Kantunil Municipality

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Kantunil
Municipality
Region 3 Centro #042
Region 3 Centro #042
Kantunil is located in Mexico
Kantunil
Kantunil
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°47′45″N 89°02′05″W / 20.79583°N 89.03472°W / 20.79583; -89.03472Coordinates: 20°47′45″N 89°02′05″W / 20.79583°N 89.03472°W / 20.79583; -89.03472
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Felipe Pech Padilla[2]
Area
 • Total 153.29 km2 (59.19 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation[2] 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2010[3])
 • Total 5,502
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code 009
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Kantunil Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “place of yellow or precious stone”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (153.29 km2) of land and located roughly 65 km southeast of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

There are no records indicating the history of pre-Hispanic times for this area. After the conquest the area became part of the encomienda system.[2] The known encomenderos for Kantunil are: Juan de Aguilar (1549)l Francisco López de Cieza (1552), Diego López de Cieza (1607), Pedro de Magaña Pacheco de la Cámara (1632), Pedro de Magaña y Contreras, José de Arrúe (1648), Alonso Chacón de Aguilar (1664-1688), Ignacio Chacón.[4]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the Coast region with its headquarters in Izamal Municipality. In 1910, Kantunil and Holcá were the only settlements in the area.[2]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three year term. The town council has four aldermen, who serve as Secretary of the Town Hall; and councilors of heritage and patrimony; parks, public gardens and cemeteries; and public lighting.[5]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[5]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[5]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Kantunil, Yucatán. The other populated areas in the municipality are Guadalupe, Holcá, San Adrián, San Diego, San Dimas, San Felipe, San Pedro, Santa María, and Sualahtún. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 5,502[3]
Holcá 1916 in 2005[6]
Kantunil 3428 in 2005[7]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 31 January to 4 February 4, is held a celebration in of the Virgin of Candelaria.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of the Virgin of Candelaria, built in the seventeenth century
  • archaeological site at Coloba
  • Cenote Chihuan

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Listado oficial de los precandidatos del PRI a las 106 alcaldías de Yucatán" (in Spanish). Progreso, Mexico: Progreso Hoy. 18 December 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2015.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán » Kantunil" (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures: Kantunil, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 492. ISBN 84-00-04399-5. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Kantunil". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Holcá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Kantunil". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 8 June 2015.