Kantō Massacre

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Kanto Massacre
A Zainichi was about to be pierced by Japanese vigilantes with bamboo spears immediately after the Kanto earthquake.
A Zainichi about to be pierced by Japanese vigilantes with bamboo spears immediately after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.
LocationKantō region, Japan[1]
DateSeptember 1923 (1923-09)
TargetZainichis and socialists[1][2]
Attack type
Mass murder
WeaponsGun, Japanese sword and bamboo spear[1]
Deathsat least 6,000[1][3][4]
Non-fatal injuries
unknown
Kantō Massacre
Japanese name
Kanji関東大虐殺
Kyūjitai關東大虐殺
Hiraganaかんとうだいぎゃくさつ
Korean name 1
Hangul
관동대학살
Hanja
關東大虐殺
Korean name 2
Hangul
간토 대학살
Hanja
간토 大虐殺

The Kantō Massacre was mass murder committed by Japanese militaries, police and vigilantes against the Zainichi residents of Kantō region, Japan, immediately after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.[3] The massacre is also known as Massacre of Koreans in 1923.

The massacre occurred over a period of three weeks starting on September 1, 1923, the day that a massive earthquake struck the Kantō region. During this period, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army, police and vigilantes murdered Zainichi civilians and Japanese socialists who numbered an estimated at least 6,000.[1][3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "관동대학살" [Kanto Massacre]. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  2. ^ "A play teaching the history of the Great Kanto Earthquake massacres to Japanese youth". The Hankyoreh. 2017-06-05. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  3. ^ a b c "Yokohama recalls texts describing 1923 'massacre' of Koreans". The Japan Times. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  4. ^ a b "1923 Kanto Earthquake Massacre seen through American viewpoints". The Korea Times. 2016-08-31. Retrieved 2018-03-03.