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For the "pipe fox" used in Japanese fox sorcery, see kuda-gitsune. For the steam warship, see Japanese barque Kankō Maru.
"Kanko" redirects here. For the city in North Korea, see Kanko, North Korea.

Kankō (寛弘?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Chōhō and before Chōwa. This period spanned the years from July 1004[1] through December 1012.[2] The reigning emperors were Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇?) and Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇?).[3]

Change of Era[edit]

  • 1004 Kankō gannen (寛弘元年?): The era name was changed to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kankō 6, on the 20th day of the 7th month of 1004.[4]

Events of the Kankō Era[edit]

  • March 17, 1008 (Kankō 5, 8th day of the 2nd month): The former-Emperor Kazan died at the age of 41.[5]
  • July 16, 1011 (Kankō 8, 13th day of the 6th month): In the 5th year of Emperor Ichijō's reign (一条天皇5年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Sanjō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[6]
  • July 15, 1011 (Kankō 8, 22nd day of the 6th month ): Daijō-tennō Ichijō died at the age of 32.[7]
  • November 21, 1011 (Kankō 8, 24th day of the 10th month): Daijō-tennō Reizei, who was Emperor Sanjō's father, died at age 62.[8]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chōhō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 119, p. 119, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Chōwa" at p. 124., p. 124, at Google Books
  3. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 150-155; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 302-307; Varley, Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 192-195.
  4. ^ Brown, p. 305.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 306
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 307; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.]
  7. ^ Brown, p. 306.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 155; Brown, p. 306.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by