Kannemeyeria

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Kannemeyeria
Temporal range: Early Triassic–Middle Triassic
Kannemeyeria erithrea.JPG
Skull of Kannemeyeria erithrea
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Therapsida
Infraorder: Dicynodontia
Family: Kannemeyeriidae
Genus: Kannemeyeria
Seeley 1908
Species
  • K. simocephala Weithofer 1888 (type)
  • K. lophorhinus Renaut et al. 2003
  • K. vjuschkovi Danilov 1971
  • K. wilsoni Broom 1937
Synonyms
  • Proplacerias Cruickshank 1970
  • Ptychocynodon Seeley 1904
  • Sagecephalus Jaekel 1926

Kannemeyeria was a large dicynodont of the family Kannemeyeriidae, one of the first representatives of the family, and hence one of the first large herbivores of the Triassic. It lived during the later Early and early Middle part of the Triassic period (from the late Olenekian to the Middle Anisian age).

Description[edit]

Kannemeyeria was about 3 metres (9.8 ft) in length, about the size of an ox. It was well-adapted to living as a herbivore; it had a powerful beak and strong jaw muscles built for shearing plant material. Although it had a large head, it was lightweight due to the size of the eye sockets and nasal cavity. It also had limb girdles which formed massive plates of bone that helped support its heavily built body.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Kannemeyeria is known from the Omingonde Formation of Namibia, the Donguz Formation of Orenburg, Russia, the Burgersdorp Formation of South Africa, and the Ntawere Formation of Zambia.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 191. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.