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Centre of Commerce, Tumbin Giwa
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
|Date created||May 27, 1967|
|• Governor||Abdullahi Umar Ganduje|
|• Deputy Governor||Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna|
|• Total||20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20th of 36|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||1st of 36|
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|• Total||$12.39 billion|
|• Per capita||$1,288|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-KN|
|HDI (2016)||0.539 · 30th of 36|
|^1 Preliminary results|
Kano State is a state in Northern Nigeria. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.
The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991.
Economy and society
Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practised in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country's independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.
Commercial activities in Kano first developed with the establishment of the Kurmi market by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in the 16th century CE. Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial centre in Sudanic Africa. During the Caliphate period in the 19th century, the Emirs Ibrahim Dabo and Sulaimanu encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi. The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million. Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.
Kano State is the second-largest industrial centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc.
The tourist attractions in the state include:
- Kurmi Market established in the 15th century,
- Kano's centuries-old city wall,
- Gidan Rumfa (Emir's Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)
- Kano Zoo
Kano state is blessed with universities which include one federal, two states universities and one first private university.
- Bayero University Kano (BUK) founded in the year 1977.
- Kano State University of Technology (KUT), currently Kano University of Science and Technology (KUST), created in the year 2000.
- Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano (YUSMUK), formerly known as North-West University, Kano (NWU, kano) established in 2012.
- Skyline University Nigeria (SUN) founded in the year 2018.
The research centres and institute in Kano State:
- Aminu Kano Center for Democratic Research & Training
- Center For Research and Documentation, Kano
- Institute For Agricultural Research, Kano
- Hydraulic Equipment Development Institute, Kano
- Digital Bridge Institute, Kano
Polytechnics and Colleges
List of the approved Polytechnics and Colleges in the state of Kano.
- Federal College of Education, Kano
- Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi
- Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano
- Kano State Polytechnic
- Kano State School of Health Technology
- Kano State School of Hygiene
- Kano State College of Arts, Sciences and Remedial Studies (CAS, Kano)
- Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso College of Advance and Remedial Studies (RMK CARS, T/Wada)
- Audu Bako School of Agriculture, Dambatta
- Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies, Kano
- Sa'adatu Rimi College of Education, Kano
- Aminu Dabo School of Health Sciences & Technology
Local Government Areas
Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:
|LGA Name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Local Government chairman and the Head of the Local Government Council|
|Fagge||21||200,095||Waje||700||Alh. Habibu Saleh Mai Lemo (APC)|
|Dala||19||418,759||Gwanmaja||700||Alh. Ibrahim Suleiman Dan’isle (APC)|
|Gwale||18||357,827||Gwale||700||Alh. Abdullahi Zubair Imam (APC)|
|Kano Municipal||17||371,243||Kofar Kudu||700||Alh. Mukhtari Ishaq Yakasai (APC)|
|Tarauni||28||221,844||Unguwa Uku||700||Engr. (Dr.) Mukhtar Umar Zakari (APC)|
|Nassarawa||34||596,411||Bompai||700||Alh. Lamin Sani Kawaji (APC)|
|Kumbotso||158||294,391||Kumbotso||700||Alh. Lawan Isma'il (APC)|
|Ungogo||204||365,737||Ungogo||700||Alh. Shehu Aliyu Ungogo (APC)|
|Kano Metropolitan Area||499||2,828,861||700|
|Dawakin Tofa||479||246,197||Dawakin Tofa||701||Alh. Saleh Rabiu (APC)|
|Tofa||202||98,603||Tofa||701||Alh. Yaro Inuwa (APC)|
|Rimin Gado||225||103,371||Rimin Gado||701||Alh. Halliru Audu Yalwa (APC)|
|Bagwai||405||161,533||Bagwai||701||Alh. Ado Isyaku Daddauda (APC)|
|Gezawa||340||282,328||Gezawa||702||Alh. Ibrahim Isa Jogana (APC)|
|Gabasawa||605||211,204||Zakirai||702||Alh. Ghali Adamu Garun Danga (APC)|
|Minjibir||416||219,611||Minjibir||702||Alh. Nasiru Garba Kunya (APC)|
|Dambatta||732||210,474||Dambatta||702||Muhammadu Audu Wango (APC)|
|Makoda||441||220,094||Makoda||702||Abubakar Salisu Makoda (APC)|
|Kunchi||671||110,170||Kunchi||703||Alh. Aminu Adamu Gwarmai (APC)|
|Bichi||612||278,309||Bichi||703||Alh. Muhammad Sani Muqaddas (APC)|
|Tsanyawa||492||157,730||Tsanyawa||703||Alh. Safiyanu Muhammad (APC)|
|Shanono||697||139,128||Shanono||704||Alh. Malami Ibrahim Shanono (APC)|
|Gwarzo||393||183,624||Gwarzo||704||Alh. Sunusi Abdullahi Gwarzo (APC)|
|Karaye||479||144,045||Karaye||704||Alh. Ibrahim Ahmad Karaye (APC)|
|Rogo||802||227,607||Rogo||704||Alh. Abubakar Mustapha Rogo (APC)|
|Kabo||341||153,158||Kabo||704||Alh. Mamuda Idris Kabo (APC)|
|Northern Kano State||8,332||3,143,899||701 to 704|
|Bunkure||487||174,467||Bunkure||710||Alh. Rabiu Bala (APC)|
|Kibiya||404||138,618||Kibiya||710||Yusuf Shehu Kibiya (APC)|
|Rano||520||148,276||Rano||710||Alh. Muhammadu Ubale Dan-Kawu (APC)|
|Tudun Wada||1,204||228,658||Tudun Wada||710||Engr. Ibrahim Nayola (APC)|
|Doguwa||1,473||150,645||Riruwai||710||Alh. Ali Abdu Doguwa (APC)|
|Madobi||273||137,685||Madobi||711||Alh. Lurwanu Umar Kanwa (APC)|
|Kura||206||143,094||Kura||711||Alh. Basiru Abubakar Turaki (APC)|
|Garun Mallam||214||118,622||Garun Mallam||711||Alh. Sa'adu Abashe (APC)|
|Bebeji||717||191,916||Bebeji||711||Alh. Mudansir Umar Bebeji (APC)|
|Kiru||927||267,168||Kiru||711||Nasiru Mu'azu Kiru (APC)|
|Sumaila||1,250||250,379||Sumaila||712||Abdulhamid Idris Rimi (APC)|
|Garko||450||161,966||Garko||712||Arc. Hamza Said Garun Ali (APC)|
|Takai||598||202,639||Takai||712||Alh. Inusa Abdullahi Dambazau (APC)|
|Albasu||398||187,639||Albasu||712||Alh. Hamisu Abdulhamid (APC)|
|Gaya||613||207,419||Gaya||713||Alh. Lawan Saleh (APC)|
|Ajingi||714||172,610||Ajingi||713||Alh. Isa Abdulkadir Tsangaya (APC)|
|Wudil||362||188,639||Wudil||713||Bello Abubakar (APC)|
|Warawa||360||131,858||Warawa||713||Alh. Ibrahim Abdullahi Danlasan (APC)|
|Dawakin Kudu||384||225,497||Dawakin Kudu||713||Alh. Maikudi Yusuf 'Yargaya (APC)|
|Southern Kano State||11,554||3,410,922||710 to 713|
According to the 2006 PON census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,401,288. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country. The state is mostly populated by the Hausa people.
- See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
- "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
- "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
-  Archived January 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". kanostate.net. Kano State Government Nigeria. Archived from the original on December 10, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.
- Kano population statistics
- "Commercial Agriculture Development Project (CADP)". 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Kano.|