Kansas's 1st congressional district

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Kansas's 1st congressional district
Kansas US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Kansas's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Roger Marshall (RGreat Bend)
Population (2010) 725,222[1]
Median income 45,540
Cook PVI R+22[2]

Kansas's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Kansas. Commonly known as "The Big First", the district encompasses 63 counties in western and northern Kansas (more than half of the state), making it the 12th largest congressional district in the nation.[3] Located within the district are Manhattan, Salina, Dodge City, Emporia, Garden City, Hays and Hutchinson. From 2011 to 2017, the district was represented by Republican Tim Huelskamp who was originally elected in 2010 to succeed fellow Republican Jerry Moran who ran successfully for the U.S. Senate seat formerly held by now Governor Sam Brownback. Huelskamp was re-elected twice in 2012 and 2014, but lost the 2016 Republican primary for a fourth term to obstetrician Roger Marshall.[4]

A characteristically rural district, the 1st is one of the most conservative districts in the nation. Republicans dominate every level of government, often winning by well over 70 percent of the vote on the occasions they face any opposition at all. Spilling across two time zones and parts of three television markets, it extremely difficult to campaign in and has few unifying influences. Due to its size, its congressman is usually reckoned as a statewide political figure, with a very good chance of winning statewide office in the future. Three of the district's former congressmen ascended to the Senate – Jerry Moran, Bob Dole and Pat Roberts.


Kansas had a single representative in the U.S. House of Representatives until after the 1870 U.S. Census, which showed that the state was entitled to three members of the lower branch of the national legislature. In 1872 three representatives-at-large were elected, but by the act of March 2, 1874, the legislature divided the state into three districts. The 1st congressional district was composed of the counties of Leavenworth, Doniphan, Brown, Nemaha, Marshall, Washington, Republic, Jewell, Smith, Phillips, Norton, Graham, Rooks, Osborne, Mitchell, Cloud, Clay, Ottawa, Ellis, Ellsworth, Russell, Saline, Dickinson, Lincoln, Riley, Pottawatomie, Jackson, Jefferson, Atchison, Davis (Geary), "and all that territory lying north of the second standard parallel."

No changes were made in until after the 1880 U.S. census, which gave the state seven representatives. On March 5, 1883, Governor George Washington Glick approved an act of the legislature which reduced the 1st congressional district to only include the counties of Nemaha, Brown, Doniphan, Pottawatomie, Jackson, Atchison, Jefferson and Leavenworth. The apportionment was amended by the act of March 13, 1897, which placed Shawnee County in the 1st congressional district and Pottawatomie County in the 4th congressional district.

Although the 1890 U.S. Census showed the population of Kansas to be large enough to entitle the state to eight representatives, no additional district was created until 1905. By the act of March 9, 1905, the state was divided into eight districts with the 1st congressional district being composed of the counties of Nemaha, Brown, Doniphan, Jackson, Atchison, Jefferson, Leavenworth and Shawnee.[5]

The state's current districting dates from the 1990 U.S. Census, when Kansas was reduced from five districts to four. The 1st District has continued to grow in size since that time, due to the state's population shifts to the eastern side of the state bordering Missouri. The current borders were established in 2012 by a panel of three federal judges, after the Kansas Legislature failed to pass new district maps.[6]


2000 census demographics[edit]

Following redistricting after the U.S. Census in 2000,[7] there were 672,091 people, 260,490 households, and 177,858 families residing in the district. The population density was 11.7/mi² over a land area of 57,373 square miles (roughly the same size as the state of Illinois). There were 292,436 housing units at an average density of 5.1/mi². The racial makeup of the district is 89.02% White, 2.14% Black or African American, 0.95% Asian, 0.52% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.62% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.85% of the population.

There were 260,490 households out of which 34.52% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.65% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.72% were non-families. 27.58% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.75% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the district the population distribution by age was 26.46% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.27% from 25 to 44, 21.41% from 45 to 64, and 16.36% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the district is $34,869, and the median income for a family was $42,292. Males had a median income of $29,662 versus $20,851 for females. The per capita income for the district was $17,255. About 7.8% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Among the population aged 16 years and older, 65.1% was in the civilian labor force and 0.4% were in the armed forces. Of the employed civilian workers, 16.3% were government workers and 11.4% were self-employed. Management, professional, and related occupations employed 29.4% of the work force and sales and office occupations an additional 23.4%. Only 2.7% were employed in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. The largest employment by industry was: educational, health and social services, 22.7%; manufacturing, 13.8%; retail trade, 11.7%; and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining, 10.1%.

List of representatives[edit]


  Democratic (1)   Republican (15)

Congress Representative Term Party Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1875
44th William Addison Phillips (Kansas Congressman).jpg William A. Phillips March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879 Republican Salina Redistricted from the At-large district
46th John Alexander Anderson - Brady-Handy.jpg John A. Anderson March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1885 Republican Manhattan Redistricted to the 5th district
49th ENMorrill.jpg Edmund N. Morrill March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891 Republican Hiawatha Redistricted from the At-large district
52nd Case Broderick (Kansas Congressman).jpg Case Broderick March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1899 Republican Holton Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1898
56th Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis March 4, 1899 – January 28, 1907 Republican Topeka Redistricted from the 4th district, Resigned after being elected to the Senate
60th DanielReadAnthony.jpg Daniel R. Anthony, Jr. May 23, 1907 – March 3, 1929 Republican Leavenworth Retired
71st William P. Lambertson (Kansas Congressman).jpg William Lambertson March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1945 Republican Fairview Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1946
79th Albert M. Cole (Kansas Congressman).jpg Albert M. Cole January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953 Republican Holton Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1952
83rd Howard S. Miller (Kansas Congressman).jpg Howard S. Miller January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 Democratic Morrill Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1954
84th William Henry Avery.png William H. Avery January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963 Republican Wakefield Redistricted to the 2nd district
88th Bob Dole, PCCWW photo portrait.JPG Bob Dole January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1969 Republican Russell Redistricted from the 6th district
elected to the Senate
92nd Keith Sebelius.jpg Keith Sebelius January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1981 Republican Norton Retired
97th Pat Roberts official photo.jpg Pat Roberts January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1997 Republican Dodge City Elected to the Senate
105th Jerry Moran, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jerry Moran January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011 Republican Hays Elected to the Senate
112th Tim Huelskamp.jpg Tim Huelskamp January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017 Republican Fowler Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 2016
115th Roger Marshall Freshman Portrait.jpg Roger Marshall January 3, 2017 – Present Republican Great Bend

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Results Political parties that won the district
2000 President George W. Bush 67 - Al Gore 29% Republican Party (United States)
2004 President George W. Bush 72 - John Kerry 26% Republican Party (United States)
2008 President John McCain 69 - Barack Obama 30% Republican Party (United States)
2012 President Mitt Romney 70 - Barack Obama 28% Republican Party (United States)
2016 President Donald Trump 69 - Hillary Clinton 24% Republican Party (United States)

Recent election results[edit]


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 186,850 91.10
Libertarian Jack Warner 18,250 8.90
Total votes 205,100 100.00
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 239,776 90.72
Libertarian Jack Warner 24,517 9.28
Total votes 264,293 100.00
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 153,298 78.65
Democratic John Doll 38,820 19.92
Reform Sylvester Cain 2,792 1.43
Total votes 194,910 100.00
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 214,549 81.88
Democratic James Bordonaro 34,771 13.27
Reform Kathleen Burton 7,145 2.73
Libertarian Jack Warner 5,562 2.12
Total votes 262,027 100.00
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Huelskamp 142,281 73.76
Democratic Alan Jilka 44,068 22.85
Libertarian Jack Warner 6,537 3.39
Total votes 192,886 100.00
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Huelskamp (incumbent) 211,337 100
Total votes 211,337 100
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Huelskamp (incumbent) 138,764 67.97
Democratic James Sherow 65,397 32.03
Total votes 204,161 100
Republican hold


Kansas's 1st congressional district election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roger Marshall 166,051 66.24%
Independent Alan LaPolice 66,218 26.41%
Libertarian Kerry Burt 18,415 7.35%
Total votes 250,684 100%
Republican hold

Historical district boundaries[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/fastfacts/
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  3. ^ http://www.centerforpolitics.org/crystalball/articles/size-matters/
  4. ^ Chokshi, Niraj; Mele, Christopher (August 3, 2016). "Tim Huelskamp, Anti-Establishment House Republican, Loses Primary in Kansas". The New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2016. 
  5. ^ Frank W. Blackmar, ed. (1912). "Congressional Districts". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... I. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. pp. 400–401. 
  6. ^ http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2012/jun/08/lawrence-placed-entirely-2nd-district-under-congre/
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 38°37′01″N 95°16′24″W / 38.61687°N 95.27344°W / 38.61687; -95.27344