Kanjiža

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Kanjiža
Magyarkanizsa
Кањижа
Town and municipality
City hall
City hall
Coat of arms of Kanjiža
Coat of arms
Location of Kanjiža within Serbia
Location of Kanjiža within Serbia
Coordinates: 46°04′N 20°03′E / 46.067°N 20.050°E / 46.067; 20.050Coordinates: 46°04′N 20°03′E / 46.067°N 20.050°E / 46.067; 20.050
Country  Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District North Banat
Government
 • Mayor Róbert Fejsztámer
Area
 • Kanjiža 400 km2 (154 sq mi)
Elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Kanjiža 9,871
 • Metro 25,343
Demonym(s) Kanjiža, (sr)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 24420
Area code(s) +381(0)24
Car plates KA
Website http://www.kanjiza.rs

Kanjiža (Serbian Cyrillic: Кањижа, translit. Kanjiža, pronounced [kǎɲiʒa], formerly Serbian Cyrillic: Стара Кањижа, translit. Stara Kanjiža; Hungarian: Kanizsa or Magyarkanizsa) is a town and municipality located in the North Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The Kanjiža town has a population of 9,871, while the Kanjiža municipality has 25,343 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

Although it belongs to North Banat District, territory of Kanjiža municipality is in fact located in the region of Bačka. The territory of the municipality is bordered by the river Tisa and the Novi Kneževac Municipality in the east, the Municipality of Senta in the south, the Municipality of Subotica in the west and the border with Hungary in the north. The proximity to the border, to the free-way and the river Tisa makes it an important location.

History[edit]

The town was mentioned in the Gesta Hungarorum chronicle under the name Kenesna and, according to the chronicle, it belonged to the duchy of Bulgarian duke Salan who ruled from Titel in the 9th century.[1] In first written documents after Hungarian conquest of Central Europe, the town is mentioned as Cnesa or Kenesna. This name came from Slavic word knez 'prince'. In 1335, it was mentioned as Villa Canysa.[2]

In the first half of the 16th century, the town was administered by the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom, until 1552 when it was administered by the Ottoman Empire (Sanjak of Çanad). From 1686 to 1918, the town was administered by the Habsburg Monarchy. Initially, it was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier, but was placed under civil administration in 1751. In the beginning of Ottoman administration, local Hungarian population left from this area. During the Ottoman period[2] and also during the first decades of Habsburg administration, the town was mainly populated by ethnic Serbs. Hungarian colonists from northern counties of the Kingdom of Hungary started to settle here in 1753 and they became dominant ethnic group in the town.[3] Since 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) and subsequent South Slavic states.

Inhabited places[edit]

Map of Kanjiža municipality

The municipality of Kanjiža includes the town and 12 villages. The villages are:

Note: For the inhabited places with Hungarian ethnic majority, the names are also given in italics in Hungarian.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194836,334—    
195335,590−0.41%
196134,960−0.22%
197133,817−0.33%
198132,709−0.33%
199130,668−0.64%
200227,510−0.98%
201125,343−0.91%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Kanjiža has a population of 25,343 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Municipality

The population of the Kanjiža municipality is composed of:[5]

Almost all of the settlements in the municipality have Hungarian majorities except Velebit, which is predominantly Serbian.

Town

The population of the Kanjiža town is composed of:[6]

  • Hungarians = 8,319 (84.28%)
  • Serbians = 894 (9.06%)
  • Others and undeclared = 658 (6.67%)

Economy[edit]

The economy of Kanjiža is dominated by the Potisje-Tondach roof tile factory. Other firms are FIM Kanjiža, Keramika Kanjiža, various paprika refining firms, and a spa health center "Banja Kanjiža".

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[7]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 190
Mining 28
Processing industry 1,513
Distribution of power, gas and water 33
Distribution of water and water waste management 60
Construction 228
Wholesale and retail, repair 911
Traffic, storage and communication 474
Hotels and restaurants 149
Media and telecommunications 41
Finance and insurance 73
Property stock and charter 7
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 132
Administrative and other services 102
Administration and social assurance 375
Education 504
Healthcare and social work 438
Art, leisure and recreation 23
Other services 95
Total 5,376

Gallery[edit]

Notable citizens[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://keptar.niif.hu/000500/000586/magyaro-honf-terkep_nagykep.jpg
  2. ^ a b Početak nastanka (in Serbian), Official website, retrieved 2013-11-29
  3. ^ Razdoblje posle Turaka (in Serbian), Official website, retrieved 2013-11-29
  4. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Kanjiža". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Population by ethnicity, urban settlements – Kanjiža". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  7. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2018.

External links[edit]