Kansas Highway Patrol

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Kansas Highway Patrol
Patch of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Patch of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Logo of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Logo of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Badge of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Badge of the Kansas Highway Patrol
Flag of Kansas
AbbreviationKHP
MottoService · Courtesy · Protection
Agency overview
Formed1937; 84 years ago (1937)
Preceding agency
  • Kansas Motor Vehicle Inspectors
Employees742 (2018)[1]
Annual budget$87,883,595 (2018)[1]
Legal personalityState agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionKansas, US
KS - Highway Patrol Troop Map.png
Kansas Highway Patrol Troop Map
Size82,277 square miles (213,100 km2)
Population2,911,505 (2018 est.)[2]
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
Primary governing bodyGovernment of Kansas
Secondary governing bodyGovernor of Kansas
Constituting instrument
  • K.S.A. Ch. 74, Art. 21[3]
Operational structure
HeadquartersTopeka, Kansas
Sworn members468 sworn members(2014)[4]
Civilian members274 Civilian members (2014)[5]
Agency executive
  • Colonel Herman T. Jones, Superintendent
Facilities
Troops / Units27
Notables
Award
Website
kansashighwaypatrol.org

The Kansas Highway Patrol (KHP) is the highway patrol agency for the U.S. state of Kansas. While the patrol's primary focus is maintaining the safety of State, Federal and Interstate highways, it also is charged with providing support for rural and small municipal police departments when tactical, aerial or other specialized services are needed. The Kansas Highway Patrol has statewide jurisdiction, and frequently assists other agencies with emergency calls for service ranging from accidents to fights in progress.

History[edit]

In 1933, the Kansas Legislature, Governor Alfred Landon, and Highway Department Attorney Wint Smith acted to halt the rampant bank robberies and crime sprees of the 1920s and 1930s. They created a force of ten Motor Vehicle Inspectors, forerunners of Kansas Troopers, under the control of the State Highway Commission.[7]

The Legislature officially organized the Kansas Highway Patrol in 1937. A superintendent, assistant superintendent, and 45 troopers were hired to reduce crashes by enforcing traffic, vehicle, and license laws. Kansas City Police Department veteran Jack B. Jenkins was the first superintendent.[7]

The Governor appointed a Superintendent, and the Superintendent appointed the remainder of the Patrol. All appointees had to pass a physical exam and be U.S. citizens, at least 24 years old, of good health and moral character, and without a criminal record. The 1941 Kansas Civil Service Law affected appointment procedures, but as late as 1945, half the appointees had to belong to the governor's political party, and the other half had to be members of the political party that garnered the second highest number of votes in the gubernatorial election.[7]

In the 1950s, the patrol was contracted to patrol the Kansas Turnpike Authority, and Protective Services began with one Trooper providing ground transportation for the Governor. The recruit school moved from the State Reformatory in Hutchinson to the University of Kansas (KU) in Lawrence. Increasingly, troopers patrolled alone. Before, they always rode in pairs.[7]

In the 1960s, each trooper was assigned a patrol car to improve roadway coverage, and access to the Law Enforcement Teletype System and National Crime Information Center improved the patrol's communications. The first promotional examinations were given, and the former ready-alert facility of the deactivated Schilling Air Force Base in Salina became the patrol's Training Center. Also, the Motor Vehicle Department began examining license applicants, releasing Trooper-Examiners to law enforcement duties.[7]

In 1976, the patrol gained authority over the Capitol Area Security Patrol, which now commonly referred to as the Kansas Capitol Police, or Troop K. In 1988, the responsibility to enforce motor carrier laws was passed from the Department of Revenue to the patrol. As a result, the Patrol inherited Motor Carrier Inspectors and began operation of Motor Carrier Weigh Stations across the state.[7]

In the 1990s, the Patrol had outgrown its training center. The state took over the former Marymount College campus in Salina, to house the training academy, statewide communications center and central region offices.[8][9]

The first female troopers joined the patrol in 1981. Today, the agency actively recruits women and men to be troopers and to fill other uniformed and civilian positions. Besides Troopers, the agency employs Capitol Police Officers, Capitol Area Guards, Motor Carrier Inspectors, Communications Specialists, Vehicle Identification Number Inspectors, Motorist Assistance Technicians, and civilians in a variety of other support positions.[7]

Morale controversy[edit]

In 2014, amidst many allegations of abuse of power and inconsistent work practices resulting in overall low morale, the University of Kansas School of Business proctored a thorough survey of all KHP Employees that were willing to participate. The results of the survey revealed that the majority held great loyalty to the agency, but believed upper-level command staff needlessly doled out disciplinary actions to those they personally disliked, showed favoritism during promotional processes, and were generally incompetent when it came to making important decisions regarding the overall direction of the patrol. Colonel Ernest Garcia and Lieutenant Colonel Alan Stoecklein were both mentioned by name multiple times in an open-ended section at the end of the survey where employees could comment freely. Kansas State Troopers Association President Mitch Mellick said that the survey revealed concerns that had long been held by troopers across the state regarding labor practices and benefits. Lieutenant Colonel Stoecklein soon thereafter announced his retirement, effective September 15, 2014 and Colonel Ernest Garcia announced he was leaving the agency on January 5, 2015.[10][11][12]

Organization[edit]

The Kansas Highway Patrol is under the direction of the superintendent, who holds the rank of colonel. The superintendent is appointed by the Governor of Kansas. The superintendent appoints an assistant superintendent who holds the rank of lieutenant colonel to assist them. Under the assistant superintendent are five executive commanders who hold the rank of major. These officers comprise the executive command staff of the Patrol.[13]

The Patrol is organized into several divisions, and each are overseen by an executive commander. Each division or region is further divided by its geographical area of responsibility (known as a "troop") or its function. Each troop or functional group is overseen by a commander who holds the rank of captain. Administrative groups are overseen by a civilian director. Each troop is further divided into "zones" of one or several counties. Each zone is overseen by a field supervisor who holds the rank of lieutenant.[13]

Kansas Highway Patrol Organization[13]
Division Troop Headquarters Major Duties Areas of Responsibility
East Region Troop A Olathe, Kansas Law enforcement Kansas City Metropolitan Area: Johnson County, Leavenworth County, Miami County, and Wyandotte County
East Region Troop B Topeka, Kansas Law enforcement Northeast Kansas: Atchison County, Brown County, Doniphan County, Douglas County, Franklin County, Jackson County, Jefferson County, Nemaha County, Osage County, Pottawatomie County, Shawnee County, and Wabaunsee County
East Region Troop K Topeka, Kansas Capitol Police Kansas State Capitol, Kansas Governor's Mansion, and state properties in Topeka
East Region Fleet Operations Topeka, Kansas Vehicle procurement, issue, maintenance, and sales Statewide
North Region Troop C Salina, Kansas Law enforcement North central Kansas: Chase County, Clay County, Cloud County, Dickinson County, Ellsworth County, Geary County, Jewell County, Lincoln County, Marion County, Marshall County, McPherson County, Mitchell County, Morris County, Ottawa County, Republic County, Riley County, Saline County, and Washington County
North Region Troop D Hays, Kansas Law enforcement Northwest Kansas: Cheyenne County, Decatur County, Ellis County, Gove County, Graham County, Logan County, Norton County, Osborne County, Phillips County, Rawlins County, Rooks County, Russell County, Sheridan County, Sherman County, Smith County, Thomas County, Trego County, and Wallace County
North Region Troop G Wichita, Kansas Law enforcement on the Kansas Turnpike I-35 from the Oklahoma state line to Emporia, I-335 from Emporia to Topeka, I-470 in southeastern Topeka, and I-70 from Topeka to Kansas City
North Region Troop I Topeka, Kansas Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP) and Critical Highway Accident Response Team (CHART) Statewide
South Region Troop E Garden City, Kansas Law enforcement Southwest Kansas: Clark County, Comanche County, Edwards County, Finney County, Ford County, Grant County, Gray County, Greeley County, Hamilton County, Haskell County, Hodgeman County, Kearny County, Kiowa County, Lane County, Meade County, Morton County, Ness County, Pawnee County, Rush County, Scott County, Seward County, Stanton County, Stevens County, and Wichita County
South Region Troop F Wichita, Kansas Law enforcement South central Kansas: Barber County, Barton County, Butler County, Cowley County, Harper County, Harvey County, Kingman County, Pratt County, Reno County, Rice County, Sedgwick County, Stafford County, and Sumner County
South Region Troop H Chanute, Kansas Law enforcement Southeast Kansas: Allen County, Anderson County, Bourbon County, Chautauqua County, Cherokee County, Coffey County, Crawford County, Elk County, Greenwood County, Labette County, Linn County, Lyon County, Montgomery County, Neosho County, Wilson County, and Woodson County
South Region Emergency Operations / Homeland Security Topeka, Kansas Administration of the agency's Homeland Security Grant Program Statewide
South Region Public and Governmental Affairs Topeka, Kansas Public information, recruiting, research, and legislative representation Statewide
South Region Accreditation Topeka, Kansas Establishing CALEA accreditation and maintaining compliance Statewide
Special Operations Troop J Salina, Kansas Intra-agency training, inter-agency training, and recruit academy Statewide
Special Operations Troop S Topeka, Kansas Special Response Team (SRT) and Police Service Dog Unit (PSDU) Statewide
Special Operations Troop N Topeka, Kansas Domestic Highway Enforcement Team (DHET), DEA Task Force, Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), Kansas Intelligence Fusion Center (KIFC), and evidence management Statewide
Special Operations Troop T Topeka, Kansas Aircraft operations Statewide
Administrative Services Troop M Topeka, Kansas Communications and CJIS Statewide
Administrative Services Troop V Topeka, Kansas Motor vehicle enforcement Statewide
Administrative Services Fiscal Management Topeka, Kansas Budgeting and accounting Statewide
Administrative Services Human Resources Topeka, Kansas Human resource management Statewide
Administrative Services Information Technology Topeka, Kansas Information technology management Statewide
Administrative Services Records Topeka, Kansas Records management Statewide
Assistant Superintendent's Office Legal Counsel Topeka, Kansas Legal affairs Statewide
Superintendent's Office Professional Standards Unit Topeka, Kansas Internal affairs Statewide
Superintendent's Office Troop L Topeka, Kansas Protective Services Unit Statewide

Rank structure[edit]

Title Insignia Description
Superintendent (Colonel)
US-O6 insignia.svg
Rank of colonel, appointed by the Governor of Kansas to be the professional head of the Department
Assistant Superintendent (Lieutenant Colonel)
US-O5 insignia.svg
Rank of lieutenant colonel, second-in-command of Patrol, appointed by the Superintendent
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
Regional and Division Commanders
Captain
US-O3 insignia.svg
Troop Commander
Lieutenant
US-O2 insignia.svg
First Line Supervisor
Technical Trooper
Blank - Spacer.png
Rank held by veteran Troopers assigned to a technical specialty (e.g. Bomb Technicians, Aircraft Pilots, Canine Handlers, Task Force Officers, Commercial Vehicle Enforcement troopers).
Master Trooper
Blank - Spacer.png
Rank attained by Trooper after completion of 5 years of service and completion of advanced professional training.
Trooper
Blank - Spacer.png
Rank attained by Recruits upon successful completion of the training academy, responsible for field law enforcement patrol.
Trooper Trainee (Recruit)
Blank - Spacer.png
This rank is held by law enforcement officers while attending the KHP training academy.

Pay and pensions[edit]

Officers of the Kansas Highway Patrol begin their career as trooper trainees in the training academy at a base hourly rate. Upon graduation, a pay increase occurs, followed by another the beginning of their fourth year. Upon their fifth year, troopers are eligible for promotion to Master or Technical Trooper with an accompanying increase in pay. Additional years of service and experience qualify troopers for promotion to lieutenant (pay grade 36), captain (pay grade 38), and major (pay grade 38).[14]

Kansas Highway Patrol Trooper Pay Structure[15]
Rank Time in Rank Pay Pay Grade Pay Step
Trooper Trainee During academy training $18.26 per hour 25 4
Trooper 0-3 Years $21.13 per hour 27 6
Trooper 4-5 Years $22.72 per hour 27 9
Master/Technical Trooper 0-3 Years $26.29 per hour 32 5
Master/Technical Trooper 4-5 Years $27.61 per hour 32 7
Master/Technical Trooper 6-8 Years $29.03 per hour 32 9
Master/Technical Trooper 9-10 Years $30.46 per hour 32 11
Master/Technical Trooper 11-13 Years $31.98 per hour 32 13
Master/Technical Trooper 14-15 Years $33.55 per hour 32 15
Master/Technical Trooper 16+ Years $35.25 per hour 32 17

Troopers' retirement is administered by the Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS) which provides a defined benefit plan, the Kansas Police and Firemen's Retirement System (KP&F).[15] Contributions are made on a pre-tax basis each pay period, with 7.15% of gross earnings withdrawn automatically. Tier I retirees (those employees who were enrolled in KP&F before July 1, 1989 and did not choose Tier II coverage) and Tier II retirees (all employees hired on or before July 1, 1989 or those who were hired earlier and chose Tier II coverage) may retire and are vested at different times.[16]

KP&F Retirement Service and Age Requirements
Tier I Tier II Tier I Transfer Tier II Transfer
Age 55 with 20 years of service Age 50 with 25 years of service Age 50 with 25 years of service Age 50 with 25 years of service
Any age with 32 years of service Age 55 with 20 years of service Age 55 with 20 years of service
Age 60 with 15 years of service Age 60 with 15 years of service

In addition to the provided pension, employees are eligible to enroll in the Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS) 457(b) deferred compensation plan, known as KPERS 457.[17]

Officers of the agency[edit]

Kansas Trooper in a Ford Crown Victoria
Kansas Highway Patrol Bell 407

State Troopers[edit]

State troopers are certified law enforcement officers who enforce Kansas laws. Troopers have law enforcement jurisdiction throughout the state. Daily responsibilities include performing traffic stops, providing emergency medical assistance, assisting motorists, investigating crashes, detecting and deterring criminal activity, and assisting other law enforcement agencies. State troopers assist during civil disturbances and natural disasters, provide law enforcement at the Kansas State Fair, inspect school buses and motor vehicles, testify in court, and educate the public about traffic safety.[18]

Capitol Police Officers[edit]

The Kansas Capitol Police, as they are known today, are members of a specialty troop of the Kansas Highway Patrol (Troop K). The Capitol Police originally became part of the Kansas Highway Patrol in 1976, under the designation of Kansas Capitol Area Security Patrol, or C.A.S.P.

In the early days of C.A.S.P., the police officers of this special unit were statutorily only allowed to enforce laws on or about state property; leaving them powerless to act on a violation of the law when traveling from one property to another.

In 1995 The Kansas Legislature gave county wide law enforcement jurisdiction to the Capitol Police, and several years thereafter full statewide jurisdiction. With this added jurisdiction and the expanding role of C.A.S.P. legislation was also passed to officially change the name of the unit from C.A.S.P. to the Kansas Capitol Police.

Capitol Police Officers carry the same types of weapons and are issued the same types of equipment and vehicles as Kansas State Troopers. Although they are members of the Kansas Highway Patrol, they are considered “officers” not troopers, and wear slightly different uniforms. Most attended other police academies, not the trooper academy. In 2018, five Capitol Police officers attended the entire trooper academy but still graduated as Capitol police. In 2019, two more attended the trooper academy. Those who attended the full trooper academy are allowed to transfer out of Troop K and become a trooper have a specified amount of time in the Capitol.

Troop K is one of only two Kansas Highway Patrol Troops that provide 24-hour, 7-day-a-week police coverage. This coverage currently entails answering calls for service/patrolling over 100 state properties in Shawnee County Kansas, assisting other law enforcement agencies, investigation traffic accidents, intervening in crimes in progress, and traffic enforcement. The Capitol Police are also charged with providing uniformed police protection at the governor's mansion, the statehouse, the insurance regulation building, and the judicial center.[19]

Motor Carrier Inspectors (Troop I)[edit]

Motor carrier inspectors perform thousands of roadside inspections each year, and enforce state laws and federal regulations that promote the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles. MCIs enforce state statutes governing size and weight of vehicles, assist stranded motorists, promote voluntary compliance with the law through educational programs, testify in court, and assist during civil disturbances, natural disasters, and crash scenes. MCIs also train outside agencies in commercial motor vehicle weight and safety regulations. However, most training is conducted by the technical troopers within Troop I (MCSAP troopers).

Motor carrier inspectors work at established scale houses throughout the state, and MCI Law Enforcement Officers conduct mobile inspections. The MCI Law Enforcement Officers are certified law enforcement officers, (but are not troopers), who in addition to inspecting commercial motor vehicles, detect and deter criminal activity, and apprehend criminal offenders.[20]

Around approximately 2015, it was decided the mobile motor carrier inspector position would be eliminated through attrition. The MCIs were allowed to remain employed but had no opportunity for advancement. When they retire, their positions are replaced by technical troopers who perform the MCI duties of size and weight enforcement as well as typical trooper duties.

Communications Specialists (Troop M)[edit]

Communications specialists support field personnel 24 hours a day, seven days a week by rapidly and efficiently broadcasting information from the Highway Patrol's Central Communications Center in Salina, Kansas. Daily responsibilities include operating a data entry terminal and radio communication system to send, relay, and receive information. Communications Specialists maintain continuous contact among Highway Patrol personnel and other emergency response agencies, and they disseminate information for officers to apprehend offenders, develop investigative leads, track criminal activity, identify stolen property, and locate missing persons.

Communications specialists also coordinate emergency medical relays across the state using aircraft and ground units, and monitor alarms and warning systems, such as those issued by the National Weather Service and local emergency managers.[21]

Equipment[edit]

Current Firearms
Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Glock 17 Gen 5 Pistol 9mm  Austria Standard Issue
Glock 19 Pistol 9mm  Austria Executive Protection Detail & Task Force Troopers
SIG Sauer P226 Pistol .40 S&W  Germany Kansas Turnpike (Troop G) Troopers
Remington 870 Shotgun 12 Gauge  United States Standard Issue
Mossberg 500 Shotgun 12 Gauge  United States Kansas Turnpike (Troop G) Troopers
Colt M4 Patrol Rifle 5.56mm  United States Standard Issue to all law enforcement officers
H&K 416 Tactical Rifle 5.56mm  Germany Special Response Team (SRT)
SIG Sauer MPX Submachine Gun 9mm  Germany Executive Protection Detail
H&K MP5SD Submachine Gun 9mm  Germany Special Response Team (SRT)

Previous firearms[edit]

The last revolver issued was the Smith & Wesson Model 586 .357 Magnum revolver[citation needed]. In 1991, the SIG Sauer P220 .45 ACP was the first semi-automatic pistol carried by the agency until it was replaced in 1998 by the Glock 21 .45 ACP pistol[citation needed]. In 2009, the agency was one of the first in the United States to adopt the Glock 21SF (Short Frame) series sidearms (the other state agency to adopt the Glock 21SF shortly after would be the Nebraska State Patrol who still uses them)[citation needed]. The Glock 21SF was first issued with a standard Level 1 or Level 2 high gloss leather holster, but the agency would later adopt the Safariland 6360 Level 3 holsters in around 2013–2014[citation needed]. In late 2018, the Patrol transitioned to 9mm with the Glock 17 Gen 5 carried in a Safariland 6360 Level 3 holster[citation needed]. The transition to 9mm was based upon Federal Bureau of Investigation testing which demonstrated a marked ballistic improvement upon earlier technology.[citation needed][22]

Vehicle issuance and retirement[edit]

Each trooper is issued their own patrol vehicle. Patrol vehicles are retired before reaching 50,000 miles and are subsequently resold to other governmental agencies at a reduced price.[24]

Fallen officers[edit]

Since the establishment of the Kansas Highway Patrol, 10 officers have died in the line of duty.[25][26]

Officer Date of Death Details
Trooper Maurice R. Plummer
Saturday, December 16, 1944
Automobile accident[27]
Trooper Jimmie D. Jacobs
Tuesday, October 6, 1959
Automobile accident[28]
Trooper John B. McMurray
Wednesday, December 9, 1964
Vehicular assault[29]
Lieutenant Bernard C. Hill]
Sunday, May 28, 1967
Automobile accident[30]
Sergeant Eldon K. Miller
Friday, January 19, 1968
Gunfire[31]
Trooper James Donald Thornton
Tuesday, October 2, 1973
Gunfire[32]
Trooper Conroy G. O'Brien
Wednesday, May 24, 1978
Gunfire[33]
Trooper Ferdinand Frederick Pribbenow
Saturday, July 11, 1981
Gunfire[34]
Master Trooper Larry Lee Huff
Friday, November 26, 1993
Automobile accident[35]
Master Trooper Dean Allen Goodheart
Wednesday, September 6, 1995
Struck by vehicle[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Budget Analysis FY 2020 - Kansas Highway Patrol" (PDF). Kansas Legislative Research Department. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  2. ^ 2019 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau
  3. ^ "2019 Statute". Office of Revisor of Statutes, Kansas. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  4. ^ "Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008" (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  5. ^ USDOJ StatisticsArchived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "CALEA Law Enforcement Accreditation". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "History of the KHP". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
  8. ^ This site is maintained the New Media Department of the Salina Journal. "Salina.com - an online service of The Salina Journal". saljournal.com. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  9. ^ "Kansas Highway Patrol Training Academy - kansashighwaypatrol.org - Retrieved March 6, 2009". Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  10. ^ "KHP survey points to dissatisfaction with leadership, alleged favoritism". CJOnline.com.
  11. ^ "Kansas Highway Patrol superintendent to retire". KSN-TV.
  12. ^ "Longtime KHP trooper to retire, says so long at his 28th state fair". The Hutchinson News.
  13. ^ a b c "Troop Location Map". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  14. ^ ""Pay Grades"" (PDF). Kansas Department of Administration. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  15. ^ a b ""Salary"". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  16. ^ "KP&F Membership Guide" (PDF). Kansas Public Employees Retirement System. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  17. ^ "Join KPERS 457" (PDF). Kansas Public Employees Retirement System. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  18. ^ "Career Opportunities for Trooper". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
  19. ^ https://www.kansashighwaypatrol.org/157/Troop-K
  20. ^ KHP Motor Vehicle Inspector page http://www.kansashighwaypatrol.org/careerop/co_mci.html Archived October 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Career Opportunities for Communications Specialist". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  22. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/fbi-moves-back-to-the-9mm-round-which-it-once-shunned-as-ineffective/2015/10/31/d7d0b994-7e80-11e5-afce-2afd1d3eb896_story.html
  23. ^ "Troop T - Aircraft". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  24. ^ "Fleet Operations". kansashighwaypatrol.org. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  25. ^ Kansas Highway Patrol Memorial page http://www.kansashighwaypatrol.org/memory/memorial.html Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Officer Down Memorial Page http://www.odmp.org/agency/1938-kansas-highway-patrol-kansas
  27. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Plummer". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  28. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Jacobs". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  29. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - McMurray". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  30. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Hill". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  31. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Miller". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  32. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Thornton". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  33. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - O'Brien". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  34. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Pribbenow". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  35. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Huff". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  36. ^ "Honoring our Fallen - Goodheart". Kansashighwaypatrol.org. Archived from the original on September 9, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.

External links[edit]