Kansas City crime family
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|Founding location||Kansas City, Missouri, United States|
|Territory||Primarily the Kansas City metropolitan area, with additional territory in Omaha, Tulsa, Washington D.C. and Las Vegas|
|Ethnicity||Italians as "made men" and other ethnicities as associates|
|Membership (est.)||12 made members (2015)|
|Activities||Racketeering, extortion, murder, gambling, loan sharking, skimming, waste management, narcotics, bookmaking, and bribery|
|Rivals||Various gangs over Kansas City, including their allies.|
The Italian-American organized crime family began when two Sicilian mafiosi known as the DiGiovanni brothers fled Sicily to Kansas City, Missouri, in 1912. Joseph "Joe Church" DiGiovanni and Peter "Sugarhouse Pete" DiGiovanni began making money from a variety of criminal operations or rackets shortly after their arrival.
Their fortunes greatly improved with the introduction of Prohibition, when they became the only group bootlegging alcohol in Kansas City. Their rackets at this time were controlled by John Lazia, who later became the leading figure when the organisation expanded. The gang was given virtually a free hand to operate by their boss Tom Pendergast, head of the Pendergast Machine that controlled Kansas City's government at the time. Under Pendergast, Kansas City became a wide-open town, with absolutely no alcohol-related arrests being made within city limits during the entirety of Prohibition. The DiGiovanni family directly benefited from this lack of enforcement of prohibition laws.
When Prohibition ended in 1933, the family, although already involved in various rackets, allegedly began extorting bars. On July 10, 1934, Lazia was assassinated, probably on the orders of his underboss, Charles Carrollo, who ruled as boss until his arrest in 1939 for tax evasion. His underboss Charles Binaggio then became the new boss and expanded the family's areas of labor into racketeering. With the help of Binaggio, Forrest Smith was elected in the Missouri gubernatorial race of 1948, and he took office on January 10, 1949. Binaggio was seen as a liability to the Mafia's nationwide commission, and it was decided that Binaggio should be killed. He was assassinated on April 6, 1950, and his successor Anthony Gizzo died of a heart attack in 1953.
The new boss was now Nicholas Civella, who greatly expanded the family's rackets and forged alliances with families from other cities, making the organization very powerful. Civella used the Teamsters to fund casinos in Las Vegas. In 1975, Civella was imprisoned on gambling charges for betting on the 1970 Super Bowl, played between the Minnesota Vikings and the Kansas City Chiefs. Around this time, there was a war in the family over control of the River Quay entertainment district, in which three buildings were bombed and several gangsters were killed.
The Kansas City FBI, suspecting mob involvement at the Tropicana Casino in Las Vegas, set up a broad investigation, known as Operation Strawman, which involved wiretapping phones of reputed mobsters and their associates in Kansas City. From the evidence collected by taps and other eavesdropping in the late 1970s, the FBI discovered a conspiracy to skim money from the Tropicana Casino.
Operation Strawman learned that Joe Agosto, head of the Tropicana's Folies Bergere show, controlled the skimming in the Tropicana. Agosto was secretly sending cash from the casino to Kansas City organized-crime chief Nick Civella and Joseph Aiuppa of Chicago, as well as Cleveland and Milwaukee mobsters.
In 1981, a grand jury in Kansas City indicted Agosto, Kansas City mob boss Nick Civella, Civella's brother Carl Civella, mob member Carl DeLuna, and Carl Thomas, who had directed the illegal skimming of cash at the Tropicana with two others. The defendants were convicted in 1983.
The Kansas City family had an estimated 25 made members as of the late 1990s, according to the FBI.
The current boss of the family is believed to be John Joseph Sciortino, also known as "Johnny Joe", godson of Anthony Civella. The current underboss is believed to be Peter Simone.
On July 21, 2008, Carl "Tuffy" DeLuna, former underboss to Nick Civella and brother-in-law to Anthony Civella, died.
In August 2008, retired FBI agent William Ouseley published his history of the KC crime family from 1900 to 1950 in a book titled Open City.
On March 20, 2009, Blackhand Strawman, a documentary of Kansas City's organized crime history, was released in theaters in Kansas City.
On March 1, 2011 retired FBI agent William Ouseley published his history of the KC crime family from 1950 to 2000 in a book titled Mobsters in Our Midst.
On November 25, 2013, the documentary film Gangland Wire was released to theaters. This film uses audio clips from FBI wiretaps to tell the story of how law enforcement uncovered a massive conspiracy to control Las Vegas casinos.
On March 11, 2010, the FBI indicted Gerlarmo Cammisano, James Moretina, Michael Lombardo, and James DiCapo for allegedly operating a "multi-million-dollar internet gambling scheme".
Gerlarmo Cammisano, son of William "Willie the Rat" Cammisano, served as the "master agent" of the sports bookmaking operation, which was based in the Kansas City area. Gerlarmo Cammisano's brother, William D. Cammisano, Jr., pleaded guilty for his role in the sports bookmaking operation. In January 1992, Moretina pleaded guilty to a federal money laundering charge and was sentenced to 37 months. Moretina served as president of a firm that distributed illegal video gambling machines. He and his business partner, purported mob underboss Peter J. Simone, operated the Be Amused Vending and Amusement Co. Moretina is the son of Charles Moretina, who was convicted in the 1980s for skimming Las Vegas casino gambling receipts.
Prior to the indictment, six individuals pleaded guilty in connection with the investigation, including three – Vincent Civella and brothers Michael and Anthony Sansone – who are the son and grandsons of former Kansas City boss Anthony "Tony Ripe" Civella. According to Scott Burnstein's Gangster Report, the Kansas City mob is on its last legs with 12 made men or less. The family still has some gambling and loansharking with some extortion involving drugs and the strip club industry.
Bosses (official and acting)
- 1912–1931 – Joseph "Joe Church" DiGiovanni
- 1931–1934 – John "Brother John" Lazia (murdered in 1934)
- 1934–1939 – Charles "Charlie the Wop" Carrollo (convicted in 1939)
- 1939–1950 – Charles Binaggio (murdered)
- 1950–1953 – Anthony Gizzo
- 1953–1983 – Nicholas Civella (convicted in 1977 and 1980; deceased in 1983)
- 1983–1984 – Carl "Cork" Civella (convicted in 1984)
- 1984–1995 – William "Willie the Rat" Cammisano
- 1995–2006 – Anthony "Tony Ripe" Civella (arrested in 1992)
- Acting 1992–2006 – John "Johnny Joe" Sciortino
- 2006–present – John "Johnny Joe" Sciortino
Active family members
- Boss John "Johnny Joe" Sciortino
- Underboss Peter "Las Vegas Pete" Simone
- Consigliere Frank DeLuna – the FBI in Missouri believes he is the aide to Sciortino.
- William Cammisano, Jr., a current captain and son of former Kansas City mob boss William "Willie the Rat" Cammisano Sr. His first conviction was in 1989 for obstruction of justice after he intimidated a witness involved in a murder trial; he was released three years later. He has been the suspect of numerous gangland executions during the 1980s. Cammisano is also blacklisted from every casino in Kansas City and Las Vegas. In 2010, he pleaded guilty to running a massive illegal gambling operation which amounted to $3.5 million over the course of three years; he received one year.
- State Of The Syndicate: The Kansas City Mafia Today Scott Burnstein, GangsterReport.com (November 3, 2015)
- Ouseley, William (12 June 2008). Open City: True Story of the KC Crime Family 1900-1950. Leathers Publishing. ISBN 978-1585974801.
- "Tropicana | ONE". www.onlinenevada.org.
- "State Of The Syndicate: The Kansas City Mafia Today". The Gangster Report.
- "Kansas City mafia continues to dwindle". About the Mafia. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "William Dominick Cammisano, Jr". Nevada Gaming Control Board. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Remembering Kansas City's mob past". Kansas City Business Journal. Steve Vockrodt. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "William 'Willie' Cammisano Jr. pleads guilty to running illegal gambling operation; son of 'Willie the Rat' Cammisano". The Pitch. Justin Kendall. Retrieved 17 May 2016.