissioned 1987
Khrabryy Храбрый 1959 1961 Cancelled 1963 Completed as a stationary power generation ship "ЭНС-73" in 1969

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Gardiner, p.389

References[edit]

External links[edit]