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Kanke Dam
Kanke is located in Jharkhand
Kanke is located in India
Coordinates: 23°26′N 85°19′E / 23.43°N 85.32°E / 23.43; 85.32Coordinates: 23°26′N 85°19′E / 23.43°N 85.32°E / 23.43; 85.32
Country India
State Jharkhand
District Ranchi
Elevation 611 m (2,005 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 17,560
 • Official Hindi, Santali,Ho
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration JH

Kanke is a census town in Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Kanke has a large water reservoir called Kanke Dam, which is used to supply water to Ranchi city. The Kanke Mental Asylum (one of the largest in India) and Central Institute of Psychiatry (formerly known as European Mental Hospital) was started by the British who thought that the cooler climate of Ranchi would be salubrious to mental health. Birsa Agricultural University,[1] Institute for Coal Management, Birsa Veterinary Institute, and few other institutions are also located in Kanke.


Kanke is located at 23°26′N 85°19′E / 23.43°N 85.32°E / 23.43; 85.32.[2] It has an average elevation of 611 metres (2004 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Kanke had a population of 17,560. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kanke has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 70%. In Kanke, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.