Kantoli

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Kantoli was an ancient kingdom suspected to be located somewhere between Jambi and Palembang in southern Sumatra around the 5th century of the common era.[1] Chinese records indicate that "Sanfotsi was formerly called Kantoli" and this as well as the location of the kingdom have led historians to consider Kantoli as the predecessor of Srivijaya.[1] Srivijaya was referred to as Sanfotsi by the Chinese.[2]

During the reign of the Liu Song Dynasty, Kantoli sent several embassies to China.[1] Trade between the two kingdoms were established and this granted Kantoli with great wealth through heavy dependency on volume from China.[1] With the conquest of Song by the Sui Dynasty, volume of trade dwindled due to the new ruler's austerity.[1] The emperor banned all luxurious items in the courts which coincidentally were supplied by many, including Kantoli.[1]

Sri Varanarendra, king of Kan-t'o-li, sent the Hindu Rudra on an embassy to China between 454 and 464. His son, Vijayavarman, did the same in 519.[3]:55

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. pp. 102–103. ISBN 981-4155-67-5. 
  2. ^ Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. p. 114. ISBN 981-4155-67-5. 
  3. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.