District location in Uganda
|• Total||1,274 km2 (492 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||197.9/km2 (513/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Kanungu District is bordered by Rukungiri District to the north and east, Kabale District to the southeast, Kisoro District to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. The district headquarters at Kanungu are located approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi), by road, northwest of Kabale, the largest town in the sub-region. This location lies approximately 420 kilometres (260 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The coordinates of the district are:00 57S, 29 47E.
Kanungu District was created by the Sixth Parliament of the Republic of Uganda in July 2001. The district comprises one county with twelve sub-counties of Kihihi, Kambuga, Nyamirama, Rugyeyo, Rutenga, Kayonza, Mpungu, Kinaaba, Katetete, Nyakinoni, Nyanga, Kanyantorogo,and four Town Councils of Kanungu, Kihihi, Butogota, and Kambuga. It is the location of the mass murder/suicides committed at several sites by the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God cult in 2000. The district has a distributed feeder road network and community access roads. There are three airstrips: Kayonza Tea Factory, Savannah Airstrip near Kihihi, and the Ishasha River Camp Airport in the Ishasha Sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park. The charitable organisation, CHIFCOD, operates schools, colleges, and health centres in the district.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 160,700. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 204,700. The annual population growth rate for the district was calculated at 2.1%. It is estimated that the population of Kanungu District in 2012 was approximately 252,100. The table below illustrates the population growth in the district between 2002 and 2012. All figures are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is planned for August 2014.
|Kanungu District Population Trends|
The District is served by one District Hospital Kambuga Hospital located in KambugaTown Council and another NGO modern state of art Hospital Bwindi Community Hospital located at the outskirts of Bwindi Impenatrable Forest the home to Mountain Gorillas. It has two Health Centre IVs one located in Kanungu Town Council, Kanungu HCIV and the other one in Kihiihi Town Council Kihiihi HCIV and ten government Health Centre IIIs at Subcounty level.
As of September 2002[update], the residents of Kanungu district, self-reported their religious affiliations as follows: (a) Christianity: 95.3%, (b) Islam: 2.7%, (c) Other: 1.7% and (d) None: 0.3%.
- Note: the category "Other" may include Orthodox Christianity and other Christians.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of the district, as is the case with the majority of other Ugandan districts. The fertile soils and good climate allow for adequate produce for home consumption and surpluses that are sold. However, due to the remoteness of the district and the mountainous terrain, bringing the produce to market remains a challenge and a constraint to increased production.
Many people in the district keep livestock on a subsistence level, primarily for milk production. Milk is part of the local diet and is a requirement for almost every household. But few people keep cattle in large numbers since the people here are traditionally agriculturalists.
Crops grown in the district include:
The Kayonza Tea Factory in Butogota Town Council and the Kigezi Development Tea Factories one in Butogota Town Council and the other in Rugyeyo Subcounty owned by one Tycoon Musinguzi James Garuga purchases and processes the tea grown locally. The high altitude and fertile soils allow the production of temperate fruits like grapes, apples and pears.
The District also gets a lot of revenue from the tourism sector as majority of the world's population of mountain Gorillas are harboured in the famous Bwindi National Park.
- Uganda District Map
- "Road Distance Between Kanungu And Kabale With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Map Showing Kampala And Kanungu With Distance Marker". Gobefeed.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Baryomunsi, Cris (30 March 2009). "Kanungu Now Has Electricity, Eagle Air". The Observer (Uganda). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Estimated Populationlevelnungu District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Ninsiima, Racheal (14 July 2013). "Uganda Census Planned for 2014". The Observer (Uganda). Retrieved 17 May 2014.
- UBOS, . (2002). "Religious Affiliations Among Ugandans In 2002, By District" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Businge, Gerald (27 March 2007). "The Beautiful Side of Kanungu". Ugpulse.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014.