Kannadasan

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'Kaviarasu' Kannadasan
Profile picture of Kannadasan.jpg
BornA. S. Muthiah Chettiar
(1927-06-24)24 June 1927
Sirukoodalpatti, Karaikudi Taluk, Madura district, Madras Presidency, British Indian Empire (modern-day Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu, India)
Died17 October 1981(1981-10-17) (aged 54)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Pen nameKaraimuthu Pulavar
Vanangamudi
Kanakappriya
Parvathi Nathan
Arokkiya Saamy
OccupationPoet, novelist, lyricist, politician, film producer, literary editor
Nationality Indian
Citizenship India (1927-1981; his death)
Education8th grade dropout
(passed Tamil Pulavar course)
Notable worksArthamulla Indhu Madham
Yesu Kaaviyam
Notable awardsNational Film Award for Best Lyrics
1961 Kuzhanthaikkaga

Sahitya Academy Award
1980 Cheraman Kadali
SpousesPonnazhagi (Ponnammal)
(m. 1950–1981; his death); 7 children
Parvathi (Parvathiammal)
(m. 1950–1981; his death); 7 children
Valliammai - 1976 to 1981
Children14)Including
GandhiKannadasan
AnnaduraiKannadasan
Dr.KamalaKannadasan
SrinivasanKannadasan
GopiKannadasan
Dr.RamasamyKannadasan
VisaliKannadasan
VenkadachalamKannadasan
KanmaniSubbuKannadasan
KalaivananKannadasan
and
Smt. RevathyShanmugham
Parents
  • Sathappan Chettiar (father)
  • Visalakshi (mother)

Kannadasan About this soundpronunciation  (24 June 1927 – 17 October 1981) was an Indian poet and lyricist, heralded as one of the greatest and most important lyricists in India. Frequently called Kaviarasu or Kavirajar (King of Poets), Kannadasan was most familiar for his song lyrics in Tamil films and contributed around 5000 film lyrics apart from 6000 poems and 232 books,[1] including novels, epics, plays, essays, his most popular being the 10-part religious essay on Hinduism, Artthamulla Indhumatham (Meaningful Hindu Religion). He won the Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel Cheraman Kadali in the year 1980 and was the first to receive the National Film Award for Best Lyrics, given in 1969 for the film Kuzhanthaikkaga.[2]

Religious Views[edit]

Muthiah was a keen follower of the Dravidian atheistic movement. He had great love of Tamil language and it's culture, and excelled in Tamil literature, both prose and poetry. He read the Thiruppavai of Andal, and was amazed at its mystic poetry, which was to have a deep and lasting impact on him. After a lot of introspection, he decided to convert back to Sanatana Dharma. He renamed himself as Kannadasan, meaning the servant of Lord Sri Krishna (In Tamil Kannan means Krishna and in Sanskrit, Dasa means servant), as he had become a Vaishnava Hindu. There is another train of thought that the kanna in his adopted name doesn't refer to the Hindu God, but to Jalagandapuram Kannan, his mentor. He dug deep into understanding Sanatana Dharma, and wrote his series of books on Sanatana Dharma titled Arthamulla Indhu Matham. He was born in the village of Sirukoodalpatti, which is near Karaikudi.[3][4]

Songwriting[edit]

Kannadasan's greatest contribution to Tamil culture is his songwriting. Before Kannadasan, many lyricsists like Papanasam Sivan, Kambadasan, Vindhan, A. Maruthakasi, and Ku. Ma. Balasubramaniam were sought after in the Tamil music industry, but after the advent of Kannadasan, the scene changed. He quickly became the most sought after lyricist in the industry and remained so until his death. Kannadasan was so popular that few songs written by other contemporary poets were considered to be written by Kannadhasan } Though, after his death, film lyrics have come a long way, many people still consider Kannadasan to be the best songwriter.[citation needed] He is considered to be the greatest modern Tamil poet after Subramanya Bharathi.[citation needed]

He was the producer of the historic Tamil film Sivagangai Seemai portraying the pioneers of the Indian freedom struggle "Marudhu Pandaiars". The song "Santhupottu" from that film remains popular.

Spiritual Books[edit]

  • Arthamulla Indhu Matham
  • Yesu Kaviyam
  • Bagavath geethai
  • Ponmazhai
  • Bajagovindam
  • Sri Krishna Kavasam
  • Sri venkatesa Suprabatham- Andal Thirupaavai
  • Ambigai Alagu Dharisanam
  • Krishna Anthathi
  • Sankara Pokisham

Notable novels[edit]

  • Cheraman kathali
  • Aval oru hindhu pen
  • Sivappukal mukkuththi
  • Ratha pushpangal
  • Avalukakga oru padal
  • Swarna saraswathi
  • Nadantha kathai
  • Misa
  • Suruthi seratha rakangal
  • Mupadhu naalum pournami
  • Arangamum antharangamum
  • Kadal konda thennadu
  • Ayiram thivu angkayarkanni
  • Kamini kanchana
  • Kutti kathaigal
  • Oru kavinani kathai
  • Velangkudi thiruvila
  • Ayiramkal mandapam
  • Birundhavanam
  • Aachi
  • Vilaku matuma sivapu
  • Aathanathu aathimanthi
  • Anarkalai
  • Athaivida ragasiyam
  • Paarimalai kodi
  • Oru Nathiyin kathai
  • Sembagathaman kathai
  • Manampola vaalvu
  • Sivakangai seemai
  • Santhithen sinthithen
  • Oomaiyin Kottai
  • Sarasuvin soundarya lagari

Poetry[edit]

  • Mutruperatha Kaviyangal
  • Sri krishna anthathi
  • Ambigai alagu dharisanam
  • Maangani
  • Paadi kudutha mangalam
  • Thaipaavai
  • Kannadhasan Kavithaigal Parts 1-7

Autobiographies[5][edit]

  • Enathu Suyasaritham
  • Enathu Vasantha Kaalangal
  • Vanavasam
  • Manavasam
  • Naan Partha Arasiyal

Selected filmography[edit]

Lyrics[edit]

  1. Singari (1951)
  2. Aayirathil oruvan
  3. Mannadhi Mannan
  4. Thaai Sollai Thattadhe
  5. Thaayai Kaatha Thanayan
  6. Paasam
  7. Karuppu Panam
  8. Panathottam
  9. Periya Idathu Penn
  10. Dharmam Thalaikakkum
  11. Anandha Jodhi
  12. Neethikkupin passam
  13. Kudumbathalaivan
  14. Kaanchi Thalaivan
  15. Parisu
  16. Vettaikaran
  17. Panakkara Kudumbam
  18. Palum Pazhamum
  19. Thiruvilayadal
  20. Saraswathi Sabatham
  21. Pattikada Pattanama
  22. Urimaikural
  23. En Kadamai
  24. Nadodi
  25. Thanga Pathakkam
  26. Paasa Malar
  27. Moondram Pirai
  28. Iruvar Ullam
  29. Dheerga Sumangali
  30. Aalayam
  31. Annai
  32. Naanum Oru Penn
  33. Pazhani
  34. Varumayin Niram Sivappu
  35. Billa (1980)
  36. Thee

Scriptwriter[edit]

Onscreen appearances[edit]

Poet laureate[edit]

Kannadasan was the poet Laureate of the Tamil Nadu Government at the time of his death. He wrote two notable autobiographies, titled Vanavasam, a book about his past life whilst he was atheist, with the DMK and a sequel, titled Manavasam a book about his life after he had left DMK

His contribution to Tamil literature[edit]

Kannadasan was a prolific writer and his writing covered a variety of forms- poems, novels, lyrics for Tamil films and books on spirituality. His series titled Arthamulla Indhu Matham (Meaningful Hindu Religion) is known for its simplicity in explaining the principles of Hinduism. He wrote a number of spiritual works in the later part of his life including Yesu Kaviyam the story of Jesus told in the poetic form. Many of Kannadasan’s poems have been translated into French.[6]

He wrote and published several volumes of poetry. He was an admirer of Kambar, and wrote a number of poems praising Kambar's artistry, contrary to the satire ("Kambarasam") on the same by C.N.Annadurai. He also spoke at several of the Kambar festivals. He sang the beauty of Seethai's gait and the shoulders of Rama; he spoke of beauty intoxicating and dropped me in a vessel of amrut (liquour)" This is one of Kannadasan's tribute to the poet Kambar.

He wrote a book about the life of Jesus Christ "Yesu Kaaviyam" rendered in a pristine poetical Tamil. It was published at Trichirapalli in the year 1981. The function was presided over by the then chief minister of Tamilnadu Mr. M.G. Ramachandran. Yesu Kaaviyam was the last literary work of Kannadasan.

Death[edit]

Kannadasan died on 17 October 1981 in Chicago, United States, where he had gone from India to attend a Tamil conference organised by the Tamil Association of Chicago. He was aged just 54 at the time of his death.[7] The song "Kanne Kalaimane" from the film 'Moondram Pirai', released a few months later, was his last song.

Legacy[edit]

The Government of Tamil Nadu erected a memorial hall as "Kaviarasar Kannadasan Manimandapam" at Karaikudi.[5] The road adjoining Natesan Park in T.Nagar, Chennai was previously called as Hensman Road is where Kannadasan resided from 1958 and it was renamed "Kannadasan street" in his honour after his demise.
It was in this house where 7 Chief Ministers from Sri Mr. Bakthavachalam to Sri Ms.Jayalalitha had visited Kannadasan. Kannadhasan once owned 14 cars which were parked on either side of the road in front of house and the last remaining one which was given by Sri Kamarajar is still at display in this very house.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". Kannadasanpathippagam.com. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  2. ^ Dhananjayan, G. (2014-11-03). PRIDE OF TAMIL CINEMA: 1931 TO 2013: Tamil Films that have earned National and International Recognition. Blue Ocean Publishers.
  3. ^ "nattukottai chettiar". Nattukottaichettiar.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  4. ^ Nagarathar Heritage (2017-04-03). "Kannadasan Biography | Kaviarasu | Sirukoodalpatti". YouTube. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  5. ^ a b "KAVIARASAR KANNADASAN MANIMANDAPAM". Tndipr.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  6. ^ Krishnamachari, Suganthy. "Kannadasan's lyrics held a mirror to life". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

[1] http://www.localnewspaper.in/gallery/gandhi-kannadhasan/ [2] https://www.dailythanthi.com/News/SirappuKatturaigal/2018/10/16124710/Karna-in-life.vpf [3] https://www.vikatan.com/news/coverstory/95177-this-is-how-kannadasan-bought-house-tale-of-t-nagar-episode-14.html [4] https://www.vikatan.com/thadam/2018-aug-01/exclusive-articles/143028-gandhi-kannadasan-talks-about-kannadasan.html [5]

https://www.vikatan.com/news/coverstory/105237-a-poet-turned-politician-kannadasan.html

  1. ^ Gandhi Kannadhasan
  2. ^ Annadurai Kannadhasan
  3. ^ Kannadhasan House
  4. ^ Article on Kannadasan favorite belongings
  5. ^ Kannadhasan political journey