Kankakee County, Illinois

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Kankakee County, Illinois
Kankakee County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Kankakee County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded February 11, 1853
Named for Kankakee River
Seat Kankakee
Largest city Kankakee
Area
 • Total 681 sq mi (1,764 km2)
 • Land 677 sq mi (1,753 km2)
 • Water 4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 113,449
 • Density 168/sq mi (65/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kankakee.il.us

Kankakee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 113,449.[1] Its county seat is Kankakee.[2]

Kankakee County comprises the Kankakee, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Starting in the 1770s, if not earlier, the area that is now Kankakee County was dominated by the Pottawatami.

French Canadian Settlers came to Kankakee County in 1834, after the federal government signed the Treaty of Camp Tippecanoe in 1832. They were soon joined by migrants from New York and Vermont who had moved their way west, mostly locating in Momence, Illinois. In the 1840s, most of the migrants were French Canadians or Metis and they settled in such places as Bourbonnais.

An act of the Illinois Legislature created Kankakee County out of the north part of Iroquois County and the south part of Will County on February 11, 1853. The six original townships were: Yellowhead, Rockville, Bourbonnais, Momence, Aroma Park, and Limestone. The population of the new county was about 8,000. It wasn’t until 1855 that the two western townships of Norton and Essex were taken from Vermilion County and added to Kankakee County. The County was named for the Kankakee River.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 681 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 677 square miles (1,750 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Kankakee, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
 
31
12
 
 
1.6
 
 
37
17
 
 
2.8
 
 
48
28
 
 
3.8
 
 
61
38
 
 
4.5
 
 
73
49
 
 
4.4
 
 
83
59
 
 
4.4
 
 
86
63
 
 
3.1
 
 
84
61
 
 
3.5
 
 
78
52
 
 
2.7
 
 
65
40
 
 
3.4
 
 
50
30
 
 
2.6
 
 
36
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Kankakee have ranged from a low of 12 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.62 inches (41 mm) in February to 4.54 inches (115 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Kankakee County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 15,412
1870 24,352 58.0%
1880 25,047 2.9%
1890 28,732 14.7%
1900 37,154 29.3%
1910 40,752 9.7%
1920 44,920 10.2%
1930 50,095 11.5%
1940 60,877 21.5%
1950 73,524 20.8%
1960 92,063 25.2%
1970 97,250 5.6%
1980 102,926 5.8%
1990 96,255 −6.5%
2000 103,833 7.9%
2010 113,449 9.3%
Est. 2016 110,008 [5] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 113,449 people, 41,511 households, and 28,680 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 167.7 inhabitants per square mile (64.7/km2). There were 45,246 housing units at an average density of 66.9 per square mile (25.8/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 77.6% white, 15.1% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 4.0% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.0% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 26.5% were German, 14.2% were Irish, 7.4% were English, 6.7% were Italian, 5.8% were Polish, and 3.6% were American.[11]

Of the 41,511 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.9% were non-families, and 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age was 36.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,484 and the median income for a family was $59,998. Males had a median income of $49,858 versus $32,247 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,888. About 10.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Kankakee County is divided into seventeen townships:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 53.1% 25,129 40.1% 18,971 6.8% 3,205
2012 50.7% 23,136 47.3% 21,595 2.0% 923
2008 46.8% 22,527 51.4% 24,750 1.8% 861
2004 54.9% 24,739 44.4% 20,003 0.7% 294
2000 49.9% 20,049 47.7% 19,180 2.4% 954
1996 41.4% 14,595 47.7% 16,820 10.9% 3,826
1992 38.5% 15,411 43.0% 17,229 18.6% 7,431
1988 56.8% 20,316 42.4% 15,147 0.8% 292
1984 60.0% 23,807 38.4% 15,246 1.5% 612
1980 58.3% 23,810 35.8% 14,626 6.0% 2,437
1976 54.6% 23,003 43.7% 18,394 1.7% 711
1972 66.5% 26,866 33.3% 13,434 0.2% 73
1968 52.4% 20,025 37.8% 14,460 9.8% 3,765
1964 43.6% 16,082 56.4% 20,792
1960 54.2% 20,311 45.7% 17,115 0.1% 26
1956 66.4% 21,993 33.5% 11,088 0.1% 47
1952 61.4% 20,279 38.3% 12,636 0.3% 90
1948 57.7% 15,699 41.6% 11,305 0.7% 197
1944 57.2% 15,256 42.5% 11,342 0.3% 90
1940 53.6% 15,998 46.0% 13,716 0.4% 124
1936 41.2% 10,935 49.6% 13,162 9.2% 2,441
1932 43.9% 10,873 54.7% 13,555 1.5% 364
1928 53.4% 11,905 46.0% 10,247 0.6% 127
1924 67.5% 12,462 13.5% 2,488 19.1% 3,521
1920 79.3% 12,853 17.5% 2,828 3.2% 520
1916 62.3% 10,594 35.8% 6,096 1.9% 319
1912 36.4% 3,178 29.0% 2,532 34.6% 3,018
1908 68.5% 5,999 28.1% 2,461 3.5% 303
1904 74.9% 6,162 20.1% 1,652 5.0% 410
1900 67.4% 5,798 31.1% 2,674 1.5% 125
1896 68.2% 5,471 29.5% 2,370 2.3% 181
1892 54.4% 3,577 42.0% 2,763 3.6% 233

Although a typical prosperous Yankeecollar”-type county in the century following the Civil War, Kankakee County is currently considered a Republican-leaning swing county. In the 2008 Presidential Election, Kankakee County voted 52 percent in favor of Illinois native Barack Obama (D), giving 47 percent to John McCain (R). However, in the 2004 Presidential Election, Kankakee County voted 55 percent in favor of George W. Bush (R) and 44 percent for John Kerry (D).

Kankakee County is in Illinois's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Robin Kelly (D-Matteson).

Kankakee County has produced three governors: Len Small (R), Samuel H. Shapiro (D), and George H. Ryan (R).

In December 2016, Kankakee County became the only county in Illinois to have a Libertarian county board member when Jim Byrne of Bradley left the Republican Party to join the Libertarian Party. [14]Byrne was elected in 2016 as a Republican, and since there is no official Libertarian party in Illinois he serves as a Republican.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Kankakee, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Kankakee County Board's Byrne Joins Libertarian Party of Illinois" (Press release). Springfield, Illinois: Libertarian Party of Illinois. December 7, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  15. ^ http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/IL/Kankakee/64640/184155/Web01/en/summary.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
General
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°08′N 87°52′W / 41.14°N 87.86°W / 41.14; -87.86